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The Second Great Awakening - Hist 201

by: Paige Darnley

The Second Great Awakening - Hist 201 History 201

Marketplace > Ball State University > History > History 201 > The Second Great Awakening Hist 201
Paige Darnley
GPA 2.8

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About this Document

These notes are about the Second Great Awakening
Dr. Stephan
Class Notes
history, second great awakening
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Paige Darnley on Saturday February 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 201 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Stephan in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see 1492-1876 in History at Ball State University.


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Date Created: 02/27/16
th March 17 , 2016 HIST 201 The Second Great Awakening (GA = Great Awakening) I. Significance a. Unprecedented Church Growth i. 1780 – 457 Bapt Church ii. 1820 – 2700 Bapt Church b. New Denominations formed i. 1784 – 1K Methodists ii. 1830 – 500 K Methodists c. Catalyst for Reform movements II. Comparing 1  GA to 2  GAnd a. Similiarities i. Emotional/conversion experience ii. Geographical widespread iii. Interdenominational  iv. Sense of a declension b. Differences  i. 1 GA: Same clergy/same denominations | 2 GA: new  clergy/denominations 1. 2  didn’t require a college education to preach  ii. 1  GA: Calvinism (John Calvin) 1. Predestination/Human depravity iii. 2  GA: Arminianism (Jacob Arminius) 1. free will, certainty, perfection III. Meanings of Revivalism  a. Conversion Narratives i. 3 Stages: 1. Pre­conversion 2. Conviction (ambiguity) 3. Conversion (assurance) b. Social Context i. Camp meetings ii. Social Order 1. Yeoman farmers: Independent men 2. Youth 3. Women 4. African American (free & slaves) IV. Spreading the word a. Shared Evangelical Methods i. Vernacular preaching (no college experience/preach from your beliefs) ii. Reading 1. American Bible Study (1816) 2. American Pamphlet Society (1825) a. Steam power press (produced thousands of pamphlets to  spread around) 3. Colporters: French for backpackers a. Spread the word of God through the pamphlets/sometimes  charged a penny for them 4. Newspapers a. Christian Advocate b. Denomination Methods i. Methods 1. Francis Asbury a. Didn’t  care about money b. Spartan lifestyle c. Traveled ‘5K miles’ w/ just a saddlebag d. Rotated clergy 2. Circuit Riders a. 50% mortality rates by age of 30 because they would  always be working and traveling 3. Class meetings a. Bible study b. Spiritual discipline c. Building church communities d. Recruited potential clergy ii. Baptists 1. Farmer­preacher method a. Decreased reliance on donations b. Worked with the income from their farm and basically  preached for free 2. Protracted meetings V. Curtain Call a. Allure respectability i. Protestants 1. Build Colleges 2. Want Profession b. Schism (breaking up things) i. Clergy (Cumberland Presbyterians) ii. Slavery iii. Camp Meetings (Bapt/Presby) iv. Rev. Charles Finney 1. Successful 2. New School Presbyterian nd VI. Explaining 2  GA a. Search for community on frontier b. Search for industrial order i. Thrifty, sober,individual well suite to rising industrial in North c. Demoratization Theory i. Clergy not separate order ii. Religious feeling taken face value: you preach what you see iii. Democracy & limits VII. Leagues a. More Awakenings & Religious Pluralism b. Racial division i. African Methodists (1816) ii. 1844/45 – Mthodist & Baptist iii. Politics of religion 1. Temperance  2. Slavery: attacked and defended 3. Women’s Sufferage


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