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Notes 3/5

by: Ally Hill

Notes 3/5 SOC0150

Marketplace > Sociology > SOC0150 > Notes 3 5
Ally Hill
GPA 3.3
Social Theory
Rod Nelson

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About this Document

3/5 notes about Emilé Durkheim's 'Suicide'
Social Theory
Rod Nelson
Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ally Hill on Thursday March 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC0150 at a university taught by Rod Nelson in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 215 views.

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Date Created: 03/05/15
Social Theory 3515 553 PM Suicide 1897 Durkheim Major themes in suicide 0 Social integration Multivariate analysis looking at a multiple number of correlations on the dependent variable Independent variables correlate with each other Multiple regression analysis is common in sociology 0 He puts this type of analysis on the map for sociology 0 Very primitive but nonetheless it is there 0 One of the reasons Suicide is so important to sociology Introduction 0 Key theoretical point the statistics on suicide show that the suicide rates for the European nations are remarkably stable and this stability would be exceedingly unlikely if suicide were strictly an individualized psychological phenomena 0 Must establish a factual basis 0 The data they had showed that the suicide rates do not vary from one year to another It is not a unique individualized problem there are social forces involved 0 Variations in the suicide rates are correlated with some large scale structural characteristics of societyquot 0 Look at the fluctuations what caused this What was going on in society at this time Was there a largescale event that could have caused suicide 0 So Durkheim concludes that the suicide rate is an eminently sociological phenomenon that can depend only on social causes 0 Something sociologists do that psychologists do not 0 We do not have reliable access to the mental states of people who kill themselves directly beforehand o All causes of death stem from a positive or negative impact on the victim 0 Element of passivity o Deeper motivations are excluded from Suicide 0 Suicide statistics are compiled by state agencies they only give you the figures they do not give the reason behind suicide o The morphological method or the method of seeking morphological typesquot versus the aetiological classificationquot of suicide O 0000 Durkheim was very argumentative Argument by elimination is a feature of his analysis Effective rhetorically Opening chapters deal with weather factors on suicide Says there s 2 ways to analyze suicide come up with analysis by looking at individual cases morphological which we cannot do because not everyone who commits suicide leaves a note or a causal approach aetiological The Types of Suicide aetiological Egoistic suicide 0 Excessive individualism valuing your own individual existence over collective existence Cutting yourself off from society You would expect to see this form of suicide in contemporary life Religion correlates with suicide More Protestants more suicide generates more individualism and freedom of thought less guidance More Catholicism less suicide Education correlates with higher rates of suicide Married people with children are more protected from suicide than unmarried or childless couples Suicide rate drops when countries are at war Drops when there are internal political upheavals These disturbances stimulate patriotism Altruistic suicide 0 O O Opposite of egoistic Overly integrated individuals too much social pressure Military is where you would expect to see over integration Obligatory altruistic suicide n Individuals feeling an obligation to commit suicide being a burden on the society ex elderly person who cannot take care of himself anymore or Indian society Optional altruistic suicide a Sense that your family s honor needs to be contained and if you do a disgraceful act it is necessary to commit suicide a Not typically found in modern day society a Suicide bombers n Kamikaze pilots Acute altruistic suicide n Cases usually found in religions when an individual kills himself for the pure joy of sacrifice Anomic suicide 0 00000 0 Regulation is the cause sense of norms which are governing you Happen when people are under regulated Your desires start coming to the floor Desires become unlimited or insatiable Highly correlated with economic dislocations The great recession produced a higher suicide rate Sudden fluctuations in wealth are not good 0 Fatalistic suicide 0 00000 Happens when people are over regulated Too many rules to the point where your individual freedom has evaporated Not a feature of modernity Slaves would be a case of this Very young husbands Wives who are childless Prisoners with a life sentence would be a modern day example Comments on types of suicide Few works on suicide before Durkheim Look at the issue of social integration Integration is a key aspect of every society There can be too much or too little integration We have physical and social needs we need to be right in the middle of these Durkheim Some individuals can be closer to the physical side without committing suicide Durkheim suggests they may not have as much of a need for social involvement as others do Durkheim says elderly children and women have lower rates of suicide Women have small social lives and do not need social interaction like men do he says Women are closer to nature and are more animalistic 3515 553 PM 3515 553 PM


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