Weekly Notes from first week in March
Weekly Notes from first week in March PSC 2446
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amanda Rewerts on Thursday March 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 2446 at George Washington University taught by Elizabeth Saunders in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 124 views. For similar materials see US Foreign Policy in Political Science at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 03/05/15
March 2 US Foreign Policy Class Notes COLD WAR NOTES CONTINUED Cuban Missile Crisis Castro vs US 0 Predecessor Dictator Fulgencio Batista before Castro was pretty bad and said was very mean 0 Castro was most importantly a Cuban Nationalist first 0 Kennedy wanted to overthrow CastroBay of Pigs 0 Monroe Doctrine and the Spanish American War affected his decisions and also had connections and ties to Cuba 0 Largescale military alliance was what Eisenhower didn t want 0 Coup outcome in Guatemala in 1953 was an episode that had been seen as an success according to the Eisenhower had overcome Socialist movement 0 They thought they could do the same thing in Cuba that they did in Guatemala 0 Intelligence agency thought Cuba s people didn t support Castro but in fact it wasn t true and the People did support Castro 0 Kennedy became very skeptical of any info that came from the intelligence agency about Cuba 0 Cuba s problem with Cold War and the Soviet Union was accelerated by Cuba happenings 0 Dawn of 1960s young leaders bring hope 0 Gobachev takes over for Stalin 0 Kennedy takes over from Eisenhower 0 Gobachev knows that Kennedy will try to overthrow Castro 0 Gobachev doesn t think Kennedy will move fast enough 0 USSR has fallen behind in nuclear missiles 0 Soviets had short range missiles in Cuba 0 Gobachev hates that Kennedy had missiles on the border of Turkey read to shoot into Russia at any moment and this is part of the reason why he never invaded Berlin because they were scared of those missiles in Turkey 0 Kennedy and Gobachev s conversations were recorded and made the book the Kennedy Tapes 0 Kennedy didn t care that Soviets had missiles in Cuba Why 0 America had a strong military and didn t need to worry about it o The US s nukes are hidden and the other side doesn t know where the others are 0 US had nukes on trains and this keeps the Reds guessing 0 US didn t see the Soviets nukes as a huge threat at first 0 Why are missiles such a big deal 0 You can t let the Soviets into our backyard o In September 1962he said he wanted to do something about these missiles Political move for Kennedy people wanted him to hold true to his word Berlin crisis and Russia could take over Berlin Soviets thinking about US relations If you wuss in Cuba will they stay true in Berlin What resonates today Nuclear Weapons more risk of War than of each other Issues on who s in charge will the orders actually happen through the bureaucracy Something could be launched accidentally Would the Cubans be able to enact the missiles Orders given in Moscow weren t always followed 1 spy plane was shot down Interconnectedness of Communist countries was real alliance politics Wanted to reassure allies that if US would back Berlin if nothing would happen then nothing would ever happen in Cuba Do allies want them to act This was a thought that weighed down on Kennedy How do you maintain creditability without going too far Role of intelligence was wrong about many things 0 Amount of Russian troops in Cuba 0 People s attitude toward Castro 0 Cuba had missiles head and was read to shoot any moment 0 Intelligence failed very badly in the Cold War Remember about Allison s 3 Models and the Cold War failures 0 Model 1 Unitary Actor Model I Missiles in blockade Soviets blink and the missiles out not very many people believe this is set to the Cold War 0 Model 2 Organization Culture Model they had many clues but the bureaucrats didn t have meeting about it or put together the pieces of the puzzle I US will send offensives missiles in Cuba and there wasn t an over ight of spy planes for many days I Refugees were saying that there were missiles I Military head accidentally said drunkly in bar that they had military bombs I Intelligence routines I Why no camou age 0 When putting the missiles together in Cuba there wasn t camou age and therefore US could see them 0 Gorbachev was told that camou age was in the trees 0 Russian missiles team had SOP that was wo camou age in Russia 0 Model 3 Bureaucratic Politics Model Where you should stand depends on where you sit 14 people who were involved in this committee and had to do with a lot of 14 different personalities of 14 people JFK had to deal with political implications it was an election year Alliance needs reassurance Distrusts CIA about missiles and CIA director Chooses blockade rather than air strikes JFK distrusts Department of Defenses and his ideas and recommendations How can he be sure the missiles are untouched How do you know that a missile will be launched during the air strikes Goes with blockade because he doesn t want to start nuclear war His highest adVisors wanted him to do this Was still seen as doing something politically 3 models are not equal Rational choice is 1St model Most USFP readings and classes regard this model as choice for Cold War model March 4 Notes We watch most parts of the 13 Days documentary Keep model 13 in mind as you watch the movie
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