New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Psych Week of 3/2/15 Notes

by: Spencer Poston

Psych Week of 3/2/15 Notes 0010

Marketplace > University of Pittsburgh > 0010 > Psych Week of 3 2 15 Notes
Spencer Poston
GPA 3.3
Cynthia Lausberg

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes are devoted to developmental psychology and highlights some of the main contributors to the field. Social psychology is also introduced this week.
Cynthia Lausberg
Class Notes
25 ?





Popular in Department

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Spencer Poston on Friday March 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 0010 at University of Pittsburgh taught by Cynthia Lausberg in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 45 views.


Reviews for Psych Week of 3/2/15 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/06/15
Intro to Psych Tuesday Genetics and Development DNA molecule containing organism s genetic materialchemical elements amines Gene section of DNA certain sequence of amines 0 Located on chromosome tightly wound strand of DNA 0 There are dominant will be expressed if paired with a recessive and recessive genes will be expressed only if two recessives are present Prenatal Development follow book Twins 0 Monozygotic one egg one sperm and egg divides Infants of same sex have identical features and same set of 46 chromosomes 0 Dizygotic two eggs two sperm No more genetically similar than other siblings would be Critical Periods times during which environmental events can have an impact positive or negative on development Ex Language must be learned during the toddler years or it will never be learned as well at any other point in life Teratogens environmental agents that can cause deviations in development and may lead to serious abnormalities Ex drugalcohol use by the mother while the baby is in the womb Newborn Re exes adaptive Nourishment Connect with caregivers 0 Avoid harm 1 Stepping motions the baby will already move its legs as if it s walking even though it can t actually walk as a newborn 2 Grasping the baby will hang onto a caregiver s nger 3 Morostartle a baby will splay its arms and legs if it feels startled 4 Sucking necessary for feeding 5 Rooting a baby will lean towards touch Motor Milestones Raising head 24 months 0 Rolling over 25 months Sitting up 46 months with support 67 months without support Crawling 78 months Walking 815 months Developing Brain Complexity of neural networks increases with age Stages of Language Development 2 months cooing making vowel sounds 6 months adding consonant sounds 12 monthsoneword speech holophrases 18 months telegraphic speech just the essential words are spoken Preschool age whole sentences 6 years of age grammatically correct sentences take shape Cognitive Development thinking skills Piaget s Stage Theory Schemas Concept or framework to be built upon Organizes and interprets information Assimilation New knowledgeljincorporated intoexisting schema Ex A child has an existing schema for a dog four legs fur etc and is able to distinguish a dog from other animals even if a beagle is the only dog he s ever seen Accomodation New knowledgeljlproduces changes inljexisting schema Modify information you already have Sensorimotor Stage a Birth 2 years b Children explore using senses c Object permanence requires ability to mentally represent something Preoperational Stage a Ages 27 b Egocentrism they have little ability to see things from others perspectives why sharing is so hard c Magical thinking they believe they can in uence things that they cannot d Symbolic function use mental representations in more sophisticated ways than just object permanence e quotConservation taskquot a child is shown two amounts of liquid that are exactly the same but the shape of the liquids is then changed and they cannot recognize that the amount is the same Once this task is accomplished they are in the next stage Concrete Operational Stage 0 Ages 712 0 Conservation Task is able to be achieved 0 Classi cation of objects based on similarities Concrete logic can only think based on what s right in front of them Formal Operational Stage 0 Ages 12adulthood 0 Abstract thinking the child is able to think hypothetically Hypothesis testing quotwhat ifquot Vygotsky focused on the social environment s impacts on cognitive development 0 Zone of Proximal Development the area between what the child could do by herself and what she could do with the assistance of a teacher Scaffolding social interaction between child and expert to build up the child s skills Temperament behavior characteristics established at birth 0 Easy very adaptable hard to upset o Difficult it s hard to establish a schedule easily upset 0 Slow to warm up between easy and difficult o Attachment strong emotional connection develops early in life between infants and their caregivers Studied by John Bowlby who found a lack of attachment led to negative consequences 0 Separation Anxiety 0 Failure to thrive Mary Ainsworth developed the quotstrange situationquota child and its caregiver are brought into the lab and a stranger is introduced What does the child do When the caregiver leaves what does the child do When caregiver returns what does the child do Thursday Attachment styles Secure feel comfortable exploring know their needs will be met When in the strange situation the child will be calm when the stranger comes in but will become upset when the caregiver leaves Insecure 3 different types 0 Avoidant caregiver is unresponsive to needs Child explores but does not come back to caregiver They don t seem to mind when the caregiver comes and goes in the strange situation 0 Ambivalent child can be clingy at rst but may not care when the caregiver returns Displays mixed feelings when interacting o Disorganized there is little pattern in how the child behaves with the caregiver Harry Harlow separated infant monkeys from their mother at birth and put them with two different types of surrogate mothers for 165 days One had a wire body a harsh face and a feeding bottle while the other had a body made of cloth and a more friendly face but no feeding bottle Harlow observed how the infant monkeys behaved with each of these arti cial mothers He found that the infant monkeys nearly always chose the softer and friendlier mother even though it had no nourishment This led him to conclude that nourishment was not more important than contact comfort Eric Erikson studied psychosocial development Proposed there were 8 stages of development with a crisis and resolution at each stage 1 Trust vs Mistrust a Birth to 1 year b Learn to trust or to not trust c Regularity of care love and affection 2 Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt a 13 years b Children realize they can direct their own behavior c Learn to express will and independence d Child will either exercise some control and make some choices or doubt self 3 Initiative vs Guilt a 35 years b Challenged to control behavior c Begin to initiate activities and complete tasks d Enjoy own abilitiesor feel guilty 4 Industry vs lnferiority a 512 years b Pride in accomplishmentsor feelings of inferiority 5 Identity vs Role confusion a Adolescence b Develop sense of self c Form valid identityor confused about quotwho am Iquot 6 Intimacy vs Isolation a Early adulthood b Develop ability to share with care for and commit to another personor feel isolated 7 Generativity vs Stagnation a Middle adulthood b Contribute to next generation raise children artistic creations volunteering etc or feel lack of purpose 8 Ego Integrity vs Despair a Late adulthood b Life review c Satisfactionor despair Pa renting Styles Authoritarian parents impose rules and expect obedience Children of these parents tend to have low selfesteem and lesser social skills Permissive parents submit to children s demands Children of these parents tend to be aggressive and selfcentered Authoritative parents are demanding but responsive to children Children of these parents have higher selfesteem are more selfreliant and independent and have better social skills Moral Development Preconventional aka Premoral consequences determine morality Reward good punishment bad Conventional morality involves conforming to society s rules and laws Postconventional aka Principled morality decided upon by individual even if they con ict with society s rules and laws l Hines Dilemma Adulthood is broken up into 3 stages Early Middle Late Physical and Psychological Aging Theories Cellular clock 0 Wear and tear Free radical Social Psychology It is the scienti c study of how we think about in uence and relate to one another Norms rules about how to act Roles parts you play in life Culture program of shared rules that govern a community or society Conformity adjusting one s behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard Solomon Asch collected a group of individuals and told them to determine the length of drawn lines Each individual was placed at a table with other people who were part of the research team Each member of the team would make an answer that was not correct but the individual would agree anyways just to conform This study con rmed the fact that there is group pressure to conform An in uence resulting from one s willingness to accept others opinions about reality Conditions that strengthen conformity One is made to feel incompetent or insecure Group has at least 3 people 0 Group is unanimous One admires group s status and attractiveness One has no prior commitment or response 0 Group observes one s behavior One s culture strongly encourages respect for a social standard


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.