SOC 100 Week 13
SOC 100 Week 13 SOC 100
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by luke koppa on Monday April 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 100 at Colorado State University taught by John Brouillette in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see General Sociology in Behavioral Sciences at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 04/25/16
SOC 100 Week 13 Chapter 9 Global Stratification In a world of unequal economic development, a child’s country of birth affects chances of survival o Chance of dying before age 5 Sierra leone 18.5% Haiti 7% US 0.8% o Highly connected to economic development Clicker who is responsible for poverty in poor countries (rich or poor?) o 66% said both are responsible Shift in world power o By 2025, only 10% of world will be politically dominated by western countries o In 1900’s, was over 50% Income/wealth disparity o World 77% of global income earned by richest 20% of population 93.6% of wealth o US around 50% of income earned by richest 20% o Since 1990 the gap has increased dramatically World poverty o Relative: deprivation of some people in relation to those with more o Absolute: deprivation of resources to the point of life threatening consequences o Worldwide more absolute poverty US has more relative Life chances o Life expectancy o Infant mortality o Health o Education and literacy o Persistent gaps in human development How we die o Rich Heart disease Stroke Lung cancer Pneumonia Pulmonary disease Colon cancer Diabetes alzheimers Breast cancer Stomach canacer o Poor Heart disease Pneumonia HIV/AIDS Stroke Perinatal conditions Diarrhea Tuberculosis Pulmonary disease Malaria Road traffic conditions o Takeaway: Rich die from things that they can control, while poor die without control o Someone dies of starvation every 2 seconds Correlates of 3 world poverty o Inadequate technology o Population growth o Traditional cultural patterns o Social stratification o Gender inequality o Global power relationships Rich nations taken resources from poor nations Modernization theory more responsibility on poor countries o Inadequate technology o Population growth o Traditional cultural patterns Dependency theory more global responsibility o Global power relationships o Colonized countries when colonizers left, they didn’t leave the colonies self sufficient Lack of centralized government Worst in Africa, middle east, some of S. America Industrial effect on global stratification o Increase in industrial use – causes irdrease in CO2, which in turn changes weather Causes decrease in food in 3 world countries Causes starvation/poverty o Causes civil unrest/terrorism Colonization o Direct exploitation of poor nations by rich nations is less common today than in past o So does that mean poor nations are not exploited as much today? No colonization replaced by neocolonization A new form of global power relationships that involves not direct political control by rich nations but rather economic exploitation by multinational corporations Future of global stratification o “in the long run, we can achieve peace on this planet only by ensuring that all people enjoy a significant measure of dignity and security” Clicker Modernist theory is linked to which perspective? o Answer= functionalist o Dependency theory= conflict Where things are made Jack’s test of own clothing rd o Everything from shoes to pants to shirts was made in 3 world countries Per capita income gulf war o Countries that supported USA/Kuwait had higher incomes than those that supported Iraq War and terrorism civilian casualties o WWI .5% o WW2 57% o Last 30 years 75% Iraq war deaths US 4,497 Iraq troops – 46,000 Iraq civilians 165,000 Global distribution of military expenditures o US consists of 39% Also #1 way we spend tax dollars Clicker the poorest fifth of the world population controls what % of global income? o 2% Clicker almost what % of the children die in a poor country before the age of 5? o 20% Chapter 11 Race and Ethnicity (majorities and minorities) Voting is it purely a personal decision? o White less likely to vote for Obama than Hispanic Americans and African Americans Changing makeup of US o By 2050 minorities will be greater than majority Americans most likely to live in poverty o Native Americans Linda Brown o Topeka Kansas black family tried to register at nearest school, was denied due to race and had to attend a school 2 miles away o Father sued Topeka School board Brown vs. Board supreme court decision decided that segregation of schools not allowed Minority o Category of people distinguished by physical or cultural traits and are socially disadvantaged o Visible difference o Disadvantaged (many different ways) o Does NOT have to do with numbers Ex: women in America, Blacks in South Africa – higher in number, but still treated as a minority European stereotypes o Heaven is a place where the police are British, the cooks are French, the mechanics are German, the lovers Italian, and the whole thing is organized by the Swiss o Hell is where British are cooks, mechanics are French, lovers are Swiss, police are German, and it’s all organized by Italians Clicker If two applicants for admission to CSU (minority and not minority) are equally qualified, preference should be given to minority to increase diversity on campus? o Very split o 40% disagree o 23% agree o 36% uncertain o Affirmative Action: pay extra attention to minorities Not saying that you have to higher minority over majority, but give minorities an extra look due to them being underprivileged Prejudice o Negative attitude based on faulty generalizations about minorities Discrimination o Any action that involves treating various categories of people unequally o Should we discriminate? We discriminate on a daily basis What are the consequences Minorities in US o African American o Latina o American Indian o Mentally disabled o Physically disabled o Exconvict o Drug users o Veterans o Homosexuals o A fetus o Obese o Dwarfs o Ugly o Illegal immigrants “illegal aliens have always been a problem in the US, just ask any American Indian” Categories of Minorities o Based on heritage and religious background Race Ethnicity Religion o Age Fetus Minor Elderly o Limited by socioeconomic system o Deviant behavior patterns o Physical mental status Should we discriminate? o Of course but under which conditions? And what are the consequences of a particular form of discrimination Minorities do not exist “out there” – we create them o Thomas theorem Forms of Discrimination o (A= majority) o Pluralism A+B+C= A+B+C “cultural mosaic” Let everyone celebrate individual culture/background o Assimilation A+B+C = A Comprised of a diverse population but force all to become/act like majority Ex: National language Can be positive unity Can also be negative not letting others express individuality
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