History - Revolutionary Change
History - Revolutionary Change History 201
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Paige Darnley on Saturday February 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 201 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Stephan in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see 1492-1876 in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 02/27/16
February 18 2016 Hist 201 Revolutionary Change A Defending Independence a Thomas Paine s Common Sense 70000120000 copies made Thomas Paine failure at almost everything Knew Ben Franklin printing stuff A pamphlet that discussed why America should split from England e He was passionate and called out those who still sided with England f Mainly talks to men we are being exploited as country g No respect for authority h Wants to motivate you b Thomas Jefferson s Declaration of Independence i Government serves the people ii Everyone is equal c Going to the Source Tavern Songs B What when on at Colonial Taverns a Going to the Source CH 5 b Mostly white men c Hub of political culture goom C Military Turning Points of the American Revolution a Spring 1775 LexingtonConcord rst bloodshed i British target Concord Armory police action ii Few weapons there but res start in blacksmith shop gt stirring patriots iii Brit 273 casualties iv Patriots 95 casualties v FIRST BLOODSHED amp DEFEAT OF BRIT b Oct 1777 Saratoga Burgoyne s defeat i May 1777 Gen John Burgoyne invade US via Lake Champlain ii Summer 1777 Americans evacuate Ft Ticonderoga with Burgoyne 8K men chasing iii Burgoyne surrenders 6K men and 27 canon c 39Oct 1781 Yorktown surrender of Cornwallis i Coordination of French Navy w American troops 7K Troops ii Brit Trapped on peninsula w no naval reinforcement iii Surrender of Lord Cornwallisamp Parliament s vote to cease offensive operations D Immediate Impact of Victory a Treaty of Paris 1783 i Unconditional independenceborders ii for loyalist amp British Merchant claims iii British were slow to move people out of their forts b 25K white men dead 5 of that population New Relationship w French Commercial growth Can trade with who ever they want when and where e Westward Migration Proclamation line of 1760 America s said do whatever the hell that you want Kentucky horses given away to Virginia vets because they were broke and had nothing to give them E Citizenship amp War a Loyalists amp Neutrals i Wealthier people trading partners with England ii Native Americans they liked the proclamation line because they got to keep their land iii Governing peoples iv Anglican Clergy F Change of Slaves a Role of Slaves in Revolution i British 1 Dunmore s Proclamation 1775 a Marshal Law no civility left he calls shots in military b Must ght for the king c Frees all slaves just for them to be apart of the King s army d Feared whites more 2 The fate of Loyalist slaves a Britain s wartime challenge appealing to slaves and slaveholders b 20K freed slaves Brit To pay owners for their slaves c Destinations Canada Brit Caribbean 1K to Sierra Leone Africa 3 Patriots a Militia quotas i 1775 No black troops ii 1777 Free black people can enlist iii 1777 Militia quotas for states created b Slavery s Slow Death in the North an i Ideological Assault 1 Enlightenment 2 Evangelicals Baptists Methodists Black ministers race based slavery ii Economics of Northern Slavery 1 Slaves make up less than 5 of the population of New England iii Gradual Emancipation PA 1 They don t like slavery 2 March 1 1780 no slaves born before that date are free slaves born after that date are free 28 years of age quotTerm Slavequot 3 1784 MA RI CT 4 1799 NY 5 1804 NJ c Slavery s Resurgence in the South i 1776 500K slaves ii 1790 700K slaves iii Reconciliation of Revolutionary Rhetoric amp Slavery 1 Thomas Jefferson Slavery is a necessary Evil a Blacks are inferior to whites b HE HAD CHILDREN WITH HIS SLAVE i Sally Hemmings iv Manumission Laws 1 VA 1782 easing ability of master to free slaves 2 George Washington you can free a slave at your own discretion didn t account for hos wife s slaves d Women and War i Roles during the war ii Postwar Life 1 Common women women had to run the farm and keep things going while husbands were at war deputy wives camp followers single women who follow anc s and boyfriends in battles 2 Rachel Well s petition she s given a lot of money to government but now she wants money back she won t get it back because she moved across the state lines British wouldn t honor those who moved across state little education 3 MiddlingUpper class women a Limits on women ch 7 b Martin family Massachusetts loose property dowry to Anna Martin 800 acres a house with stables and farm they leave mass spend time in New York Massachusetts takes their property comes up after everyone is dead e supreme court says it s because she s a woman was she a proper wife Did she commit treason or did she stay loyal i Found that she s a good wife c quotFeme Covertquot Everything she was given was her husbands because now they re married her identity belongs to husband judges rule that she has no say in this matter Mass Con scations Act 1779 i using legal sources as a primary source historians like paper trails Republican Mothers Women are trained to learn stuff more the younger they learn Latin and math and stuff like that because they need to take the information and teach the next generations into being republicans Limits of republican motherhood Academies amp Seminaries for women s education GreekLatin History Math and Music i John Winthrop Ann Hopkins GConclusion Ambiguous Results a b Shakylndependence Virtuous Citizenship Importance of republicanism next generations c Slavery s slow death in NSlavery resurgence in S d Women s growing social in uence Women s persistent Pol amp legal inequality Important Dates Stamp Act 1765 The English tax basically everything and not everyone can afford it Declaratory Act 1766 Repealed the Stamp Act and lessened the Sugar Act Boston Massacre 1770 5 people killed people died because of an accident over tensions Boston Tea Party 1773 A protest where Englishmen threw tea into the harbor to go against the taxing of imported goods Coercive Acts 1774 British send over 4000 troops shut down port of Boston trade is cut off city controlled my military officials from Britain ConcordLexington 1774 Paine s Common Sense 1776 70000120000 copies made Thomas Paine failure at almost everything knew Ben Franklin printing a pamphlet that discussed why America should split from England he was passionate and called out those who still sided with England mainly talks to men we are being exploited as country Declaration of Independence 1776