Week 12 Islam in Africa Notes
Week 12 Islam in Africa Notes RELA 3900/ RELI3900
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Raleigh Zook on Monday April 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to RELA 3900/ RELI3900 at University of Virginia taught by Cynthia Hoehler-Fatton in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Islam in Africa in Religious Studies at University of Virginia.
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Date Created: 04/25/16
Week 12 Islam in Africa Notes Islam in East Africa Tayeb Salih • North Sudan • First-hand experiences of village life – “The Wedding of Zein” and “Season of Migration to North” Muhammad Ahmad al-Mahli (shaykh) • Uprising against the Turk-Egyptians who were backed by the British in the 1880s • Fused jihad with Sufism • Samaniyyi Sufi order (branches off Qadiriyya) • Omdurman became the capital for Mahdists o Mahdists wore bright patchwork; Humility—Not in royal garments— Simple o Al-Mahdi’s tomb is here at this Sufi center o Hamid el-Nil mosque—To perform dhikr after Friday prayer o Maulidi—Celebration of the Prophet’s birthday o “Dervish” Sufis o Khutba—Imam’s sermons on Fridays Sudan • Apparently more Sufis in Sudan than any other country • Sufi groups have their own shaykhs, clothing, dances, etc. o Extent of individuality; Individual expression within Sufism o E.g. miracles attributed to Haneen in “The Wedding of Zein”, such as those with Amadu Bamba Islamism • Islamist criticizing Sufism recently o Islamists=Fundamentalists; Radicals (e.g. Salafi); Insurgent groups § Global reform in 21 Century where reformists can form international ties • Waging jihad to achieve a Muslim state—Gaining currency in Africa o Education founded by outsiders (in Africa)…Implicating reform into the minds of the students • Criticisms of Sufism o Integration of spirit veneration o Not disciplined o Dislike Maulidi celebration (venerating the Prophet instead of God) o Vtenzi (recitation)—singing praises of the Prophet o Djinn • 2012: Salafis attacked Sufis practicing Maulidi Kenya • Islam is a minority here (8-12%--the majority live on the coast) o Dwindling; Eclipsed by Christianity • King Mumia o Identified as a good collaborator by the British and established sub- imperialism in his region o Accepted and dressed Islam, but also honored his traditional religion o Luyia/Luo • Djinn—Manipulation of spirits (Command bidding) • Shriff—Descendant • Mixing!!! • Mosques now often double as schools—Recent development in response to pressure from Islamists Week 12 Islam in Africa Notes Muridiyya brotherhood Touba • Ritual center • Symbolic significance • Where Bamba is buried • Center of Muridiyya brotherhood • Ibra Fall and others are credited for building the Great Mosque of Touba o Lamp pillar—identified with Ibra (Tallest minaret) • Grand Magal—Great pilgrimage o Khassid (mystical poetry to Bamba)—recitation Bamba • Miracles that Bamba performed on the water enroute to Gabon (French colonial colony) in exile and proceeded to pray o Famous scene from his hagiography • Ibra Fall (“The Lamp”) o Bamba’s most important follower o Dark robes signify that he was a laborer à Work ethic o Club—Represents the stake he put in the ground where Bamba would be buried—Great Mosque of Touba • Samb’s art o Symbols: § Lion: Similar to Daniel from Old Testament (Bamba parallels to him) § Dove: Angel Gabriel…usually with a letter (bringing news) § Kaba: Hajj • Bamba’s mother was seen as saintly Baye Fall movement • Attracting followers in U.S. (typically young and African American)—MICA, AMD • Subset of young Murids who see themselves as laborers/warriors for God; word hard, proceeds to Murid movement, wants Bamba’s blessing • Wear patchwork cloaks; Amulets; Dreadlocks o Not from elites, primarily drawn from laborers • Also known as artists—Ecstatic form of dhikr
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