Musc205 Week Notes
Musc205 Week Notes MUSC205
Popular in History of Popular Music, 1950-Present
Popular in Music
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shira Clements on Monday April 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUSC205 at University of Maryland taught by Richard King in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see History of Popular Music, 1950-Present in Music at University of Maryland.
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Date Created: 04/25/16
Continued- - Madonna didn’t make voguing classy- her video was classy o Ballroom scene- Straight appropriation of gay culture Works with Jose Guyierez Xtravaganza and Luis Xtravaganza Willi Ninja explains voguing Elsewhere in the Eighties… Whitney Houston - The only artist with seven consecutive Billboard Hot 100 number 1 hits - Notes for brilliant vocal range - Queen of late 80s and early 90s - “I Wanna Dance with Somebody” (1987) - Appears in the movie The Bodyguard o Cements her fame o Stars opposite Kevin Costner o Film gets lukewarm reviews, the soundtrack on the other hand… o “I Will Always Love You” is perhaps her most famous song o Dolly Parton sang it first- she did a cover Pop Icons - Michael, Madonna, Whiteney, Prince - These figures are the dominant pop icons of the 80s o Videos truly help them become famous - Dominant dales the continue today Elsewhere in the 80s - Not just now romantics and pop megastars - Regonomics o Rich get richer, and poor get poorer - In rock, a return to the ideals of the 60s- to connect back with the middle class- not appealing to the super rich Bruce Springsteen - “The Boss” - Early records weren’t huge hits- record company threatened to drop him - Displays skill as a storyteller - NJ Everyman- loved everywhere, but god in NJ o Connects to average NJ citizen - Born in the USA (1984) o 7 top ten singles o songs about Americans in hard times o “Dancing in the Dark” o The frustration of getting no where despite constant work Hit hard by Rageanomics - Influences so many people after him U2 - Leaders in 60s-style protest revival - Ethereal guitar sound - “Sunday Bloody Sunday” o Troubles in Ireland - Guitar sound - Every man wear Bon Jovi - Another NJ-blue collar rock band - A bit hair metal o great hair- outfit that looks glisty and glammy - Connected with the average worker - Provided escapism and optimism - “Living on a Prayer” o portrays the band in music video o makes ban accessible- every guy kind of people Hair Metal - images becomes premium - short and catchier than 70s metal- kind of like a pop song - virtuosity - image is greater than sound- looks like they came from salon - classical music as a source? - “Eruption”- Van Halen - “Dreams”- Van Halen - Poison- band o This is hair metal o Parents just shake their heads- inappropriate, but better than Satin o Promotion on MTV o Power ballads Thrash/ Speed Metal - Sought to maintain the “true” metal tradition- back to the 1970s metal - Underground - Faster tempos - Punk attitude - Metallica o Began in 1981 in LA o Distributed largely on cassettes o Made it to the top 10 without MTC airplay o Sped metal up to create a new style o “The Four Horsemen” - Megadeth o Formed in 1983 when Dave Mustaine was kicked out of MEtalicca o Took Metallica’s idea, and made it even faster o Created a progressive strain of metal, where chops and aggression were key o “Mechanix” The Origins of Hip Hop 4-20- 2016 The Problem with Disco - it everntually ets sold as the obtainablw dream of escapism for everyone o but its not really that obtainable - emerges in Manhattan Hip Hop- - started in the Bronx o not the best neighborhood, so some people cant even get the disco - economic hardship for African Americans - The Cross Bronx Expressway is formed o Cut Bronx in half- was linked before and now separated o Next to the highway- so people do not want to live there, so property values plummet- so poorer people live there and become poorer - Gangs, drugs, guns - Rap music arose from desperation, chronicled the plight of African Americans - What makes hip hop culture? o Turntablism (DJ-ing) o Rap (MC-ing) o Break dancing o Graffiti o Fashion- hip hop artist fashion labels The DJ - Record spinners from disco o Plays more than one song or just goes from one song smoothly into the next - Rap begins in NYC in the late 70s with DJS - DJ-ing is the basis of hip hop - DJ Kool Herc o First true turntablist- leads the way o Brought the Jamaican sound system and idea of toasting to rap o Use two turntables to create mixes o Emphasizes the break The break Just the drums Often pulled from funk All the other instruments drop Usually short “Funky Drummer”- James Brown - Scratching o Created by accident by Grand Wizard Theodore Scratched the record and made it into the classic DJ sound o Grandmaster Flash turns it into art o “The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash” collection of samples built on top of one another - Break Dancing o People start elaborate dance in the breaks o B-boys (break, Bronx, beat) o Battles become standard - Rap o Like Kool Herc’s toasting- just talking over the music o Rap became more elaborate when others did it while DJ spun o Others became- MCs o Becomes about competition and battle o A musical take on playing the dozens o Busy Bee vs Kool Mmoe Dee - Rap hits the radio- 1979 o Sugarhill Gang “Rapper’s Delight” o Rhythm/bass from Chic’s “Good Times” o First ho[ hop song in the top 40 o Rap arrives on the charts as disco ends - Afrika Bambaataa o Begins to expand the musical language of hip-hop o Enamored of groups like Kraftwerk Least black music samples o New fashion, language o “Planet Rock” (1982) - Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five o “The Message” (1982) o offer a frank view of ghetto life o good luck finding Flash - Run DMC o A departure from party rap o Sparse, boomy beats o “Walk This Way” (1986)- combines rap and rock o Hit #4, first top ten rap hit - “Sucker M.C.’s” o released in 1983 o “marked the beginning of rap’s second generation” o battle rap brought to record o reimagines what rap can sound like “Where Rap and Heavy Metal Converge” · MTV helped popularize rap o Watched by suburbians, who were thought to be hostile towards rap · Rap artists projected :volatile messages via mass cultural products” · Public Enemy and NWA · “vicious put downs of women, homoseuxals, blacks, and japanses” · Axl Rose of Guns N Roses uses “niggers” in his song · Ethnic stereotyping runs deep in American popular culture · “it shows a new acceptance, a license to say derogatory things about other people. People making these statements are being real and not covering anything up” · theme of “rebelling against authority” · “rock has a tradition of embracing (or exploiting) the contributions of racial ad sexual outsiders.” · Axl Rose: believes that :racial epithets represent artistic freedom” (Song: “One in a Million” · “racist and sexist statements are a byproduct of societal tensions, and they belong well within constitutionally defined free speech” · There’s a big diff between Guns n Roses vs. Public Enemy: - o The rap group’s overall message is one of self-determination for blacks “The Rap Yearbook: ‘Rapper’s Delight’ by the Sugarhill Gang” - · not the first rap song ever, but the first commercially successful rap song, and it’s nearly universally recognized as the moment modern hip-hop became an official genre - · What was the first rap song? “King Tim III” which was a disco song by Fatback Band in 1979 - o Contains the traditional cadence and feel of rap that we know and understand today - o In the 70s, the predominant black music was disco - § However, disco was not an appropriate representation of the lifestyle blacks were experiencing at the time; it was too fun and soft - o DJ Kool Herc, from Jamaica, played in South Bronx. - § Started hip hop: DJS in the 70s - · Scratching, back spinning, emceeing - · LIVE - o In 1979, the sugarhill gang reocrded and released “Rapper’s Delight” - § Robinson, who put together the gang, said “I got these kids who are going to talk real fast over (the music) that’s the best way I can describe it” - § First rap that most of America hear - § TEN VERSES - § First three verses: - · Introduces rap, says what there doing · Moving people feet · Introduces themselves (Wonder Mike) · Indirectly says rap is for EVERYONE · Much criticism · Hank BRAGS: **establishes rap’s relationship with money, and women · Height indicative or rapping ability § Verses 4-10: · Mike admits love of country · Tells stories · 251/500 greatest songs of all time · 2/50 greatest hip hop sogs of all time · first “true” rap song, recorded by a group that billed itself as a rap group and sold as - a song that presented itself as a rap song rather than a song that had some elements of rap in it o coined the term “rapper” o turned Sugar Hill Records into the premier record label for rappers o sold more than 2 million copies o CHANGED EVERYTHING FOREVER