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3-4 Anth 203 lecture

by: Alejandra Gutierrez

3-4 Anth 203 lecture 3446

Marketplace > Washington State University > 3446 > 3 4 Anth 203 lecture
Alejandra Gutierrez
GPA 3.8
Anthropology 203

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About this Document

These are Tuesday's notes, talking about Economy, Distribution, and Food. They include the notes from the Power Point from class, and things that were said that were not on the slides. Enjoy.
Anthropology 203
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alejandra Gutierrez on Friday March 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 3446 at Washington State University taught by Abdul-Karim in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views.


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Date Created: 03/06/15
Two articles to read online Economics Economic Anthropology Economics focuses on production and consumption within the industrialized world Link Ongka who grows cash crops pigs to this topic We are moving away from idea of production and looking we are looking at distribution Anthropology studies these things but comparatively Industrialized societies and deindustrialized It is all about the resources Who control it How are they shared Modes of Distribution Reciprocity the exchange of goods and services of roughly equal value between two trading partners There are three kinds of this Generalized giving a gift without expectation of immediate return For example saying quotOh I ll buy the coffee but are not thinking quotI ll pay for the coffee today and next week she will give me coffee There s no expectations it will be paid back Balanced exchange of goods and services with the expectation that equivalent value will be returned within a specific period of time Some people who give 40 present expect a 40 present back Negative exchange of goods and services between equals in which the parties try to gain an advantage When buying a car or something both wants to get the best out of each other For example getting a car Buyer wants it cheap Seller wants to get more out of it This is different from Bartering An example of this Kula ring A form of reciprocal trading found among the Trobraid Islanders involving the use of white shell necklaces and red shell bracelets So people gives a bracelet and expects a Necklace from the other person and if they do not then trading dies between them Person has two trading partners One they would give necklaces and the other bracelets and so the giver will get necklaces and bracelets Bracelets from the one they gave necklaces to and will get necklaces form the person they gave bracelets to The other two people have other trading partners and this continues and so everyone is connected and the islands are trading partners When going to trade they load the boat with god to trade Why travel a long distance to deliver one bracelet or necklace This reinforces status as well Chief was responsible for organizing the exchange Boats trips and they get status Social collectiveness is important When times of need there will be others to help out It is a network of connections Redistribution goods and services are given to a central authority and relocated to the people according to a new pattern Involves 2 stages An inward flow of goods and services to a social center In An outward dispersal of these goods and society back to society Out There has to be some form of power that is forcingcausing people to participate Could be informal like persuasion Could not be beneficial even for chief People started holding massive amounts of wealth and not redistributing 1 Gain status because they are displaying wealth and generosity 2 Cannot keep it all even if he wanted to Too many pigs 3 Can insure people that they will have an adequate way of living nsures people in the community will not riot against leaders 4 Helps create alliances Maka too This is seen more in our society and with Onga He showed more on Prestige economy Gets goods give goods get status Taxes are another example Foreign aid helps create alliances In our society it is known as Conspicuous consumption quotYes you get status from getting wealth and use it to show off So money is used as a status symbol So here it is just about collecting money and showing off Bill gates is an example in our society that has money and gives away wealth so it is more of an example of a Prestige Economy The Anthropology of Food Idea is Article what food does for us It does so much then just a way to live Food is more important than sex We have more terms for sex and money than other words It is how we create ties We share food to create bonds Through that we create ties with people We are the only animal that cooks This is important because it is what made our brains We were small brains on legs We started making weapons Hunting and gathering So meat made our brain get bigger we became different We saw fire but man made fire was created Now we were able to get more nutrients due to cooking But now we are moving away from cooking and is causing some problems You are what you eat What we eats shapes our identity Video Corporations cook differently than people do Food addictive Cravability Corporates are cooking different stuff If made by hand hard to make long process and time consuming so people will make it less Expensive Corp easy so people eat more of it making it everyday food Frees up time And less expensive Avoid sodium It is salt We crave salt fat and sugar since we were foragers for most of our past and we did not have a lot of access of it Now we get too much of it Salt makes people bloat just as a side note So if cooked yourself then will eat less Cheetos is airy so people will eat more because will not be fulfilling The flavor makes it taste good and adds to the want of people wanting more We focus more on the enjoyment of food we connect through our food But we do not eat everything There are taboos or association with certain foods There are religions that may prohibit some meat or not eating something There are also associations Would you eat rats here We think dirty but in other cultures they eat it and sees rats as clean If hunting will be eating things that hunters eat If fisher then we will eat fish Could relate to cultural or regional identity Market Exchange involves the use of standardized currencies to buy and sell goods and services Barter a lot of people do this it is a direct exchange of commodities without using currencies 34 eggs for a pound of flour Pig for something else Or 8 months worth of eggs for a very fancy dress


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