CL 113 Lecture 34
CL 113 Lecture 34 CL 113LEC
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Monday April 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 04/25/16
Lecture 34 4/25/16 Four literary cycles (early Irish manuscripts) Division is decided by their focus 1. Mythological Cycle Greatest use/we look at the most Tuatha De Danann ‘The people of the goddess Dana’; at the heart of this cycle 2. Ulster cycle Correlate with province Ulster King Conchobar; greatest warrior: Cuchulainn 3. Fenian cycle Fionn ‘mac’ = Irish name (warrior, son of Cumhaill) 4. Historical cycle/Kings’ Stories about many different Irish kings rd th Various kings that range 3 -7 century A.D. Lebor Gabala Erenn of Ireland—The book of Conquest 5 waves of invasions of Ireland before the Celts 1 wave: Cessair (leader of the wave) Daughter of Bith (son of Noah) o Noah—builds an arc (biblical figure) does not approve of the people Cessair interacts with so he doesn’t save her a spot o She sails away on her own and finds Ireland—first of all beings to come there Expedition consists of 50 women and 3 men (Bith, Fintan ((husband of Cessair), Ladra [steering the boat])) They divide themselves into 3 groups—each group has 1 man o Bith—affiliated with 17 women o Fintan—affiliated with 17 women o Ladra—affiliated with 16 women Ladra dies from an excess of women—the 16 women divide themselves into 2 groups (8 and 8) o Now Bith= 25 women o Fintan= 25 women o Bith dies—the women now go to Fintan (who later leaves all 50 women) Cessair dies from grief Rains for 40 days & 40 nights (biblical flood) o Fintan doesn’t die during flood—he lives in a cave called ‘the Cave of the hill of the wave’ Fintan o Now is a shape shifting figure and ability to live a very long life (and prophet) ‘fabled figure’ o Sole survivor of the 1 wave 2nd wave: Parthalon Son of Japheth (grandson of Noah) Greek; he was exiled from Greece due to a murder Discovers that Ireland is already populated by hideous monsters= Fomoire o War-like; engage in battle with them Different tradition outcomes: 1. Great victory of Parthalon 2. Magical battle—no causalities Him & his followers die when a plague comes to Ireland o EXCEPT for 1 member: Tuan Shape shifter, lives long life, prophetic knowledge rd 3 wave: Nemed Scythian (South of Russia) o Spoke Iranian Encounter Fomoire; engaged in battle several times; they are victorious over them o Eventually they are defeated by Fomoire and they are imprisoned o Slaves of the Fomoire Plague reaches Ireland—some of his followers survive o Slave revolt o Only 30 remaining members of Nemed’s followers; they all escape/flee from Ireland Flee in 3 groups of 10 Three sons of Nemed lead each group 1. Fergus ‘mania/ out of control’ Lethderg o Flee to Britain 2. Starn o Flee to Greece o Fir Bolg (name of evolution of these people in Irish tradition) fir ‘man’ vir =cognate o Make their living by carrying dirt from one place to another 3. Iarbonel o Unlike the other brothers o One who speaks prophetic truth o Flee to the top of the world o Evolved into Tuatha De Danann (people of magic/great knowledge) th 4 wave: Fir Bolg rd Descendents from the 3 wave of invaders Fir ‘man’ vir =cognate Establish the 5 provinces of Ireland, bring kingship, establish justice th 5 wave: Tuatha De Danann ‘The people of the goddess Dana’ Descend by dark clouds into a western province on a mountain top = Connacht After their arrival—three days of darkness o They arrived unlike any people before them Descended from the sky—brought with them four magical implements 1. Stone of Fal ‘Destiny’ o Whenever Irish thrown becomes vacant, it announces identity of the true king of Ireland o 1 function—identifies rightful sovereign 2. Spear of Lug o Whoever possesses will have victory in battle o 2 ndfunction 3. Sword of Nuada o Weapon with no escape o 2 ndfunction 4. Cauldron of the Dagda o Wird never be hungry o 3 function Fir Bolg and Tuatha De Danann are both in Ireland o They both claim to have descendents leading to war for political control First Battle of Mag Tuired
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