PSY 110 Motivation
PSY 110 Motivation PSY 110
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Serena Buckley on Friday March 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 110 at University of Miami taught by Dr. Rod Gillis in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see PSY 110 - Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 03/06/15
Historical Theories of Motivation A Instinct Theory Evolutionary Theory ex Mothers take care of their children because of a maternal instinct ex Humans have a survival instinct does not explain anything we have two driving instincts in our life eros life instinct and thanatos death instinct instinct theories are circular in logic why do women take care of their children Because of maternal instinct why do women have a maternal instinct Because they take care of children Drive Theories Drive Reduction Theory some biological need leads to an uncomfortable drive state that leads us to behavior to reduce drive state was proved untrue because if this were the case a truly happy person would have met all drive states and would do nothing Arousal TheoryOptimal Level Theory YerkesDodson Law we seek an optimal level of stimulation we all have different needs for stimulation mowing the grass jumping off of a mountain YerkesDodson Law is a curvilinear graph graphs the performance v arousal if you have a low level of arousal towards a test you will do poorly on the test You have no motivation to do well if you have a high level of arousal towards a test you will still do poorly on the test The test anxiety is overwhelming medium anxiety evokes the best results D Humanistic Theory Abraham Maslow 1970 did research on self actualization needs hierarchy we are all motivated to meet progressively higher needs as we become selfactualized physiologicalsafetylove and belongingself esteemself actualization 1 Physiological Needs 2 Safety Needs 3 Love and Belonging Needs 4 Esteem Self and Other Needs 5 Cognitive Needs 6 Aesthetic Needs 7 SelfActualization E Social Learning Theory Our motivations are taught to us socially ex Motivated people will have motivated children p Behavior To Reduce Drive 1quot M A fl 1 5 l 39h mU H031 h lit g m l Tu lga