Juvenile Justice CORR 106
Minnesota State University, Mankato
Popular in Introduction to Criminal Justice Systems
Popular in Criminology and Criminal Justice
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Autumn R on Monday April 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CORR 106 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Jessica, Mclaughlin in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Criminal Justice Systems in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Minnesota State University - Mankato.
Reviews for Juvenile Justice
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 04/25/16
3: Juvenile Justice Wednesday, April 20, 2016 6:29 PM History 1800s juveniles had the same treatment as adults o Court, punishment, and jails Immigrant underclass-> child savers-> parens patriae o First group of social workers o Notion that the state has an obligation to take care of disadvantaged kids Criminal tendencies or parental neglect= "refuge" o Notion that kids need treatment not punishment o Hard study and labor was "treatment" 1899 illinois-> childrens court o No jury o Different language Petitions vs warrants Adjudication vs guilty Disposition vs sentence o Non-adversarial relationship Everybody works together Not there to punish, there to rehabilitate o Confidentiality Status Offenses Status offense: an action that is illegal only because of one's age o Tobacco o Alcohol o Truancy (skipping school) o Running away o Curfew o Gambling Juvenile Delinquency Anything crime for adult is crime for a kid Can be one until you are 18 Can be tried as an adult (varies by state) o For more serious crimes Trends 2011 o 8% murder o 19% aggravated assaults o 14% forcible rape o 18% weapons o 19% drug offenses Girls o Declining slower than rates for boys o Harsher response to status crimes (chivalry effect) o Law enforcement treating girls the same as boys o Engage more with family Risk Factors for Juvenile Delinquency Family o Poverty o Family member abuses drug/alcohol o Family member in gang School o Learning disability o Negative labeling by teachers o Disciplinary problems Community o Gangs/drug use in neighborhood o Availability of guns o High crime/danger Peers o Delinquent friends o Friends use drugs or are involved in gangs o Lack of positive peer pressure Individual o Tendency toward aggressive behavior o Easily bored or struggle to concentrate o Alcohol or drug use Other factors Age of onset Aging out o Studies show that as individuals mature most people tend to taper and not engage in the delinquent behaviors o Desisting from criminality Substance abuse o Causation vs correlation o Nothing says that abuse causes crime o Stronger correlation for girls Abuse and neglect victims o 50% higher chance of ending up in some sort of delinquency o MAJOR FACTOR Gangs o Join for protection, socialization, and peer acceptance Guns o Availability Chart of Differences in Court Juvenile Adult Arrest Can be arrested for status offenses Crime only Proceeding Informal; private Public, structured s Release To guardian Bail? Searches Can be searched at school without No search without probable probable cause cause Purpose Rehabilitate Punish Sentencing Facilities Jail/prison Death None some penalty
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'