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Juvenile Justice

by: Autumn R
Autumn R
Minnesota State University, Mankato
GPA 3.9

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About this Document

This material covered more detailed notes of the power points based on in class discussion.
Introduction to Criminal Justice Systems
Jessica, Mclaughlin
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Autumn R on Monday April 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CORR 106 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Jessica, Mclaughlin in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Criminal Justice Systems in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Minnesota State University - Mankato.

Similar to CORR 106 at Minnesota State University, Mankato

Popular in Criminology and Criminal Justice


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Date Created: 04/25/16
3: Juvenile Justice Wednesday, April 20, 2016 6:29 PM History  1800s juveniles had the same treatment as adults o Court, punishment, and jails  Immigrant underclass-> child savers-> parens patriae o First group of social workers o Notion that the state has an obligation to take care of disadvantaged kids  Criminal tendencies or parental neglect= "refuge" o Notion that kids need treatment not punishment o Hard study and labor was "treatment"  1899 illinois-> childrens court o No jury o Different language  Petitions vs warrants  Adjudication vs guilty  Disposition vs sentence o Non-adversarial relationship  Everybody works together  Not there to punish, there to rehabilitate o Confidentiality Status Offenses  Status offense: an action that is illegal only because of one's age o Tobacco o Alcohol o Truancy (skipping school) o Running away o Curfew o Gambling Juvenile Delinquency  Anything crime for adult is crime for a kid  Can be one until you are 18  Can be tried as an adult (varies by state) o For more serious crimes Trends  2011 o 8% murder o 19% aggravated assaults o 14% forcible rape o 18% weapons o 19% drug offenses  Girls o Declining slower than rates for boys o Harsher response to status crimes (chivalry effect) o Law enforcement treating girls the same as boys o Engage more with family Risk Factors for Juvenile Delinquency  Family o Poverty o Family member abuses drug/alcohol o Family member in gang  School o Learning disability o Negative labeling by teachers o Disciplinary problems  Community o Gangs/drug use in neighborhood o Availability of guns o High crime/danger  Peers o Delinquent friends o Friends use drugs or are involved in gangs o Lack of positive peer pressure  Individual o Tendency toward aggressive behavior o Easily bored or struggle to concentrate o Alcohol or drug use Other factors  Age of onset  Aging out o Studies show that as individuals mature most people tend to taper and not engage in the delinquent behaviors o Desisting from criminality  Substance abuse o Causation vs correlation o Nothing says that abuse causes crime o Stronger correlation for girls  Abuse and neglect victims o 50% higher chance of ending up in some sort of delinquency o MAJOR FACTOR  Gangs o Join for protection, socialization, and peer acceptance  Guns o Availability Chart of Differences in Court Juvenile Adult Arrest Can be arrested for status offenses Crime only Proceeding Informal; private Public, structured s Release To guardian Bail? Searches Can be searched at school without No search without probable probable cause cause Purpose Rehabilitate Punish Sentencing Facilities Jail/prison Death None some penalty


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