South East Asia
South East Asia GEO3120
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amaris Mae on Saturday March 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GEO3120 at George Washington University taught by Dymond in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 87 views. For similar materials see World Regional Geography in Geography at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 03/07/15
South East Asia Myanmar Malaysia Borneo Island formation in the center of South East Asia Malay Brunei state on the top of the island Indonesia state on the lower half of the island 17000 islands Huge longitudinal expanse Compact State Ex Cambodia Areas should be equally connected or isolated People should theoretically feel more connected to the government Protruding State A signi cant compact type piece and territorial extension from that piece Ex Burma and Thailand The protruding piece may also be marginalized It is physically distanced harder to reach by infrastructure Increased military challenge Cultural difference Ex southern Thailand has more identi cation with Malayan in uences rather than the Buddhist in uences in mainland Thailand Example of situational geography Elongated State Where the length is 6x more than the width not precise so this won t be a fact on the test Ex Vietnam Chile is the best example of an elongated state Cultural divide North and South US and USSR exploited the geographic and political divide North more tradition communist structure South free market structure Fragmented State Water or another political territory separates your polity Indonesia is over a vast longitudinal space quotUnity in diversityquot Over this space you have various cultures and identities Government needs to create a national identity of Indonesians Aceh province further west in Indonesia had a secessionist movement has died since Meanwhile Philippines is close in space despite being multiple islands Perforated State Not a great example in South East Asia A country with a whole in it South Africa is perforated by Lesotho Lesotho is completely surrounded by South Africa Leaves the perforated state at the will of the state it is in Due to trade However the perforated state may have greater unity because it is at such odds with its direct neighbor Physical Geography Climate Hot Wet Maritime Tropical latitude Everyone is near the water affects everyone Modi es the climate Rivers Irrawaddy Major river of Burma Transportation and communications Word of mouth up the rivers Infrastructure of the river quotIf a river moves people a lot it is a communications riverquot 1300 miles long Navigable for 870 miles Flows from North to South Empties into the Andaman Sea Situated in that delta is Yangon Rangoon quotIt39s no longer the capital of Burma But who gives a shitquot ACTUAL QUOTE FROM JOE The real power is still in Rangoon The new capital is a ghost town Naypyidaw Good 50 but ood prone aong river Salween River 1740 miles long Originates in the Tibetan Plateau Very important Especiay during the monsoon season snow on the Tibetan plateau melts and river water ows Only navigable for 74 miles Freshwater source Human consumption and agriculture Lets out to the right of Rangoon Mekong Originates in Tibetan Plateau Very close to Salween for a period of time But the Mekong lets out in South China Sea in a vast delta in southern Vietnam Just to the left of Ho Chi Minh City Longest river in South East Asia Forms the border between Burma and Laos And between Thailand and Laos Flows through Cambodia and then into Vietnam 6 countries China Burma Laos Cambodia Thailand Vietnam Poitica issues Very polluted river Starts in China So every downstream country feel the effects of every upstream country Every country changes the ow and the pollution Affects Vietnam the most ironic since they use it the most for agriculture Construction of dams Geology Eurasian plate is converging with the Indian plate Indian plate arcs around Australia Islands along this arc quotBurma platequot subcontinental plate Active volcanoes along the plate margins Indian plate Philippines plate Acting against het Paci c plate and the Eurasian plate Moving east and west Manila Trench Tsunami Tsu harbor Name wave No plural form of the word ThaHand Tsunami was a megathrust earthquake come from convergence tectonics In Open Water Tsunami may travel 200500 mph Wavelength may be several miles to 105 of miles wide May only be 3 feet high Tsunami Dynamics Slow and build height as they approach the coast Ocean along coasts withdraws prior to strike not always Arrive as several waves andor a quot oodquot of sea water Generation Megathrust convergent earthquakes Underwater landslides Displace a lot of water Eastern US Volcanic eruptions Meteors December 26th 2004 Indian plate subducted under the Eurasian plate 90 megathrust other records say 93 Sumatra Island in Indonesia Ache got hit rst Then Thailand Then Sri Lanka and even went to Africa Greatest impacts were greater hit Reaction time was greater for those that were further away Phuket heavily affected Banda Aceh City in Aceh area of Indonesia Heavily affected India Plate Slides beneath Eurasian Burma plate Meets pockets of resistance Compressional forces build up Top plate is lifted up Underwater Water is displaced Waves Earthquake lnitial rupture likely more than 62 miles long The overriding plate was lifted up 4550 feet Maybe 745 miles of plate boundary eventually quotslippedquot Vertical land displacement under ocean displaces water Vertical water displacement several meters Sri Lanka Global Efforts Pledged billions Some debt cancellation International relief in all formphysical on site Geography played a role in relief efforts Use of GIS to see what most was affected Attempted cooperation between 3 world regions lnternet impact HUGE America was weary post 911 world Worried about aiding governments that were footholds of terrorism Donor Fatigue Other key disasters that got global attention So much money had gone to Sri Lanka that other events did not garner enough money Total Dead and Missing 290000 lapan Most prepared country for Tsunamis prior to the wave 15000 deaths Nuclear disaster leaks and potential for more signi cant leaking Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Okuma Japan Population High density Especially in Malaysia High reliefs push everyone into lowlands lndone a One of the largest in population Largest Muslim population Java is extremely high density 3000 people per square mile 141000000 people Culturally political economic core Extremely mountainous islands and volcanic activity Affects density Very packed into the habitual low lands Borneo Lowest population density in the region Singapore 35 times the area of DC Population pressure is a problem Area of 244 and density of 22540 Manhattan has a density of 51613 and an area of 31 Singapore One main island 6063 islands surrounding that Right off the tip of the Malay Peninsula Bridge across the strait ofJohor to the mainland 1312 of all maritime trade passes through the South China Sea Singapore is in a vital location Singapore is a vast deep water port And relatively protected It is an island a country and a city state Singapore is building islands Out of garbage Creating land ll and trying to expand the new island Why Need more living space To burn trash away from the city and people Nature reserve Reservoirs for drinking water Drinking water is an issue in Singapore Not enough water for the population Not even with the amount of rainfall a year Import water from Malaysia Despite tension between the two Ethnicity 1 Chinese a 34 of the population 2 Malay a 15 of the population 3 Indian a Historically southern Indian i Brought by British b 7 4 Mixture of foreigners Religion Buddhism number one religion Islam practiced by the Malay Christian Hindu Language English one of the official languages Because of British enterprise Language of International Business Manda n Malay Tamal Indian population Public education is bilingual English take your pick Raf es British East India Company He made Singapore important Singapore is trying to establish a Singaporean identity 1 family 1 political party has ruled since this is a country in 19705 This is not a resource rich island Made Singapore an Entrepot Middleman Singapore Planned Parenthood Used to encourage educated families to reproduce But poorer families were encouraged to not have children or to have only one Singaporean Status Easy to get in if you have something to bring to the table If you have connections money power Also easy to get in on the opposite side of the spectrum for labor Singaporeans need maids etc Singapore calls itself a green city
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