HIST 1376 notes
Popular in U.S History
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Yousef Afifi on Saturday March 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 1376 at University of Houston taught by Dr. Lawrence Curry in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 233 views. For similar materials see U.S History in History at University of Houston.
Reviews for HIST 1376 notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 03/07/15
HIST 1376 02232015 Federalists loved England and hated France Jeffersonians followers of Thomas Jefferson liked France and federalists hated jeffersonians as a result Federalists saw the mob as a threat The Federalists wanted to restrict the danger of the mob by making certain the most economic interests were tied to the new government by economic selfinterest These nancial programs were proposed by Alexander Hamilton and were outlined by 2 goals The rst outline was ensuring the prosperity of the able bodied and the second was reinforcing the ef ciency of the plan Three main factors of the plan Fund national debt at par level par level pertains to the paying of debt at the full face value of each currency billThis would be funded by the funding for the creation of new national bonds to be sold to speculators and businessmen in order to better Americas credit as well as increase their economic ties to the government Assume state debts this debt would also be paid off at par level The creation of a national bank this would regulate the ow of capital and stimulate the economy Although these were economically sound goals hamiltons goals were ultimately political He believed that if the plan worked there would be consequences Summary Alexander Hamilton was a realistic political leader who symbolized a federalist philosophy of government and built a strong and effective political party The French revolution in 1789 resulted in the appointment of the directorate as the central governing body of France The directorate wanted to reacquire the land it lost from Britain in the FrenchIndian war The French appointed indian chiefs as generals in the army brought the Louisiana purchase from Spain and several American vessels were captured by France By 1797 France and America were nearly at war In October 1797 the quotXYZ Affair occurred The XYZ AffairMillions for defense not one cent for tribute John Adams attempted to resolve the situation by sending 3 diplomats to France After arriving in Paris 3 French of cials named X Y and Z demanded a 250000 bribe a public apology and a 1000000 loan from America to merely acquire a meeting with the foreign minister After the American of cials refused they reported the happening back to the president John Adams president was furious and he reported the situation to congress The congress declared millions for defense not one cent for tributequot This increased the popularity of the Federalist party and decreased the popularity of the Jeffersonians The event prompted congress to pass the Naturalization and Aliensedition acts in 1798 US History 022 52015 Some basic Jeffersonian values limited government accountability of public officials dispersal of powers Respect of individual privacy Jefferson s political philosophy Belief in natural rights Faith in reason Idealism a belief in progress optimism hope for perfection the necessity of education for men Jefferson was in uenced by his environment he grew up in a prosperous setting in Virginia Jefferson s Social Attitudes Faith in the yeoman farmers Faith in independent citizens A fear of the urban working class A fear of slaves Blind to the rising industrial revolution Jefferson was a republican The origins of the Jeffersonian republicans include the fierce opposition of Alexander Hamilton s economic plan arguing it did not benefit the poor Major Political characteristics of Jeffersonianism Were Moderate Nationalistsand believed that the Hamiltonian nationalists were attempting to make the government too strong Jefferson believed that Congress only had the authority to act upon enumerated powers and that implied powers were inadmissible Limited Government quotthat government is best which governs least The Virginia and Kentucky resolutions emphasis on states rights and written to argue the unconstitutionality of the alien and sedition acts Virginia resolutions Written by James Madison Madison argued the constitution was a compact among states States could decide whether federal law was constitutional Kentucky resolutions Written anonymously by Thomas Jefferson One state could decide whether or not a federal law was constitutional Consequences Although both States passed the law no other states agreed and none of them passed it However the resolutions were signi cant because they raised an important constitutional question Which government was soverign the state of the federal Also became precedents for later states rights arguments The South Represent high tide of Jeffersonian insistence on doctrine of states rights
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'