Medieval Art History, Week 12
Medieval Art History, Week 12 ART 483, Art History
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Mason on Monday April 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 483, Art History at Fort Hays State University taught by Erica Bittel in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Medieval Art History in Art at Fort Hays State University.
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Date Created: 04/25/16
th April 11 , 2016 Medieval Art – Carolingian, Romanesque, and Gothic Art and Architecture Textbook pages 101-126, 191-226, 227-258 • Charlemagne – Charles the Great, helped unite the diverse cultures and people of Europe, instigated the Carolingian Renaissance, from the migratory culture of the Franks • Carolingian Renaissance – revival in politics, literature, and the arts • KhanAcademy.com – Charlemagne – An Introduction (1/20 • KhanAchademy.com – Charlemagne and the Carolingian Revival part 1 • Reconstructed drawing of the Palace Chapel of Chalemagne (now the Cathedral of Aachen), constructed 792-805, Aachen, Germany • Westwork – a vertical extension of the narthrax; helps to balance out the church a little bit • Interior of the Palace of Charlemagne (now the Cathedral of Aachen), constructed 792-805, Aachen, Germany • Plan of the Abbey of Saint Gall (redrawn), ca. 817, original in red ink on parchment • Abbey – church associated with monastery • Cloister – arcaded courtyard with a garden and well, links the living areas for the monks with the church itself April 15 , 2016 Medieval Art – Carolingian, Romanesque, and Gothic Art and Architecture Textbook pages 101-126, 191-226, 227-258 • Scriptorium – a place where manuscripts were produced • Matthew the Evangelist from the Ebbo Gospels, ca. 816-840, ink and color on vellum o Made with very quick liner marks o He’s agitated o Made for Archbishop Ebbo • Khanacdemy.com – Saint Matthew from Ebbo Gospels • Crucifixion with Angels and Mourning Figures, outer cover of the Lindau Gospels, ca. 870-880, gold, pearls, and gems • Repoussé – shaped by hammering the reverse side to create a design in low-relief; had to be done with softer metal • Khanacademy.com – Lindau Gospels Cover, ca. 870 • Bishop Bernward Doors, made for the Abbey Church of Saint Michael, 1015, bronze, Hildesheim, Germany • Moved from the Carolingian period to the Ottonian period • Ottonian Empire = Holy Roman Empire • 16 ½ ft in height • Left door: contains scenes from the Book of Genesis, read from top to bottom • Right door: depicts scenes from the life of Christ, read from bottom to top • Marks the passage of sin to salvation, that’s why we’re reading it at such a weird way • Bishop Bernward Doors (detail), made for the Abbey Church of Saint Michael, 1015, bronze, Hildesheim, Germany The Romanesque • Romanesque literally means “in the Roman manner” th th o The period dates to the 11 and 12 centuries • During this period, Europe is divided into small units, generally ruled by powerful families o Feudal system – involves the exchange of land for service, peasants worked land for families and in return food, housing, and protection • Secular and religious authority were tightly intertwined o The Crusades – a series of military expeditions against Muslim power, they failed but enabled cultural exchange between the East and the West • A focus on learning and trade allowed the arts to flourish
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