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Week 6: Chapter 14- Australia and Oceania

by: Kylie Kreischer

Week 6: Chapter 14- Australia and Oceania GEOG:1090

Marketplace > University of Iowa > Geography > GEOG:1090 > Week 6 Chapter 14 Australia and Oceania
Kylie Kreischer
GPA 3.96
Globalization and Geographic Diversity
C. E. Pavlik

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Globalization and Geographic Diversity
C. E. Pavlik
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kylie Kreischer on Saturday March 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG:1090 at University of Iowa taught by C. E. Pavlik in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Globalization and Geographic Diversity in Geography at University of Iowa.


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Date Created: 03/07/15
Chapter 14 Australia and Oceania Oceania collection of islands that reaches from New Guinea and New Zealand to the US state of Hawaii Nauru Demonstrates mixed consequences of globalization Small island in the Pacific Granted mining rights to Australia and had an economic boom Small population enjoys of the world s highest per capita incomes Has one of the highest rates of diabetes after importing junk food rather than eating shellfish fruits and vegetables Phosphate resources are now exhausted Tried to capitalize on global mobility by building a prison for Australia Now has become a poster child for mixed benefits of globalization Overview of the Region Polynesia quotmany islands 0 New Zealand Melanesia western part of Oceania dark islands Micronesia more culturally diverse region small islands Environmental Geography A Varied Natural and Human Habitat Global Resource Pressures Mining operations Deforestation Climate Change in Oceania Bleaching of the Great Barrier Reef Has not ratified the Kyoto Protocol possibly because they are the leading expo erofcoal Degrading fishing problems from warmer sea water temperatures Australia and New Zealand Climates One of the most urbanized societies Outback a sparsely settled land of sweeping distances and stubby vegetation Landform regions 0 Western Plateau 0 Interior Lowland Basins 0 Great Dividing Range 0 Great Barrier Reef 0 Pacific Ring of Fire Climate 0 Wet and dry season 0 Malle vegetation that is a scrubby eucalyptus woodland Environments of Oceania Creating island landforms o Volcanic eruptions o Earthquakes o Tsunamis earthquake induced sea waves 0 High islands formed by volcanos 0 Hot spot where slowly moving oceanic curst passes over a vast supply of magma from Earth s interior thus creating a chain of volcanic islands 0 Atoll combination of narrow sandy islands barrier coral reefs and show central lagoons Island climates o Abundant precipitation o Dense tropical forest Population and Settlement A Diverse Cultural Landscape European settlement Contemporary population patterns 0 One of the most urbanized populations in the world Historical Settlement 0 New Guinea and Australia were settled in first 0 Aborigine ancestors of today s native Australian European colonization Place where convicts were exiled Lure of gold agriculture and stockraising potential Aborigines displaced Lush and fertile lands of New Zealand also attracted British settlers European whalers arrived Settlement Lanscapes Mixture of local and global influences Urban transformation 0 Western style urban environments Rural scene 0 Most is too dry for farming o Viticulture grape cultivation New Zealand rural scene characterized by livestock Rural Ocean characterized by fishing Diverse Demographic Paths Rapid growth from natural increase in 20th century Now grown takes place from immigration Controversy over whether Australia has a population crisis and whether it is too much or not enough Cultural Coherence and Diversity A Global Crossroads Multicultural Australia Dominated by colonial European roots Aboriginal imprints indigenous people of Australia 0 People used to live in tribal groups that were isolated led to many languages spoke 0 Many languages still spoken today Land of immigrants o 70 of Australian population is British or Irish heritage o Kankas Pacific island laborers 0 White Australia Policy nonwhite migrations to the country were strictly limited 0 Today 25 ofAustralia s population is foreign born Cultural Patterns in New Zealand 0 Maori native people 0 Largely British heritage o Tied very close to Australia the US and Europe Mosaic of Pacific culture 0 Language geography Austronesian language family that encompasses most of the Oceania languages 0 Village life External Cultural Influences and Interactions Haoles light skinned European and American foreigners American Football Connection Geopolitical Framework A region of Dynamic Polities Roads to Independence Microstates usually independent states that are small in both area and population Slowly areas have gained their independence Australia and New Zealand first to gain their rights Persistent Geopoltical Tensions Native Rights in Australia and New Zealand 0 Native Title Bill compensated Aborigines for lands already given up and gave them the right to gain title to unclaimed lands they still occupied


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