Week 4: Women's Suffrage
Week 4: Women's Suffrage JMC:1200:0AAA
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kylie Kreischer on Sunday March 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to JMC:1200:0AAA at University of Iowa taught by Frank Durham in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see Media History and Culture in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Iowa.
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Date Created: 03/08/15
Chapter 3 Women s Suffrage Women s Wrongs Stanton s marriage in unconventional terms altered the traditional wife s vow to love honor and obey Went to Worlds AntiSlavery Convention 0 Bar women s participation how to sit in the Ladies Section 0 Not allowed to speak or vote 0 Garrison was outraged and sat in the Ladies Section Women were forbidden from owning property o If she married property was given to husband including wages No legal defense against abuse or rape No right to custody of children Could not serve on juries attend college or enter a profession or make contracts Could not vote Patriarchy a set of values and practices that privilege men at the expense of women Hegemony a system of meaning that works to secure broad consent for inequitable social and optical arrangements 0 ex Cult of True Womanhood the thought that women were housekeepers and men were suited for business and political Seneca Falls Convention Elizabeth Stanton was very happy to oversee the house when she lived in a stately home in Boston When they moved to NY she suffered from mental hunger Elizabeth Cady Stanton listened to hypocritical claims ofjustice and equality and wanted to address women s rights with Lucretia Mott Created the Declaration of Rights and Sentiments resembled the Declaration of Independence o Scandalous to the mainstream 0 Used similar language to Thomas Jefferson Stanton broke the unwritten rule and rose to speak in public about politics Frederick Douglass supported this movement and wrote about it in the North Star Stanton allies with Susan B Anthony The Movement Splits 1865 abolition of slavery amp the 13th Amendment 0 14th Amendement granted citizenship and the right to vote for blacks in 1868 0 Although they didn t have a real right to vote until 1960s civil rights movement 0 Specifically stated that males could only vote Further barrier in the movement Annual meeting of the Equal Rights Association in NY 1869 o Suffrage reached a breaking point 0 Revealed the classist and racist presumptions of her worldview very radical o Douglass spoke against Stanton and urged the attendees to back the 15th Amendment and they did National Women s Suffrage Association 0 Stanton and Anthony 0 Men could not serve in the leadership radical approach 0 Lucy Stone organized a more moderate alternative the American Women s Suffrage Association Far larger Then allowed to have women and men on leadership Split in the movement dived financial and human resources 0 Two distinct visions of the movement The Revolution 0 Stanton and Anthony 0 Highlighted women s issues and accomplishments o Aggressive tone 0 Reference to religious authority which worked in the abolition movement 0 ex lnfanticide and Prostitution 0 Low circulation and high debts caused it to shut down after 2 years common result of radical publications 1872 Anthony arrested for illegally voting in Presidential election Proposed an amendment for women s rights 0 Failed to convince Senate Stone s Women s Journal 0 More mainstream work 0 Ft work of Julia Ward Howe more optimistic o Attracted financial support which made it more successful 60 years 1920 Amendment that granted women the right to vote 0 Did not equal universal acceptance Lecture 6 Women s Suffrage Outline Timeline Historical context The status quo for American women 1848 The American revolution for women The patriarchal press reacts The Women s Press Trajectory chart Maternalism the idea that women were better suited to work at home and most powerful doing their traditional domes Historial Context What changed in Europe in 1848 to make democracy possible 0 The Hapsburg Empire ended In the US US Mexican War 18461848 Where were William Lloyd Garrison and Frederick Douglass on the war Why Timeline 18461848 US Mexican War 1848 July Seneca Falls meeting 1850s Women suffrage movement active 0 Media was the glue that helped get people together 1865 13th Amendment ended slavery 1868 14th Amendment equal treatment male suffrage only 1868 15th Amendment vote for blacks former slaves but not women 1869 Stanton and Anthony split with Stone to form National Woman Suffrage Association NWSA 0 Issues Frustration impatience 0 Race gender and the 15th Amendment 18691870 Publishes The Revolution radical commentary Not persuasive Wrong rhetoric Racist frame vs vote for black men 0 18701917 Stone publishes Woman s Journal 0 1870 American Woman Suffrage Association Stone conservative gradualist More maternalist 0 18701890 Height of suffrage campaigns 0 1890 NWSA merges with AWSA to form NAWSA o 1907 Women39s Political Union 0 1913 National Women s Party 0 0 Nov 1913 Feb 1921 The Suffragist published by NAWSA Alice Paul Radical tone 0 1920 the 19th Amendment passes giving women the right to vote The Status Quo for American Women 1848 Traditional women s publications 0 Ladies Magazine est 1792 o The Dessert to the True American 1799 Traditional premovement ideology re women 0 That state of subjection o The habit of obedience o ldealizing the docile women 0 The American Revolution for Women Seneca Falls 0 Many Biblical claims 0 Must be critical of claims The Patriarchal Press Reacts Mainstream press reacted negatively 0 Rochester Daily Democrat o The Mechanic s Advocate Albany NY 0 The New York Herald 0 James Gordon Bennett 0 The New York Sun The Women s Press follows the example of abolitionist press 1 The Revolution 18681870 0 Founded by Stanton and Anthony NWSA 2 Women s Journal 0 Founded by Lucy Stone AWSA 18701933 3 Women s Era o Josephine St PierreRuffine Movement Keeps Moving 1918 US House of Rep passes 19th Amendment 1920 Ratification complete Now Answer What was the status quo for American women How did advocacy journalism contribute to social change in the women s suffrage What are the connectionssimilarities between the abolitionist press and the women s press What were the conflictstensions within the suffrage movement Lecture 7 Women s Suffrage Cont Today s Questions What is patriarchy What is a social movement 0 What are the blind sports for the suffrage movement Comparison of the Suffragist and the Revolution Outline Timeline Social movements and media Blind spots race and class Trajectory chart Timeline 1869 National Woman Suffrage Association was founded by Stanton and Anthony 18681870 The Revolution AnthonyStanton NWSA 1869 The Woman s Journal founded by Mott AWSA NWSA merges with AWSA to form NAWSA Nov 1913 Feb 1921 The Suffragist published by NAWSA Alice Paul 1917 Congressional Union leaves NAWSA to become National Woman s Party Feb 1918 Suffragist circulation peaks at 5599 copies June 4 1919 approved by Senate vote Aug 26 1920 19th Amendement is ratified Social Movements and Media Suffrage the right to vote Activism refers to a political action or action for social change Patriarchy a male dominated society 0 Represented in the goals outlined by Stanton and Anthony in the Revolution and later in the Suffragist to argue for egalitarianism Revamping marriage laws Property rights Child custody Women s dress Access to professions The right to vote Social movements bearers of new social ideas temporary often become institutionalized into the mainstream Movement tactics through the Suffragist Picketing the White House 0 Begins when the US enters WWI Marching Publishing the Suffragist Suffragist 8 page weekly tabloid newspaper Provided a forum for women s political voices Played a crucial role in the picketing saga 0 Recorded protests and arrests Provokedpersuaded President Woodrow Wilson Was NOT subject to the Sedition Act 0 Banning of certain publications after the Red Scare Reported their version of the facts to persuade people Unified the readers to take action How to protest to Congress 0 Letters 0 Telegrams 0 Petitions o Editorials By picketing By writing firstperson accounts of prison By sending the to the president and Congress Media frame ex The Suffragist allows people to know the same things at the same time Irving Goffman frame as timespace intersection Alice Paul 1885977 Radical Led Congressional Union until 1917 when it became the National Women s Party Quaker 0 Religion often has something to do with a movement Tried to embarrass the president to get under his skin to make a change Lucy Burns 18791966 Suffragist feminist activist and leader in the Congressional Union for Suffrage and the National Woman s Party Worked with Paul Radicalization an act or event that moves a person to action beyond the boundaries of social norms often a violent act by dominant powers Nina Allender Graphic artist political cartoonist Radical The Suffragist s Blind Spots Class and Race The NWP was elitist racist and narrowly focused
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