Chapter 5 & 7 Quizzes
Chapter 5 & 7 Quizzes PSYC 3350
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by lambdalambdalambdas on Sunday March 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3350 at University of Houston taught by Victoria Wagner in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 1180 views. For similar materials see Intro to Cognitive Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Houston.
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Date Created: 03/08/15
In listlearning experiments participants performance in the prerecency portion of the curve will be improved by Selected Answer QC employing more common familiar words Answers A employing a longer list of words B distracting participants for a momentjust after the lists end c employing more common familiar words D presenting the list of words more quickly Question 2 1 out of1 points In a pegword system participants help themselves memorize a group of items by Selected Ans A associating each item with some part of an already memorized framework or skeleton Answers A associating each item with some part of an already memorized framework or skeleton B placing each item in its appropriate semantic category C forming an elaborate sentence about each of the items to be remembered Question 3 D naming the items to themselves over and over again 1 out of 1 points Participants in an experiment were asked to keep track of the most receI word they had heard that started with a Therefore participants shou report gravy after hearing the sequence girl grump hat scissors whistle pen radio bed foot glass lantern gravy Later participants ar asked to report back all the G quotwords they heard Then we would expelt Selected Answer Answers Question 4 B poor recollection of all the G quotwords because the situation invites maintenance rehearsal A poor recollection of the early words in the list but good recollection of the words in the middle of the list B poor recollection of all the G quotwords because the situation invites maintenance rehearsal C good recollection of all the words because participants were able to concentrate their attention on the task and rehearsed only one word at a time D good recollection of grump since this word was in the participants thoughts for a long time while they were waiting for glass 1 out of 1 points When recalling a list of letters eg T O D F P A E G participants may group the letters into syllables for future recall eg TO DIF Whic of these answers is a potential problem for this strategy Selected Answer Answers Question 5 D The chunking process requires resources and this mallt rehearsal more difficult A The use of syllables extends the primacy and recency effects B The process of converting letters into syllables uses resources that often interfere with memory recall C Syllables are often nonsensical and so they can disrupt the recall task D The chunking process requires resources and this mallt rehearsal more difficult 1 out of 1 points According to the modal model of memory words presented early in a list are easier to remember than words presented later because Selected Ansv 3 Answers the early words receive more of the participants attention than the later words A they are still residing in working memory at the time oi the test B the early words receive more of the participants attention than the later words C the early words suffer from less interference than the later words D participants are particularly alert at the beginning of the list presentation Question 6 1 out of1 points In general any technique designed to improve memory is referred to as Selected Answer B a mnemonic strategy Answers A the method of repetition B a mnemonic strategy 0 memory rehearsal D the method of loci Question 7 1 out of1 points Peter has a higher working memory capacity than Josh Given previous correlational evidence who would you expect performs better on intelligence tests Selected Answer A Peter Answers A Question 8 Peter B We cannot tell C Josh D They are equally intelligent 1 out of 1 points Which of the following groups is MOST likely to remember the material they are studying Selected Answer Answers D Group 4 has no intention of memorizing the words and attempts to determine how the words are related to one another A Group 2 intends to memorize a series of words and while studying pays attention to the exact appearance of the words B Group 1 intends to memorize a series of words and wh studying repeats the words mechanically over and we again 0 Group 3 has no intention of memorizing the words and searches the list for spelling errors D Group 4 has no intention of memorizing the words and attempts to determine how the words are related to one another Question 9 1 out of1 points Data indicate that all things being equal recall performance will be BES materials are encoded with processing Selected Answer 3 deep Answers A shallow EB deep 0 intermediate D sensory Question 10 1 out of1 points Early estimates of workingmemory capacity relied on the digitspan tas The data indicate working memory capacity to be Selected Answer A around 7 items Answers A around 7 items B 2 or 3 items C 10 to 14 items D around 20 items cold and flake which word will people be If given a list of the words white winter MOST likely to erroneously report on a later memory test Selected Answer b snow Correct Answer b snow Question 2 0 out of1 points Which of the following claims about memory accuracy is NOT true Correct g Answer Participants are sometimes mistaken in their recollection of an event s minor details but do not create an entirely new false memory Question 3 1 out of1 points Which of the following refers to the hypothesis that memories fade or erode with the passage of time Selected Answer a decay Correct Answer a decay Question 4 1 out of1 points An eyewitness to a crime is quite confident that his memory of the crime is correct In evaluating the eyewitness s testimony the jury should note that Selected Answer d memory confidence is a poor indicator of memory accuracy Correct Answer d memory confidence is a poor indicator of memory accuracy Question 5 1 out of1 points The memory that contains the full recollection of our lives is referred to as memory Selected Answer 1 C autobiographical Correct Answer C autobiographical Question 6 1 out of1 points In the process of memory consolidation memories are Selected Answer C biologically cemented into place Correct Answer C biologically cemented into place Question 7 1 out of1 points Our selfschema is NOT likely to include Selected Answer b accurate memories about poor grades Correct Answer b accurate memories about poor grades Question 8 1 out of1 points An expert is asked to comment on the confidence accuracy relationship of an eyewitness s report The expert will state that Selected Answer g confidence levels are a poor indicator of the accuracy of rec Correct Answer lo confidence levels are a poor indicator of the accuracy of rec Question 9 1 out of1 points Which of the following is NOT true of memory Selected Answer d Amnesia can be cured by probing the brain with electrodes Correct Answer Ed Amnesia can be cured by probing the brain with electrodes Question 10 1 out of1 points Emotion has multiple effects on the encoding and retrieval of memories Which oft following is MOST likely to occur during the recall of everyday emotional events Selected r b Answer accurate recall of the event s gist ie the emotional event s center but relatively poor recall of the event s background detz periphery
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