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SOC030 Lesson 7 - Cohabitation

by: Katrina Iobst

SOC030 Lesson 7 - Cohabitation SOC030

Marketplace > Sociology > SOC030 > SOC030 Lesson 7 Cohabitation
Katrina Iobst
Penn State
Sociology of the Family
Dr. Silver

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About this Document

Notes from week seven of Dr. Silver's Sociology of the Family. Topics include the definition of cohabitation and statistics, the family processes involved in cohabitation, same sex & heterosexual c...
Sociology of the Family
Dr. Silver
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katrina Iobst on Monday March 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC030 at a university taught by Dr. Silver in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 208 views.

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Date Created: 03/09/15
SOC030 Lesson 7 Cohabitation Cohabitation Two unmarried adults in a sexual relationship sharing the same household 0 Usually heterosexual because they have the option of getting married why are they not 0 Samesex couples more likely don t have the option to get married based on their location 0 Early 19705 cohabitation moves into the middle class starts with college students 0 Previously happened in fringe of society mainly the poor 0 Marriage was typically about combining nancial assets so it didn t bene t people with no assets 0 Brought sexual relationship out in the open 0 How common 0 60 of women in their 305 had cohabited at least once circa early 20005 0 76 million heterosexual cohabiting households circa 2011 census 0 62 of marriages began as a cohabitation between the spouses circa early 20005 0 Approx 500000 samesex cohabiting households Familv Processes Short and less stable than marriages 0 Less commitment to relationship 0 Unclear future of relationship 0 Less clear social norms to guide cohabiters requires conversation about status of the relationship and agreements about expectations which can lead to opportunities for con ict amp misunderstanding 0 Less support from family amp friends not as serious as a marriage easy to break up like a relationship 0 Kids 0 40 of heterosexual cohabiting households include children under 18 circa 2011 Born to the 2 partners or children of divorce 0 How does it affect kids Not the best situation for children Greater uncertainty of relationship creates stress in parenting quotWill my partner stayquot Parenting role of partner is a gray area Higher likelihood or breakup increases risk of instability in child s life oz Emotional loss of quotparent figure watch biological parent be upset oz Physical changes such as houses schools routines 0 POV of parents amp kids can differ Same Sex amp Heterosexual Cohabitation Similar in relationship quality amp con ict areas 0 Finances 0 Attention amp sex 0 Criticalness of partner 0 Household work Samesex couples more effective at handling con ict 0 Better at listening 0 Better at taking other partner s POV 0 Similar communication styles between same sexes Samesex couples feel less supported by family Stressful Does Cohabitation Affect Marriage 0 quotThe most important reason to cohabit is to test your relationship for marriagequot 0 Reading national cohabiters 1935 51 of men 56 of women said yes 0 Soc 30 64 men 65 women said yes 0 Beware of Ecological Fallacy when we believe that research results are predictions true for aH people 0 Research is about general patterns amp predicting likelihood via averages NOT about predicting the future for individual people 0 There are always outliers 3 Prospective on Cohabiting Before Marriage 1 Drifting vs Deciding o Drifting Uncertainty Not talking about the future no quotWhat does this mean about usquot Not sure about the next level Doing it for other reasons than commitment it s about convenience not the relationship itself Different ideas about relationship unclear de nition of situation 0 Deciding Commitment to the personrelationship Discussion about future together Actively choosing next level of relationship Both agree on de nition of situation 0 Factors can exert pressure on us to drift Family Cultural quottime linesquot Agegraded norms stronger pressure on women Personal goals Pregnancy 0 Drifting more likely leads to divorce Less friendship More con ict O O O O O 90 90 90 90 90 Less satisfaction 2 Selection into Cohabitation cohabiters are more likely to have qualities that make them willing to cohabit w to divorce if unhappy 0 Characteristics of the people cause both cohabitation and divorce separately Cohabitation and divorce do not cause each other Grow out of same source but separate branches 0 Characteristics related to both cohabitation amp divorce Divorced parents Nontraditional life attitudes don t care about expectations of culture Less religious Support the idea of divorce Lower income amp lower education Partners that are different from each other heterogamy interracial 8 year age difference different education levels different religions with both devout Risktakers lndividualistic quotfree birdquot 0 Can Selection explanation apply today Cohabitation is very common those people may no longer be very unique Those who do not cohabit may now be unique are they now the rebellious minority 0 Ex Case studies don t cause each other but could have connected third reason or have similar motivations Why might someone get a tattoo Remembrance of a dead loved one Support something you believe in Express oneself artistic Independent thinker rebellious Drunk Why might someone drop out of college Hnances Family issues such as death of a family member Don t like college Medicalmental reasons pregnancy Failed out Other opportunitiesdesires 3 Experience of Cohabitation the cohabitation experience changes the people or leads to marriages that may not have happened otherwise 0 When you enter cohabitation things happen that break you up or effect the marriage Change attitudes oz Marriage is less special 0 O O O O O 90 90 90 90 90 90 oz Value independence oz Want de nition of the situation quotAre we headed toward marriagequot Change behavior drifting into marriage marry because of ulterior motives oz More likely to marry due to pressure 393 Marry for security oz Marry for baby oz Difficult to leave barriers o Cohabiters have higher risk of divorce but noncohabiters still have a risk 0 Weaker foundation for the marriage if cohabit


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