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ch 6

by: Nicole Sedgwick

ch 6 Criminal Justice 101

Nicole Sedgwick
GPA 3.0
Dr. VanWormer

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About this Document

crm j ch 6 notes
Dr. VanWormer
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicole Sedgwick on Monday March 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Criminal Justice 101 at Washington State University taught by Dr. VanWormer in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 66 views.


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Date Created: 03/09/15
Ch6 0 Recruiting the Best 0 Requires adequate pool of applications 0 Officers are solitary workers mostly unsupervised Recruit Training 0 Academy Training Police and corrections personnel are trained in the basic functions laws skills required for their positions 0 quotSixth sensequot 0 The notion that an officer can sense or feel when something is not right as in the way a person acts talks and so on From Citizen to Patrol Officer 0 Field Training Officer 0 One who is to oversee and evaluate the new police officer s performance as he or she transitions from the training academy to patrolling the streets 0 3 phases 0 An introductory phase the recruit learns agency policies and local laws 0 Training and evaluation phases the recruit is introduced to more complicated tasks that patrol officers confront Why recruits Fail 0 Knowitall attitude 0 Failure to ask Disrespect to authority Misunderstanding the job 0 Lack of respect and professionalism Inability to move beyond mistakes 0 Lack of preparation Paperworkwriting Lack of command presence quotThe Right Stuffquot A working personality o Is there a certain type of personality type What does the research tell us Enforcers 0 Of cers who believe that the job of the police consists primarily of keeping their beats clean making good arrests and sometimes helping people These of cers have sympathy for the homeless the elderly the working poor and others whom they see as basically good people ldealists 0 Of cers who put high value on individual rights and due process They also believe that it is their duty to keep peace protect citizens from criminals and generally the social order Realists 0 Place relatively little emphasis on either social order or individual rights They seem less frustrated having found a way to come to terms with a dif cult job 0 Optimists 0 Place a relatively high value on individual rights Like idealists they see their job as people oriented instead of crime providing opportunities to help people they nd it rewarding to spend the majority of their time helping people Traits That Make A Good Of cer Enthusiasm Ego Sense of humor Good judgment Tenac y Selfmotivation Trustworthiness Honesty Leadership Adaptable to change Problem solving De ning the Role 0 Four basic tasks 0 Enforce the law Primary function 0 Perform welfare tasks Performing all manner of errands simply because they are available o Prevent crime Engaging in random patrol and providing public with crime prevention information 0 Protect the innocent Investigating crimes police are systematically removing innocent people from consideration as crime suspects o 3 Distinctive styles 0 Watchmen style officer is a neighbor act as if order maintenance is their priority funcUon o Legalistic ster Officer is a solider o Harsh view of law violations 0 Service stye Officer is a teacher 0 Falls between legalistic and watchmen styles the police take seriously all requests for either law enforcement or order maintenance but are less likely to respond by making an arrest or otherwise imposing formal sanctions 60000 assaults on law enforcement 16000 serious injuries on officers 0 150 die a year Study of Patrol Effectiveness Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment 0 Researchers divided the city into 15 beats which were then categorized into 5 groups of 3 matches beats each In one beat area there war no preventive patrol police only responded to calls for service another beat area had increased patrol activity 2 or 3 times the usual amount of patrolling in the 3rd beat there was the usual level of patrol service 0 Deterrent effect of policing not reduced elimination of routine patrolling Traffic Function 0 The aggregate of motor vehicles pedestrians streets and highways for which police must investigate and apply laws to provide safe travels for citizens in their jurisdiction 0 Reduce deaths and injuries 0 Make vehicular travel safer Noble undertaking Police Discretion o Discretion 0 Authority to make decisions in enforcing the law based on one s observations and judgment quotspirit of the lawquot rather than the letter of the law 0 The Myth of Full Enforcement 0 Official response All laws enforced equally all of the time o BUT there are neither the resources nor the desire to enforce them all nor are all laws enforced impartially Police Discretion o Attempts to De ne Discretion o 2 decisions whether to intervene in situation how to intervene Determinants of discretionary actions 0 Variables of an officer s decisions Law Officer s attitude Citizen s attitude Pros and Cons of Discretion Pros Cons Allows officers exibility to treat different situations in accordance with humanitarian and practical goals The Work of Forensics amp Detectives Forensic science 0 The study of causes of crime deaths and crime scenes 0 Criminalists o A police crime scene analyst or laboratory examiner skilled in criminalists or forensics aspects of investigation 0 Corpus delecti Body of the crime physical evidence showing that a crime was committed o Modus operandi Methods of operation physical evidence showing means used by the criminal to gain entry tools that were used types of items taken and other signs Linking suspect with victim 0 Hair blood clothing bers and cosmetics Linking a person to a crime scene 0 Fingerprints gove prints blood semen hair bers soi bullets Disapproving or supporting a witness s testimony o Versions of events true or not Identi cation of


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