Cracking the Maya Code Video Notes
Cracking the Maya Code Video Notes APY204
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Vanessa Notetaker on Tuesday April 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to APY204 at University of Miami taught by Dr. Everett in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Linguistic Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 04/26/16
Cracking the Maya Code Video Notes Mayan writing system developed independently Bark paper books, monuments, pottery places where you could find Mayan writing 16 century- Spanish inquisition o Mayan books burned by Diego de Landa Mayan scribes forced to write in European scriptdestruction and death of Mayan script Guatemala-Yucatan area was heart of civilization o Tikal, Copal, Palenke important cities built around AD 2000 Thrived for 2000 years 9 c Maya abandoned many cities o Calderon (Spanish conquistador) found Palenke 1000 years after o Confusion by Europeans that Mayan script was influenced by ancient Babylonians and Hindus (included elephants in depictions of Mayan script) The Dresden Codex o Manuscript went to Germany o 1910 o Scholars tried deciphering it Jay Eric Thompson o Dominated Mayan glyph studies o Thought Mayan steles/scripts built to commemorate passage of time Tatiana Proskouriakof o Discovered that Mayan steles in fact described 60 year reigns… DYNASITES o These were describing family history Knorozov o Counted symbols o Found that Mayan writing system was mixed system of word signs and phonetics signs Temple of the Inscriptions o Discovered by Shealy and Mathew in 1948 o Inscriptions described key event of Lord Shield’s life (renamed Pakal, Mayan for “shield”) and 5 successors o Hidden chamber led to body of Lord Shield o Hieroglyphs connected to Mayan ruler Scholars tried deciphering Mayan code, as well as how to translate it phonetically o David Stewart o Ex: water sign “xoc” “to count” Other symbols were substituted Bracket symbol- phonetic sign for syllable “u” iut- “and then it happened” iut y- “since it happened” phonetic substitutions, same word in diferent ways o two symbols could be combined diferent components of diferent symbols could be combined showcases artistic, graphic and visual system of Mayan script writing combination conveying ideas and art form all this showed that Mayans had a complex society o rituals, sacrifice, death, struggle, classes, etc. o myths- twin brother myth most important for Maya academiard th o Showcases struggle that occurred in Mayan empire in 3 -9 centuries Mayan writing o Only available to a few The rich and powerful o Emperors and rich men get written about