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FCNS 284

by: Daisha Fields
Daisha Fields
GPA 3.0

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Class Lecture notes from Dr. Miller's PowerPoint
Family and Marriage
Dr Miller
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Daisha Fields on Tuesday April 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FCNS 284 at Northern Illinois University taught by Dr Miller in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 66 views. For similar materials see Family and Marriage in Child and Family Studies at Northern Illinois University.

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Date Created: 04/26/16
Unemployment: 9.6% of U.S population in Sept 2010 Were unemployed. Stress related to unemployment endangers relationships, contributes to domestic violence, and harms children's social well-being. Family work at home : Division of household labor: * Routine household labor : cooking , washing dishes , cleaning , laundry . Repetitive and not able to postpone. *Occasional household labor: household repairs, yard care , paying bills.Less frequent and more flexible. Who does that ???? Table 3 Page 271 Men are growing more involved Work remains divided along gendered lines: Women do the operational ( routine) tasks Men do the projects ( occasional) Child's role in household chores/allowance RCF,JU Family work at home : Explanations for the gendered division of labor: THREE PERSPECTIVES Time availability : division of labor is determined by the need for the household labor ( children in home) and each partner's availability to perform such task , ( number of hours spent at work or working ) Relative resources : exchange theory , greater the value of resources contributed by a partner, the greater is his /her power within the relationship. ( bargaining to avoid household tasks) Gender perspective : gender norms have powerful influence on what we see as normal. Women do majority of the housework. A fourth perspective: Who is best at ( or prefers) doing what. WORK-family confluct : work is difficult because of participation in family roles is difficult because of work . The abc -x models Abc-x mode: a model designed to help us understand the variation in the ways that families cope with stress and crisis Double abc-x model: a model designed to help us understand the effects of the accumulation of stresses and crises and how families adapted to them Patterns of family crisis: 3 phases 1. The event that causes the crisis 2. The period of disorganization that follows 3. The reorganization that take places afterwards Family can return to previous functioning level, be strengthened , or be weakened by a crisis. Responses to stress - general adaption syndrome The predictable pattern one's body follows when coping with stress , which includes 3 stages" Alarm reaction ( immediate physiological changes fight or flight, anxiety) Resistance ( continued state of alert , might get sick) Exhaustion ( chronic stress can lead to depression , fatigue, panic attacks, insominia …. Must control stress to Improve health!) Contextual stressor ( lowercase A) A pileup of stressors Normative transitions Boundary ambiguity Crisis (x) This is the amount of incapacitation or diisorganization in the family when its chosen resources are inadequate Use of theory : x ( the crisis) may or may not a crisis. It depends on the family's definition of the stressor as well as the number of resources used by the family. Intimate partner violence : Violence between those who are physically and sexually intimate, such as spouses or partners , Can encompass physcial , economic , sexual , or psycological abuse. Can be measured with ---> conflict tactics scale : a scale based on how people deal with disagreements in relationships : Non aggressive responses Psychologically aggressive responses Physically aggressive response Child abuse and neglect Types of child abuse: Neglect: failure to provide for the child's basic needs , is the most common form of child abuse Physical: hitting, shaking, burning , or kicking inflicts physical injury and harm. Sexual: inappropriate sexual behavior with child a child for sexual gratification Psychological or emotional maltreatment: verbal, mental, or psychological abuse that destroys a child's self-esteem ( threatening , degrading , or humiliating the children ) Frequency of intimate partner violence 4.8 million situations of intimate partner violence happen between women ages 18 and older Over the course of theijr lives , 22% of women and 7% of men have been victims Women 2-3 times Types of intimate partner violence Common couple ciolence : less likely to escalate , arises out of specific argument Intimate terriorism: CONTROL Violent resistance - non legal term for self defense Mutual violent control: both partners are controlling and violent Coping with violence : leaving and staying Learned helplessness: the physiological condition of having low self-esteem , feeling helpless, and having no control that is caused by repeated abuse Battered women's syndrome: a recognized phychological condition, often a subcategory of post traumatic stress syndrome , used to describe someone who has been victim of consistent and/ or severe domestic violence Corporal Punishment : Form of physical punishment used by parents:  Not all forms of child abuse are obvious.  2/3 of parents report having slapped or spanked a child  10% have hit a child with an object  Mothers more likely to spank their children than fathers  Boys more likely to be spanked than girls Elder abuse The abuse of an elderly person that can include physical abuse , sexual abuse , psychological abuse , financial or material exploitation , and neglect. Elderly abuse is common *financial abuse *neglect Explanations of violence : Micro-level  The intergenerational transmission of violence: A cycle of violence that is passed down to dependents *stress Macro-level  Patriarchy: father is supreme authority  Cultural norms support violence  Norms of family privacy Divorce in the U.S How common is divorce? It depends on how we measure it. Crude divorce rate: the number of divorces per 1,000 people in the population Refined Divorce rate: a measure of divorce based on the number of divorces that occur out of every 1,000 married women. Reason for divorce: Micro-level factors Parental Divorce  Intergenerational transmission of divorce: a pattern noted by researchers that people whose parents divorced are also more likely to divorce.  Age at marriage  Parental status


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