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Wk of April 19th

by: tanillemonica

Wk of April 19th 101- Communications

GPA 3.71

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About this Document

Interpersonal Communication
The World of Communication
Tammy vigil
Class Notes
communication, 101
25 ?




Popular in The World of Communication

Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by tanillemonica on Tuesday April 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 101- Communications at Boston University taught by Tammy vigil in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see The World of Communication in Journalism and Mass Communications at Boston University.

Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications


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Date Created: 04/26/16
Interpersonal communication - Contextual definition Two ppl engaged in an exchange of info *(Face to face) used to be a stipulation- but communication tech like phone calls, txt, email, social media, even broader the internet* - Developmental definition Relationship- based approach *Requires potential for long-term connection* acquaintanceship, friendship, romantic, etc. - mediated interpersonal communication (txt, email, tinder, etc) Still only two ppl (technically) Intention may be interpersonal but there is potential to become mass communication. The social networking complication - when you engage in social network, you can try to make it interpersonal but it ends up not being interpersonal Ex: Posting Happy Birthday to someone on Facebook (A mix of private & Public communication) *Interpersonal – one on one* Tech can take an interpersonal message and manipulate it to become mass communication Tech can make something intended to be interpersonal but social media it is morphed into an interpersonal transaction but mass communicated Interpersonal relationship - An association btw 2 ppl - Can be fleeting or enduring Includes any number of types of associations: - Friendly - Romantic - Professional - Familial - Formal - Casual *These relationship lines may bur and/or combine* Motives for interpersonal communication- why (1) Affection: ranges from seeking to be loved to seeking to be hated Ex: seeking to be liked: job interview, why? – Easier to be hired Vs. Seeking to be not liked: *Contextual relationship being driven by affection* (2) Inclusion: ranging from total inclusion to complete exclusion Ex: inclusion: What are you doing this weekend? Vs. Exclusion: Jury duty (3) Power: ranges from total power to relinquishing it completely Each person has their own power and chooses when and what they want to use their power on or not use it on. *When something is important to you- salient topic we usually want power* Ex: Powerful: Being the boss at a business Vs Submissive: not knowing Passive aggressive: seems submissive being dominant >> don’t want to seem dominant but wants a weigh on decision making *Women are more passive aggressive* *When women are assertive: negative, when men are assertive: not necessarily a negative, more positive/neutral- history shows women are socially developed not to be dominant* 3 Types of interpersonal communication (based on goals) - what are we trying to achieve (1) Task oriented- you’re are trying to do something Ex: you and a friend are going to paint your new apartment, texting, calling, etc to get your apartment painted. Task: Apartment painted (2) Relationship oriented: to begin, to end, or to maintain a relationship Ex: “honey we need to talk” Relationship: Romantic (3) Image oriented: attempt to get someone to think of you in a particular type of way Ex: suit, nice tie, clean & neat at an interview- want employer to think you are proper Miscommunications - Misinterpreting goals  Male v female tendencies  There are generalization based on decades of research but they do not apply in every situation or with every individual M: tend to as a default, not exclusively and not all men, as task oriented W: tend to as a default, not exclusively and/or all women, as relationship oriented Ex: W: does this make me look fat- an image oriented question, requesting a relationship orientated answer asked to (typically) a Tasked oriented person (M) *good to know, good to understand but does not apply to everyone Six influences on an interpersonal exchange ( Dean Barnlund) (1) Perception of self (“you”) (2) Perception of the other (3) Perception of others perception of you (4) Other’s self-perception (5) Other’s perception of you (6) Other’s perception of your perception of him/her *adding another person exponentially complex these perceptions* Perception: what each individual perceives to be their reality. Perceptions - Of self  Self-concept (core of self-perception)- hard to change  Things we know to be true about ourselves  Self- esteem (extremely flexible/changing)- feelings of self- concept changes w emotional shifts  How we feel about those truths at a given time (changes contextually) Ex: I am 5 feet tall = self concept I am short: self esteem - Of other: based on Uncertainty reduction techniques We do not like uncertainty, we seek out Ex: Three gathering strategies:  Passive information gathering> information that comes to you- information you can’t help but get.  By observation- things you notice Will make assumptions some may be right others may be wrong  Active information gathering  Seeking out information, but not directly from the person Seeking out information from things/ objects/those around & rd familiar w them, 3 party involved Ex: Cyberstalking but NOT messaging them Ex: Looking at someone’s notebook and seeing their name on  Interactive information gathering  Interacting w the person directly Going directly to the source Ex: “What did you do this weekend?” *Non-verbal information is typically given passively* Perception Problems: - Fundamental attribution error:  We are accepting of good things happening to ppl we like or (self) – proud of personal characteristics  Something good to someone we don’t like- blame external factors  Something bad happens to good ppl (self) - blame environment  Something bad happens to bad ppl –blame personal characteristic - Third person effect: self-esteem is mixed with concept  Perception of self get in the way- influence is only outwards to others Influences on perceptions - Availability/ access  The more time you spend with someone the more data you have about them, the more perceptions you have and the more accurate your perceptions are  The less available a person is the more we pay attention to them, perceptions are different b/c you’re paying a different level of attention to them  W/ someone all the time you have a lot more potential for obtaining information about them but you may take them for granted and overlooking the information. - Primacy/ Recency effect  Your first (Primacy) & most recent (Recency) interactions w a person will affect your perceptions of them the most  Can be mediated w technology - Perceptual accentuation  What you are expecting, is what you look for – when found what you are looking for it is highlighted and exemplified – they are seeing what they want to see - Levels of disclosure - Mediated V Unmediated exchanges  Anonymity  How much someone has to own online *Can allow ppl freedom: act in bad behavior or shy: freedom to engage at all*  Asynchronicity  Ppl can take time to form message- more accurate perceptions b/c time taken to respond correctly & fully  Affects all of the above influences Levels/ measure of disclosure Disclosure: information shared - Amount  How much information is shared - Intimacy  How personal that information is Low intimacy: what is your name? (Revealed early in relationship) High intimacy: health issues (Revealed later_ - Valence (psychological not chemical meaning)  Positive or negative weight of information shared Ex: Positive: Just got engaged Negative: Neutral: “I’m Pregnant” - Intent  Did you mean to disclose it? *sometimes we share information by accident - Veracity  Truthfulness or honesty of information shared Ex: Fake IDs *Tech has made it difficult to use veracity*


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