Global Geography April 19
Global Geography April 19 GEOG 1010 - 003
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GEOG 1010 - 003
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelsey Bixler on Tuesday April 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 1010 - 003 at Auburn University taught by Daniel A McGowin in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in Geography at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 04/26/16
Global Geography week 14 April 19, 2016 North Africa and Southwest Asia- “Middle East”- Remove yourself from the idea that Islam=Arab Islam is a religion. Arab is an ethnicity. The top 4 Muslim population countries are not in the middle east- most Muslims are not Arab Climate- Bwh- hot dry climate. There are some areas with agriculture Some of the origins of agriculture started in this area. Sahara- largest non-polar desert Atlas mountains- The coming together of north west Africa created this mountain range. On one side you have green area and on the other side is the Sahara desert. The mountains block the winds coming off the ocean The empty quarter- South west Asia- no one lives here. Not even nomadic people. There is oil there though. There was no borders in this area between Saudi Arabia and Oman. One of the last areas in the world to draw a boarder. Zagros Mountains- the main area of farming for Iran is found on one side. On the western side has a lot of oil fields. Also acts as an ethnic boarder- The west of the mountain is where Arab people. On the east side is where you find Iranians and Persians. Around the Zagros Mountains has a lot of Earthquakes- the mountains are still forming. Earthquakes that are 6.0 or higher can be catastrophic because they do not have the same building codes as places like Japan Water Issues- Turkey is between the middle east and Europe. They wanted to be considered more Europeans. Southeastern Anatolian Project (GAP)- dammed up the Tigris and the Euphrates river. This has caused problems for other countries who getting less water because of this Irrigation- irrigation circles- water that is below ground is brought to the surface to grow crops. Ancient Persians came up with the Qanat system- underground tunnels are used to get water from the mountains to the villages- keeping it underground keeps the water cool and keeps it from evaporating. This system was used from China to Spain in the old world. Still used today. In ancient Yazd- live existed more underground than above. Water was brought into people’s basements to keep the homes cool- early form of air conditioning. Rivers- Tigris and Euphrates- created the fertile crescent Fertile Crescent- main areas of early human agricultural activity. This is where agriculture originated. First area to be settles. Mesopotamia-land between the rivers- first development of human civilization. First cities. Despite having the first settlement on civilization- there are still nomadic people here. Arabian Bedouins. Iranians Bakhtiaris. North Africa Berbers. There is a movement to make these people settle. You can control people if you don’t know where they are. Governments also want to give these people health care and education. Young people in mass numbers are choosing to leave this lifestyle and move to cities. Religious Geography- top 5 religions in the world- Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Chinese “traditional religions”, Buddhism. Zoroastrianism- persecuted religion in Iran. There is baptism and other similar elements of Christianity. Coptic Church- largest Christian branch in the Middle East. Mostly found in Egypt. Also one of the oldest branches of Christianity. Developed before Catholicism. Lebanon- just north of Israel. Majority Christian country. Maronites- largest group of Christians. The have power through executive branches in Lebanon. Most religiously diverse country in this region. President has to be a Maronite. Prime minister- has to be Sunni Muslim, Speaker of Parliament- Shia Muslim, Deputy Prime minister- Eastern Orthodox. Power is divided between the religions in Lebanon. Judaism- one of the oldest religions in the world. Ethnic religion. The names comes from the Juda tribes of Israel. Abrahamic Religions- Judaism. Abraham had a wife named Sarah who was not giving birth to a son. Allowed Abraham to sleep with Hagar- who had a son named Ishmael. Sarah got jealous and pushed them out. Sarah then had a son named Isaac. From this we get the world’s two largest religions. Isaac- Christianity. Ishmael- Islam. Islam- 5 pillars of Faith. Shahadah- repeating the basic creed. Salat- daily prayer (5times daily- towards Mecca). Zakat- giving alms. Swam- fasting during Ramadan. Hajj- one religious pilgrimage to Mecca. Bahraini Flag- 5 points representing the 5 pillars of faith. Saudi Arabia- flag- green because it is the color of Islam. Hajj in Mecca- religious worship in Islam Muhammad- central figure of Islam. He dies and left no successor. Islam’s Schism- are religious divide- the Schism was about who should be Muhammad’s successor. One group said it should be any devote follower (Sunni)-most numerous through out the world. The other said it had to be a blood relative (Shia)
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