Chapter 10 Notes
Chapter 10 Notes
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Date Created: 03/10/15
Chapter 10 Relatives Relative Pronoun who whom whose which that what etc Ex quotThe student who wrote that essay is a geniusquot Starts a dependent clause Connects the dependent clause to an independent clause Refers to the noun in the independent clause aka the antecedent of the pronoun Notez the antecedent may be inde nite such as quotMy father does not know whatl am doingquot Which relative pronoun to use a Used as the subject of its clause quirefers to both people and things quotIt is the teacher who is talkingquot quotIt is a car which costs a great dealquot b Used as the object of its clause que refers to both people and things quotI should like to see the sick persons whom you broughtquot quotShow me the ring thatyou wantquot c Used after prepositions quotWhere do the friends with whom you speak French livequot quotThe candidates for whom you voted are youngquot quotIt is the region in which she livesquot AveCpourdansetc Quipeople Lequeslelespeoplethings Relative Pronoun What aAs the subject of the clause l ce qui quotWhatis on the table is minequot quotYou mustn t do what is forbiddenquot bAs the object of the clause l ce que quotWhatyou are writing is interestingquot quotDo you know whatJohn saidquot cAfter a preposition l preposition quoi quotI don t understand whatyou are talking aboutquot De qual Inde nite quotMaurice nished his homework after which he went outquot Apre s qual Notez when this construction starts a sentence it becomes ce preposition quoi Relative Pronoun Everything aAs the subject of the clause l tout ce qui bAs the object of the clause l tout ce que l Relative Pronouns Graph Function Persons Things quotWhatquot Subject Oui Oui Ce qui Object Que Que Ce que After Preposition Preposition Preposition Preposition Qui Leque Ouoi Sometimes Preposition ce Leque preposition quoU lrregulars of Relative Pronouns 1 Dont de relative pronoun The book of Which you are speaking is well known Le Iivre dont vous parlez est connu 0 With preposition uses de relative INSTEAD of don t 0 Dont must directly follow the antecedent l therefore is at the beginning of the clause 0 Form which whence does not use dont but rather d oa l Formation dont subject verb rest of sentence 2 When English when modi es a preceding noun usually a time expression French quandl 00 also used to express where indicating place At the time when we arrived they were all at the table I Au moment 00 nous sommes arrives is taient tous a table I ll tell you that the day when you get married l je vous dirai cela e jour 0 1 vous vous marierez Problem Words 1 Marry a To get ma rried l se marer b To marry someone l se marieravec quequ une pouser quequ un c To marry someone to someone l marer quequ in a person 2 Miss a To feel that absence of i Regretter ii Manquer the object becomes the subject of the French sentence Ex I miss my car a great deal here Ma voiture me manque beaucoup ici He misses his friends Ses amis lui manquent b Fail to reach Ex miss the bus miss cut class i Manquersub personobj missed object ii Raterin terms of transportation or gatherings 3 More a More and more De plus en plus b The morethe more plus causepus clause Notez do not say le plusle plus 4 Next a Next Prochain Notez do not use for following b Following l Suivantwhen next can be subbed in and the meaning does not change Notez do not use prochain for following c The next day l le lendemain le jour suivant lejour apre s Notez do not say le jour prochain d The next morningafternooneveningetc l le lendemain matinetc or le matn suivant or le matn prochain
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