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test 4/ final notes

by: Sierra Cochran

test 4/ final notes GR 1123

Sierra Cochran
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these notes cover what will we have been going over for our last exam/ final exam
intro to world Geography
Sarah Radencic
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sierra Cochran on Tuesday April 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GR 1123 at Mississippi State University taught by Sarah Radencic in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see intro to world Geography in Geography at Mississippi State University.


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Date Created: 04/26/16
World geography Test 4 o Israel/ Palestine  The UN created Israel in 1948 for the holocaust refugees after world war 2  A few years before that Britain gave the land to the Palestinians (this cause problems over who the land belonged to)  Six day long war-gained the land for Israel  This made the Palestinians a stateless nation  Diaspora- removed people from their homeland o East Asia  Mongolia, china, japan, south and north Korea, and Taiwan  Fun facts  20% of the world’s population live there mostly in china  Chinas climate controls where the population live  Water and soil in the east  Dry and infertile in the west  East Asia has become a economic power in the last 30-40 years  Facebook and twitter are blocked from china  China doesn’t want a western influence  China has 1 timezone  Great wall of china- largest structure ever built  Gobi desert- hot in the summer and cold and icy in the winter  China has 95% rare earth minerals  Japan  Chain of islands-7,000  One of the oldest populations  Over 50,000 people over 100 years old  Geologic processes  Ring of fire  Japan has a lot of earthquakes and tsunamis because of the ring of fire  Tectonic plates cause last tsunamis  South west china impacted by the Himalayas mountains  Mountains grow 1 cm a year  4 main river systems  Yellow river- Beijing  Long river- shanghai  Pearl river- hong kong  Mother river- gobi desert  Regions in east Asia  Chinas coastal core- huge population  Chinas interior- most of natural resources  North mining  Central oil  South mountains hard to get to  Chinas western periphery- rural  Mongolia- cold climate only about 3 million people  Korean peninsula- very small population  Japan- mostly urban  Taiwan- an island democracy  Culture of east Asia  Piyin- how to say the Chinese symbol/ word  Sinophone- widespread Chinese speaking people  Language is based on symbols; the symbols can represent words or sentences  religion  Confucians, Shinto, Taoism, Buddhism  Taoism- yin yang; balance of energy; multiple gods  Shinto- belief in spirits; meshes well with Buddhism  Confucianism originated in china and spread to japan and Korea  Human virtue determine place in life but not with god  Dynasties in china 1. Dynasty- a line of rulers from the same family 2. Xia dynasty- fist advanced civilization roads, government 3. Shang dynasty- establishment of basis for today’s Chinese language 4. Zhou dynasty- around the time Buddhism came to china  Theocracy- priest rule in the name of god 5. Manchu dynasty- greatest dynasty in Chinese empire  Special administrative regions  Located in china but not controlled politically by china  Hong Kong was a British colony since the 1800s and was given back to china in 1997 but until it has been back with china for 50 years it stays under British control  The same rule applies for Macau- mirror sea; it was given back in 1999 o China (peoples republic of china)(PRC) nd  China has the 2 largest economy in the world after the United States and china is followed by Japan who has the 3 largest economy  Foreign investment is a reason that china has the second largest economy; they have low wages and high quality products  Complex government structures  Provinces are small in the east and large in the west due to the large population.  Over population issues  One child per family until 2015 when they changes it to 2 children per family.  This has led to a large elderly population  They changes in the growth of population has gone from 3% a year to 5% a year  There is also a problem with there not being enough women to marry because if the families has two children they would keep the boys to carry on family names.  Chinas military  Peoples liberation Army (PLA)  Largest military in the world and is almost double the size of the United States army.  It is structured similarly to the USSR (Russia)  Service is voluntary o Taiwan  Republic of China (ROC)  Taiwan is a democracy  The united states supports it militarily and economically  The PRC and the ROC work together  They import raw materials and export finished goods they have made out of the raw material imported. (Examples: computers, GPSs, satellites, telecom equipment, and textiles) o Tibet  Very peaceful  China took over their land and kicked the Tibetans out  Tibetan society- Buddhist monasteries  Annexation- forcible acquisition of a state’s territory by another state.  Tibet is now a stateless nation  China forced the Tibetans to leave then forced western Chinese people to move to the land so that china could claim the land. The Tibetans that stayed on the land was forced to the Chinese way of life  Nepal earthquake  Accepted Buddhism belief and the Tibbets after their land was taken. After the earthquake Nepal needs money so china is now pressuring Nepal to kick out the Tibbets o Mongolia  Has a lot of resources in mining specifically.  It is land locked between Russia and china and is considered a buffer state.  Has a desert landscape  The majority of the population are nomads  It doesn’t have the infrastructure to be exploited because the population moves around a lot so they live in yurts.  Yurts- houses that can be taken down or put up between 30 minutes and 3 hours o South Korea  The republic of Korea and about 50% of the population does not practice a religion.(secularized country)  Japan owed Korea after World War 2 when it split because the soviets freed the north section and the United States freed the south.  They have a women president and are protected by the United States and NATO.  The U.S. has a heavy presence there because of North Korea.  South Korea exports: electronic circuits, cruise ships, and automobiles are their number 1 export. o North Korea  Poor infrastructure – this has greatly impacted the country.  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK)  Ruled by the kim family; single family autocracy  Kim jong un (31 years old) took office in 2011 when his father died  Cult of personality- individual uses media propaganda and other methods to create one idealized heroic and worshipful image.  Issued caused by the government  Famine and poor population  Isolated internationally so there is not much known about them  Prison camps for those who do not respect the government.  Nuclear power- they don’t have the power to bomb us yet because they are behind in the technology from isolation. o Japan  5 main islands- Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa  Japan practiced isolation until the industrial revolution in the 1900s  This isolation is the reason that they are ethnically and culturally homogenous  This Isolation was replaced with imperialism  Meiji restoration  This accepted modernization and western culture and less isolated  Fukushima- where a nuclear power plant was hit by a tsunami in 2011  Hiroshima and Nagasaki are two places bombed after japan bombed pearl harbor  Japan ancient history  Japan broke away from china  They created ruling classes of noble lords called shoguns  Samurai were warriors  Ronin “ samurai without masters”  Boshin war- civil war between shoguns and Japanese because the government was attempting to modernize this led to the tomeiji restoration  Japan today  They made new constitution  After world war 2 japan gave up land and were forced to spend less on their military and had to accept a United States presence in japan  Because of these things they could focus on the economy rd  Their biggest exports are electronics and automobiles; 3 largest economy  4 Asian tigers - followed the Japanese model of their economy  Hong Kong, South Korea, Taiwan, and Singapore  Japanese population  99% literacy rate  80% live in a urban area  Over 50% live in Nagoya, Tokyo, and Osaka  It cost a lot to live in japan because it is an island (Tokyo is the most expensive)  The traditional greeting in japan is bowing  Also business cards are a big thing in japan  Culture  Group oriented- groups come before personal feelings  Uniformity in appearances- students and business men wear uniforms but they have taken to wearing casual clothing outside of school or work  They are big on respect, patience, politeness, and honor o Genial information  Cultural transmission- spreading their food and cultural practices to other countries around the world.  Overfishing in east Asia- japan and china are the biggest offenders  Japan- Bluefin tuna  China- shark fin soup; cultural tradition is not wasting the meat but that has recently changed when they started to cut off the fins and throwing the shark back in the ocean to die (this cause cultural tensions because they do not believe in being wasteful but they are in this case) o India  British colonization  India east trade company- established by Britain  Colonial rule changed the landscape both politically and culturally  Infrastructure (railroads, electricity)  Cultural transmission between India and great Britain (food and religion)  British left India in 1947  Pakistan and Bangladesh became independent from India  This was because of religion differences  Bangladesh is a stateless nation until the 1970s  Number one economically in agriculture  Largest democracy by population in the world  Hindi speaking in the north and English speaking in the south  West India is richer because they are closer to richer regions and eastern India is poorer  70% of the population is rural; mostly farmers  India’s economy  Mumbai- Bollywood; richer area similar to our Hollywood  Kolkata- steel manufacturing (poorest out of these three)  Bangalore- IT hub  One of the biggest problems in other parts of India is education and poverty  Young population  Unclean water is a big issue in India  Social issues in South Asia  Male dominated society; women so not usually own land  Wage disparities between men and women  Dowry- property or money used to pay the bride’s family by a potential husband  Dowry deaths- women who are murdered or driven to suicide by continuous harassment and torture by husband’s and in-laws for an increased dowry  Marriages are often organized when the girls are teenagers  Malaria  4 reasons why we have gotten rid of malaria 1. Scientifically complicated 2. Economic challenge- health vs wealth; hurts infrastructure and hurts the country economically because if people are home sick they cannot work 3. Cultural challenge- to people in India malaria is a part of life like our flu and if it’s just a part of life people don’t think they need medical help 4. Political problem- how does a leader get people to use simple materials to prevent malaria if they believe it is a simple way life o Indonesia  The largest archipelago in the world with 13,466 islands  Main islands-  Borneo- lots of forest and bio-diversity; also has the komodo dragon  Java- large populated island and fertile soil  Papua- deforestation  Sumatra- largest island area wise o Indo- china  Culturally influenced from china and India; food, and structure of houses  Main countries  Cambodia- khmer rouge- known for mass genocide  Laos  Vietnam (war with the U.S. we lost the war) when the soldiers returned home from this war they we not welcomed back because there was a culture movement going on (anti-war movement) at this time the selective service was widespread in the U.S. o Austria  A large part of the country is not livable because it is in the desert  Goes though periods of drought and heavy rain  In the southern hemisphere  Occupied by other European people (Great Britain had it early on and called it New South Wales and sent there prisoners there.  Bio-diversity with animals many that are deadly  20% is the desert  Austria is between India and pacific ocean  Is on its own continent, one country and island  Wildlife- kangaroos, koalas, and many more  The great barrier reef- is being killed due to being bleached this is attributed to the water warming and the increasing acidity  The coral needs warm, shallow water to live  In Austria Christmas is in the summer


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