Intro to Clinical Psychology Chapter 14 Notes
Intro to Clinical Psychology Chapter 14 Notes Psych 373
Edinboro University of Pennsylvania
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lisa Montanez on Tuesday April 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 373 at Edinboro University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. LaBine in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Clinical Psychology in Psychlogy at Edinboro University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 04/26/16
Intro to Clinical Psychology Chapter 14 Notes Chapter 14: Integrative and Evidence Based New Generation Therapies 1.1Chapter 14: Integration Four approaches to therapy: (1) Ideological purity -> you master one specific approach; emphasizes depth (2) Theoretical integration -> combining 2 or more theoretical approaches (3)Common factors a. Corrective emotional experience } to re-expose the client under more favorable conditions, to emotional situations which he could not handle in the past, so he could repair the traumatic influences of pervious experiences Relationship Jerome Frank -> demoralization hypothesis -> individuals who come to therapy have a feeling or subjective incompetence couple with distress Shared therapeutic components: (1) An emotionally-charged confiding relationship with a helping person (2) A healing setting (3) A rationale or conceptual scheme or myth (4) A ritual individual with this specific problem under this set of circumstances for this Syncretism -> when one chooses a technique based in an unreasoned or impulsive fashion Eye Movement Desensitization + Reprocessing (EMDR) Francine Shapiro (Key psychologist) 1.2Multi-Modal Therapy Arnold Lazarus (Key psychologist) Technical eclectic Assessment Thorough assessment of client’s functions, feelings, etc. 6 Components: (1) Behavior (Observable Reasonable behavior) (2) Affect (emotions, moods) (3) Sensations (physical sensations) (4) Imagery (mental pictures) (5) Cognition (beliefs, thoughts) internal verbal statements (6) Interpersonal relationships (nature of relationships) (7) Drugs + biology -> biological factors (medical concerns) B.A.S.I.C. = Key for neural integration Authentic Chameleon -> shift your interpersonal style to match your client’s preference [formal, medical therapist] *Some clients want warm and fuzzy, soft, self-disclosing from their therapist, while others what directive, professional, stern* -> builds therapeutic alliance 1.3Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) Marsha Linehan (Key psychologist) Dialectics -> achieving balance [complex therapy] *Linehan specializes in Borderline Personality Disorder *Her plan is difficult to achieve and may not be part of the client’s agenda 1.4Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) Key psychologists: Steven Hayes Russ Harris *ACT involves mindfulness and behaviorism Goal [of ACT]: to change people’s relationship to their symptoms, move from fighting symptoms, to acceptance Russ Harris: Goal [of ACT]: (his version) increase psychological flexibility Develops 2 outcomes: (1) The ability to be present (mindfulness skills) (2) The ability to control your behavior to serve valued ends 1.5The ACT Model Relational Frame Therapy o Language; helps us understand relations between them My problems -> words, words, words -> entangled (fusion) -> control or avoid -> (temporary) relief, struggle occurs -> life restriction (world gets smaller) My Growth Problems Commitmen Mindfulness t & & diffusion flexibility Acceptance Values & being present 1.6Emotion-focused Therapy (EFT) Primary adaptive emotions * Primary maladaptive emotions Secondary emotions Key psychologist: Leslie Greenberg *This therapy deals with Person-centered and Gestalt (key psychologist) Key areas of EFT: (1) Increase of emotional awareness (2) Increase of emotional expression (3) Increase of emotional regulation (4) Increase of reflection a. (making meaning) (5) Transformation a. Replacing one emotion with another (6) Corrective emotional experience **Emotion -> guide/motivate behavior Affective problem markers -> signs that indicate there’s a difficult emotional area that needs to be explored Techniques: (1) Focusing (2) Two chair technique (3) Empty chair technique 1.7Interpersonal Psychotherapy Key psychologist: Klerman -> deals with Depression Depression occurs in an interpersonal context, if you resolve the interpersonal issues, the Depression will lift Four Interpersonal areas: (1) Grief (2) Interpersonal role dispute (role conflict) (3) Role transition (4) Interpersonal deficits
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