Notes on Reality Television
Notes on Reality Television ENG260
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Talia A. Lubin on Wednesday March 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ENG260 at University of Oregon taught by Dr. Anthony Hayt in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 151 views. For similar materials see Media Aesthetics in Foreign Language at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 03/11/15
Media Aesthetic 260 Notes Reality Television 1 UnReaity TV Nonnarrative structures in TV programming a What is real i Reality is polymorphous It can assume many different appearances and have many different interpretations ii The news presents only one version of reality based on things like which stories they cover camera angles editing techniques eyewitness choices narration and music choices etc b Instead of reality we can use the term historical reality to define the historical world in terms of what stories we choose to tell and how we choose to tell them i We make a choice about what to make into history choosing specific things out of all the minutia of real life on which to focus ii History is made by the victors generally those who win get to dictate the narrative of what the war was The same can be said about reality those that record it and make choices on what and how to show are the ones who dictate what we think of as reality c Social Actors are all people we see on TV who perform a prescribed role in a socially acceptable manner from TV reporters to redcarpet stars i Anytime you are watching something that is real you are watching a social actor news anchor talk show host celebrity on a talk show etc d TV s Modes of Representation i Expository aka Rhetorical 1 Presents facts about the historical world in way that does not rely on narrative Addresses the argument directly to the viewer Ex Infomercials news etc ii Interactive 1 The historical world and the world of TV mix a Social actor is brought to the TV studio talk show game show host etc b Generally they are not speaking directly to the audience but to someone on screen c The TV production is brought to the historical world Dirty Jobs Diners Driveins and Dives i Social actor does not talk directly to us but to others e Observational i The supposedly untouched presentation of the historical world 1 Ex The Real World Cops An American Family etc f Reflexive i Does not simply present the world as factual reality but instead points out that filmic presentation problematizes any premise of fact They can also directly address the fact that many realities exist Ex The Thin Blue Line film Daily Show Colbert Report g Interview Modes i Dialogue reporterinterviewer is heard andor seen asking questions of a subject and the subject responds ii Pseudomonologue reporter sinterview s questions are edited out so as to make it seem as if the subject is talking spontaneously about their experience even though they have been prompted and directed in how to do so Ex Confessional moments in reality TV America s Next Top Model Real Housewives The Bachelor 2 Reality TV Genres a Newscasts direct address b Sports programs i Color announcer works in expository mode by interpreting the game and game choice Works in narrative mode by helping to make the social actor player into a character for the audience to relate to c Game shows semidirect address d Reality TV defined by i A minimum of scripted dialogue ii A cast of social actors pulled from the historical world iii A style of image and sound drawn from documentary andor gameshow
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