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HIST 3460 April 25

by: Elaina Rampolla

HIST 3460 April 25 History 3460

Elaina Rampolla
GPA 3.6

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About this Document

notes from the April 25th lecture
Medieval and Renaissance Italy
Professor Gouwens
Class Notes
history, italian, hist, HIST3460, machiavelli, florence, Rome
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elaina Rampolla on Tuesday April 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 3460 at University of Connecticut taught by Professor Gouwens in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Medieval and Renaissance Italy in History at University of Connecticut.


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Date Created: 04/26/16
 Machiavelli was raised in a Medici Florence o Deeply learned in humanism  Prof mentions pg. 71 and 73 in his book  Machiavelli wanted to dedicate “the Prince” to a different medici  Combination of deep learning in history and his own experience went into his writings and understandings of the world around him  Prof mentions end of pg 132 in his book  The letters in Gouwens book both show different life styles o One man lives lavishly, wakes up at 10 every morning and is either entertaining someone important or being entertained o The other man lives more humbly, chops his own wood, argues with the wood workers and surrounds himself in nature and livestock  very Petrarch  By 1502 Piero Soderini makes himself the president for life in Florence  The Spanish and French pope unite to conquer Milan  Virtu/Virtus means masculine, good, excellence  Prof. mentions pg 85 in his book o “one looks to the end” Si Guardo Al Fine, this really means one must look to the outcome  does this whole system work though?  Some argue that Machiavelli’s argument collapses under the weight of its own contradictions  Machiavelli loves the idea of expansion of power o Florentines were imperialists  As the passing of power occurred in Florence Cesera Borgia, the popes son began beheading people who were close to him and posed a threat  Although Florence moves further and further away from being a “republic” Machiavelli sees himself as a lover of the republic model.  Pg. 85 there is the idea of whether wealth and power or fortune and god determine how successful you are. Essentially he believes that luck has most to do with it, but there is still some room for human intervention.  “The Prince” is not an optimistic book  Italy was experiencing a shift in perspective during this period  The old ways were no longer working  Machiavelli wants to desperately assign rules to keep this newly forming Italy in order  By 1529 clear Clement VII’s allies were not going to save the republic from its enemies  The Spanish army seizes Florence  Lead by King Charles V  Michelangelo assisted in the fortification of the city, however it failed  The Medici are put back in power and make themselves dukes  Florence goes from a republic to a duchy  Clement VII allows this to happen, in exchange his home city is sacked and his family is put into power  Clement crowns Charles as emperor


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