Chapter 5 Notes
Popular in Introductory Psychology
Popular in Department
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bella on Thursday March 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 101 at University at Buffalo taught by Larry Hawk in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 70 views.
Reviews for Chapter 5 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 03/12/15
Chapter 5 Consciousness Consciousness gt A person s awareness of his or her own existence sensations and cognitions Altered state of consciousness ASC gt State of awareness that is other than the normal waking state Sleep gt The naturally recurrent experience during which normal consciousness is suspended REM Sleep gt Stage of sleep characterized by rapid eye movements and marked brain activity Insomnia gt Difficulty getting to sleep difficulty staying asleep or awakening too early Latent Content gt The symbolic content and meaning of a dream Manifest Content gt The obvious memorable content of a dream Activationsynthesis Hypothesis gt The theory that dreams arise from random bursts of nerve cell activity which may affect brain cells involved in hearing and seeing the brain attempts to make sense of this hodgepodge of stimuli resulting in the experience of dreams Circadian Rhythms gt The body s daily uctuations in response to the cycle of dark and light which occur with blood pressure pulse rate body temperature blood sugar level hormone levels and metabolism Suprachiasmatic Nucleus SCN gt A small part of the hypothalamus just above the optic chiasm that registers changes in light leading to production of hormones that regulate various bodily functions Nightmare gt Dreams with negative emotion they may be remembered the next day Night Terror gt Vivid frightening experiences the dreamer cannot be woken and does not remember the terrors Narcolepsy gt Sudden attacks of extreme drowsiness and possibly sleep Sleep Apnea gt Brief temporary cessation of breathing during sleep for up to 70 seconds following a period of difficult breathing accompanied by snoring the sleeper then startles into a lighter state of sleep and may have no memory of these events and may not feel rested after sleeping Hypnosis gt A state of mind characterized by a focused awareness on vivid imagined experiences and decreased awareness of the external environment O 09 O 09 Posthypnotic Suggestion gt A suggestion regarding a change in perception mood or behavior that will occur after leaving the hypnotic state Sociocognitive Theory of hypnosis gt The view that a person in a trance voluntarily enacts the role of a hypnotized person as he or she understands it which leads to behaviors and experiences believed to be produced by hypnosis Meditation gt An altered state of consciousness characterized by a sense of deep relaxation and loss of selfawareness Substance abuse gt Drug or alcohol use that causes distress or trouble with functioning in major areas of life occurs in dangerous situations or leads to legal difficulties Tolerance gt The condition of requiring more of a substance to achieve the same effect because the usual amount provides a diminished response Depressants gt Depress the central nervous system decrease behavioral activity anxiety and awareness impair cognition and judgment ex Alcohol barbiturates Disinhibition gt The inhibition of inhibitory neurons which makes other neurons the ones that are usually inhibited more likely to fire and which usually occurs as a result of depressant use Alcohol Myopia gt The disproportionate in uence of immediate experience on behavior and emotion due to the effects of alcohol use Stimulants gt Stimulate the central nervous system increase behavioral activity and arousal create a perception of heightened physical and mental abilities ex amphetamines cocaine MDMA Amphetamines gt Synthetic stimulants Crack gt Cocaine in crystalline form usually smoked in a pipe freebasing or rolled into a cigarette Narcotic Analgesic gt Depresses the central nervous system CNS dulls pain and creates an experience of euphoria and relaxation with chronic use the body stops producing endorphins ex Heroin Hallucinogen gt 1 LSD Alters serotonergic functioning 2 Marijuana Affects neurons in the hippocampus involved in learning memory and integrating sensory experiences Hallucinations and perceptual alterations the user s expectations shape the drug experience Adaptive Theory gt WHEN we sleep ie sleeping during a predator s hunting hours 0 v Restorative Theory gt WHY we sleep sleep replenishes chemicals and repairs cellular damage
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'