Organic Chemistry Sheet for MCAT
Organic Chemistry Sheet for MCAT 121B
Popular in Math
Popular in Math
This 12 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Sieva Kozinsky on Saturday April 19, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to 121B at University of California Santa Barbara taught by Jim simmon in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 266 views. For similar materials see Math in Math at University of California Santa Barbara.
Reviews for Organic Chemistry Sheet for MCAT
These notes were awesome and helped me with my Ochem MCATS!
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 04/19/14
John s Organic Chemistry Cheat Sheet The product of a non chemist s decade of collaborating with chemists version 21 Jan 2011 johnbeanvirginiaedu Sources Wikepedia encyclopedia of organic chemistry httpenwikipediaordwikiOrdanic chemistrv Organic Chemistry textbook by Seyhan Ege ChemHeritage glossary limited list but includes figures in many cases httpwwwchemheritaqeorqEducationaServicespharmqlossarvqlossarvhtm ChemCoo chemistry dictionary httpwvvwchemicoocomdictionaryhtml Virtual text of organic chemistry httpwwwcemmsuedureuschNirtuaTextintro1htm About organic chemistry includes chemical structures archive alkane nomenclature and numbering and functional groups subpages httpchemistrvaboutcomodordanicchemistrvl Chemical Forums chemical structures httpwvvwchemicaforumscomindexphppaqemoecues Clackamas community college chemistry 106 lessons online includes diagrams of sigma and pi bonds httpdlcackamasccorusch106 02 A Abstraction Synonymous with removal AR Acyl Acyl group 0 ll rC39K CH3 AcetylAcetyl group Acid Activation Alcohol Aldehyde Allyl Group Aliphatic Alkane Alkene Alkyne Alkyl group Amide Specie that can donate a proton Bronsted Lowry definition Specie that can accept a spare electron Lewis definition Group on ring that makes it easier to introduce a second substituent activation O H C y R OH O R H doubly bonded O in middle of molecule ketone C H H CH2CHCH2 Definition 1 Acycic or cyclic saturated or unsaturated carbon compounds excluding aromatic compounds In other words NOT aromatic Definition 2 not exactly equivaent Organic molecules joined together in straight or branched chains Carbon with tetrahedral bonds single covalent to other carbons or to hydrogen C C bond length 154A Distance between 2 nearest C s along the spine of the alkane 25A An alkene olefin or olefine is an unsaturated chemical compound containing at least one carbon to carbon double bond CC bond length 133A A hydrocarbon containing at least one carbon to carbon triple bond CEC bond length 12A Alkane minus one hydrogenproton generally attached to something else 0 II H Base Benzene Butyl C Carbonyl group Carboxyl group Carboxylic acid Cathode Cation A solution that has an excess of hydroxide ions OH in aqueous solution removes hydrogen ions protons from an acid and combines with them in a chemical reaction Specie that can accept a proton Bronsted Lowry definition Specie that can donate a pair of electrons Lewis definition Or a base is a specie that can accept a proton this requires that it have a lone pair of electrons H benzene minus one hydrogenproton gt 3939phenyl groupquot A molecule containing four carbon atoms butane minus one hydrogenproton 0 Oxygen doubly bonded to carbon OO OH Carbonyl group bonded on one side to hydroxyl group quotgt10 R 0H Electrode that attracts positive ions cations andor repels negative ions anions Positive ion Chiral Concerted reaction Conjugation Diacyl peroxide DMSO 99 Electrolyte Enantiomers ene Enediynes Chiral molecule one that cannot be superimposed on its mirror image eg it may have a left or right handedness as screw threads do Chemical reaction in which all bond breaking and bond making occurs in a single simultaneous step C chain with alternation of single bonds with multiple bonds which through their ability to rapidlycontinuously switch positions delocalize can make the carbon chainring electrically conductive O C l J Rquot3939quotR used as a Si radical initiator in hydrosilylation T CH32SO Dimethylsulfoxide Enantiomeric excess R SRS excess of one enantiomer divided by concentration of both enantiomers In this context 8 left handed from Latin sinister R right handed This R not to be confused with broader use of R in organic chemistry to denote any possible quotappended organic molecule segmentquot Plus and minus ions in solution Mirror image molecules ie complementary molecules of opposite chirality suffix an organic compound with a double bond between carbon atoms R V quot Molecule with carbon chain containing two triple bonds separated by a double bond Ester Ether Ethyl Ethyl group eV Exogenous F Facile substitution Ferrocene Furan G Grignard o O A molecule containing two carbon atoms ethane minus one hydrogenproton 1 eV 230627 kcalmol Originating externally In the context of metalloprotein ligands exogenous describes ligands added from an external source such as CO or O2 Easy substitution Ee or in terms of bonding Q2 0 Five member unsaturated ring with oxygen in one position Organometallic reagents prepared by deprotonating an organic compound using a strong base Nucleophile or by reaction of organic halides with alkaline metals H Hydroxyl group Homolytic Cleavage Homowms K Ketone kilocalorie kcalmol L Labile Mercaptin Methyl Napthalene Nitrile group Nucleophile OH Breaking a bond such that each of the atoms gets one of the electrons Same as Homolytic Cleavage above 0 JL R R That is molecule with central carbonyl group Doubly bonded O at END of molecule aldehyde 1 kilocalorie 261144768 x 1022 electron volts 4184 joule 1 kcalmol 004336 eV thus 1 eV 230627 kcalmol As in kinetically abie Constantly undergoing change or something that is likely to undergo change A traditional term abandoned by IUPAC synonymous with thios A molecule containing one carbon atom CEN literally nucleus lover a reagent forms a chemical bond to its reaction partner the electrophile by donating both bonding electrons Nucleophilic Nucleophilic Attack 0 Oxidation OCP Olefin Nucleophile becomes attracted to a full or partial positive charge on an element and displaces the substitution group it is bonded to See Nucleophile Loss of electron Open circuit potential An alkene olefin or olefine is an unsaturated chemical compound containing at least one carbon to carbon double bond Oxygenated organics 0 0 o n 0 02 0 0 gN l S ll CH3 C RAH AR Li C COH R COH Acetyl Acoho A39dehYd9 ACYI Amide Carbonyl Carboxyl Carboxylic Acid 0 C 0 o OH 0 II II A Jk R C OC C R O R R H d I Diacyl peroxide Ester Ether y roxy Ketone P 4393 393939 PEDOT i S Poyethyene dioxy thiopene PDMSO Polydimethylsulfoxide Phenyl group H with added hydrogen gt benzene ring Pibond e Sigma Pi A valence bond formed by side by side overlap of p orbitals on two bonded atoms In most multiple bonds the first bond is a sigma bond and all of the others are pi bonds Porphyrin Crazy ring with alternating N s and NH s on inside PropylPropyl group A molecule containing three carbon atoms propane minus one hydrogenproton PSS Polystyrene Sulfonic Acid M K L it Hi I quot 39H g quotHa Purine Fquot H quotEh F E Five member pyrimidine conjugated ring including two nitrogen s attached to four member imidazole conjugated ring also including two nitrogen s with different possible side groups Here adenine and guanine of DNA fame Pyridine Pyrrole Pyrimidine R R Racemic Radical Reduction S Salt Saturated Six site conjugated ring 5 Carbons 1 Nitrogen Five site conjugated ring 4 Carbons 1 Nitrogen NH N NH H H Five member conjugated ring including two nitrogen s with different possible side groups Here cytosine and thymine of DNA fame An appended organic molecule segment plus something else or plus X Opposite of chiral ie containing equal population of alternate enatiomers Having an unpaired electron denoted C Gain of an electron Ionic compounds that can be formed by replacing one or more of the hydrogen ions of an acid with another positive ion Carbon chained together with single bonds with other carbon bonds being to hydrogen atoms carbon chain loaded with maximum number of possible hydrogen atoms ie saturated Sigma bond Steric hindrance Styrene TEMPO Thiol Thiol group Thiophene Toluene THF a sigma bond is a valence bond that is symmetrical around the imaginary line between the bonded atoms Most single bonds are sigma bonds When a chemical reaction is hindered by unacceptable overlap of atoms electron orbitals or the formation of unfavorable bond lengths or angles ie outcome of reaction is at least partially dictated by actual fit of atoms 0 2266 Tetramethypiperidine 1 oxy organic radical on 0 site CH3 Tetrahydrofuran solvent used in rinsing off organic layers completely hydrogen saturated version of furan Unsaturated V vide infra vide supra Vinyl compound Y yne Z Zwitterion Opposite of saturated carbon compound with less than maximum possible number of hydrogen s implying some carbon atoms chained together with double or single bonds Latin for see below Latin for See earlier or look above this pagequot Containing a vinyl group H suffix an organic compound containing a triple bond between carbon atoms A chemical compound that is electrically neutral but carries formal positive and negative charges on different generally separated atoms ie what a physicist would just call a polar molecule
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'