PY 370 Ch. 9 Notes
PY 370 Ch. 9 Notes PY 370
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gretchen Pierce on Friday March 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PY 370 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Sheila Black in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 64 views. For similar materials see History and Systems in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 03/13/15
Chapter 9 Darwin Galton Cattell Iames and Hall 1 Darwin s theory of evolution in uences psychology 2 Psychologists focused on issues such as the usefulness of psychological functions 3 Galton a b Darwin s cousin Interest in individual differences measured through psychological testing Psychological testing their ability to respond to stimuli etc Sexist Views i Wrongly assumed that men were more sensitive to perceptual stimuli including taste coffee Individual differences in imagery i Experts often produced vivid mental images while performing memory chess boards ii Association tests iii Galton s own performance Tested over 7000 people Interest in Cognition i Galton studied ways to improve memory 1 Creating associations 2 Imagery to improve memory Galton in uenced experimental psychologists wanted empirical objected data Believed that abilities were inherited and normally distributed bell curve i Most people on memory intelligence etc would be middle of bell curve 68 of people ii Few people are at tail ends Average Joe i Galton developed the concept of the average manquot and central tendencies ii Pointed out that with statistics behavioral scientists could make predictions about a population 1 Predictions about individuals awed Famous for Eugenics i He wanted to use Eugenics to improve the human race ii He wanted individuals of the elite class to marry each other to improve nation s gene pool iii He founded Eugenics society iv Eugenics associated with autrocities v Eugenics used to justify discrimination and even genocide Hereditary Genius in families Galton s elite families showed disproportionate concentration of eminence n Galton argued for definitive prof that individuals inherit superior abilities O Twins i ii iii iv V vi vii If identical twins were more similar than fraternal twins then their genes would matter more People became interested in the role of heredity in determining psychological characteristics Minnesota Twin Study Psychometric tests included tests of intelligence attention mental health and artistic ability etc There were also tests measuring physical health Differences have to be heredity The study did find that identical twins were remarkably similar even when they had been separated at birth
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