Chapter 8 Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Edelstein on Sunday March 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1001 at George Washington University taught by Dr Osborne in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 46 views.
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Date Created: 03/15/15
Chapter 8 Notes Strati cation and Social Mobility in the USA 0 Social Inequality a condition in which members of society have different amounts of wealth prestige or power think occupy wall street l some degree of social inequality characterizes every society 0 Strati cation a structured ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuates unequal economic rewards and power in a society this involves the way that one generation passes on social inequalities to the next which persuades groups of people arranged in rank order from low to high Strati cation ultimately leads to social inequality 0 Income salaries and wages Wealth an inclusive term encompassing all a person s material assets including land stocks and other properties Closed System hereditary ranks that are usually religiously dictated and tend to be xed and immobile closed Open System based on achievement allows movement in and out Class System based on both social factors and individual achievement Class set of people who have similar status in terms of wealth income education and occupation people can form exogamous marriages marrying within their social category or endogamous marrying within social category Meritocracy personal effort or merit determines your social standing it is an ideal not necessary reality Consistency or lack thereof of an individual s rank across factors High rigid less mobility Low more exible more opportunities this can lead to frustration Social Mobility ability to change positions within a social strati cation system lupward mobility downward mobility lntergenerational Mobility between generations of a family lntergenerational between members of the same generation Systems of Strati cation Distinguishes between achieved status and ascribed status Ascribed Status a social position assigned to a person by society without regard for the person s unique talents or characteristics Achieved Status a social position that one earns through his or her efforts Slavery most extreme form of legalized social inequality for individuals and groups lenslaved individuals are owned by other people who treat these human beings as property as if they were household pets or appliances a Varies in practice b Now universal declaration of human rights prohibits slavery in all forms Yet more people are enslaved today than ever have been at any point in world history Castes hereditary ranks that are usually religiously dictated and tend to be xed and immobile closed system
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