Week 2: Lecture Notes
Popular in U.S. Foreign Policy
Victoria De Almeida Tellechea-Rotta
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Political Science
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria De Almeida Tellechea-Rotta on Monday March 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSC2446 at a university taught by Elizabeth Saunders in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 93 views.
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Date Created: 03/16/15
Week 2 121 126 121 Washington s Farewell Address 0 Avoid taking it as a sweeping prescription of how American policy ought to be conducted 0 Remember that Washington never says no entangling alliances That was Thomas Jefferson 0 Identify a series of debates and issues within the address 0 Europe center of great power politics dominated by monarchies 0 French alliance Thomas Jefferson was like OMG yay and they built the South in the American Revolution 0 Not that long after the American revolution strong anti monarchical sentiment very uncool to be pro British But like Alexander Hamilton who wasn t of the same party of Jefferson he was the leading Federalists They favor a strong central government freaked out by the French Rev see it as pretty fucking scary 0 Jeff and Adams ran against each other rst really contested elections One of the most bitter elections ever 0 As long as you re not actually in a war with the British you should be on their side bene cial Pro British neutrality or Pro French neutrality 0 But the British were still loathed by the American public 0 Pro French faction led by Jefferson selling out Washington s Jay treaty 0 Washington saw it as a long lasting peace agreement to buy time expand physically militarily and nancially Essentially buying peace 0 Impartiality is always partial 0 Jefferson quotAmerican revolution and French revolution is one and the samequot 0 Washington At no distant period America would be a great nationquot 0 Keep it out of war allow it to grow and undertake this expansion 0 Never said no alliances permanently should not make permanent commitments at the moment he was writing 0 Had to live up to its current commitments and 0 Other issues raised that are critical for our purpose understanding the making of US FF 0 Debate about Jay s treaty who gets to make FF 0 Interplay between FF and domestic policyin uences on each other Washington very concerned as he was ready to hand off power to next president Domestic policy was pressuring but Washington went against domestic policy made terms of Jay s treaty secret Who actually wrote it There was never a golden age of uni ed foreign policy 0 Product of its time 126 How Many Traditions Wilsonianism aka idealismliberalism Realism J acksonian Wilsonianism Idealism is a convenient shorthand but there is a difference 0 Idealism generally refers to belief that certain idealsideas should be spread in the world nothing necessarily American about this there could be a Soviet idealism Liberalism different from domestic meaning Set of principles that can be economic political Not to confuse with liberal vs conservative debate 0 Wilsonianism blend of of the two above Liberal in foreign policy sense and its about the idealized spread of liberal idea Activity over passivity 0 Wilson historical gure used and abused a lot 0 Despite his assosciation with the North parents identi ed with Confederacy and family owned slaves Gradually shifted to the position Congressional Government 0 At the time Wilson came of age Congress was very powerful Believed that CongressCommittee system was fundamentally undemocratic Checks and balances got in the way of strong executive power 0 Tried to keep the US out of WWI Didn t build the army 1916 He kept us out of the warquot Not running on a hawkish approach in WW1 1917 American shipping gets attacked too much Wilson was no saint Wilson remains important with his address Why Chose to connect attacks to the very nature of the German government War against autocratic governments that are not in the hands of the will of the people They are of danger to the United States and other nations The world must be made safe for democracy America has a right to not only have a say in how countries should conduct themselves in international affairs BUT ALSO in how they conduct themselves domestically This is a new way of seeing things especially at the time America just now had the material power to do this abroad 0 3 general components of Wilsonianism Political liberalism Democratic institutions Economic liberalism Free trade key piece of WIlsonialism Institutional liberalism International institutions 0 Legacies 0 Liberal internationalism from Bill Clinton 0 Reagan ends up putting human rights front and center in his administration 0 2nd inaugural address of Bush lots of Wilsonian issues 0 NOT exclusively democratic or republican 0 How purist do we want to be when we ascribe Wilsonianism to American politics Is this list of idealist principles uniquely American or should we think of them as universal Realism Morgenthau even quotes Wilson 0 Morgenthau product of his time Hopes that Wilsonian principlescollective security would stay off another war Would prevent another cataclysm O UtopianIdealist school based on the fact that human nature is good getting better and if only we could craft social institutions and social order peace would break out 0 Realists human nature is inherently con ictual World will be a better place if we all just accept it and work with it rather than attempt to just improve human nature Pg 962 Moral principles can only be temporary can t get rid of con ict just manage it People have interests they ght over it 0 Order appears because some big power implicitly or eXplicitly helps keeps order Like policing 0 Wanted the US to act in its own interest If you want the little powers to be protected the US has to be powerful and healthy and act in its own interest 0 Pg 982 quotes Lincoln extensively Even Lincoln was a cold eye calculator of national interest 0 Just as Wilson doesn t tell you how to resolve self determination disputes realists have their own version of the problem They don t ever tell you exactly what the national interest is 0 Legacy of realism 0 Modern day republican 0 Henry Kissinger 0 Limited intervention in Syria Obama 0 Not unique to one party and the other Mead s Four Traditions Wilsonianism 0 J effersonians 0 Those from whom ideas are drawn from the Enlightenment are combined with democracy Not arms 0 Diplomacy make alliances with other countries that have right values and institutions 0 Hamiltonianism 0 Strong federal government strong central gvt strong trade and commerce Foreign policy doctrine J acksonians 0 US must be self reliant and ready to use full force to defend their interests and honor Human nature is not perfectable like Morgenthau argues Do not believe in being proactively involved in other states and their institutions Another basis for realism Strong military streak 0 Reputation and honor are very important All four of these represented and in con ict With each other andor working together
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