Week 3: Lecture Notes
Popular in U.S. Foreign Policy
Victoria De Almeida Tellechea-Rotta
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Popular in Political Science
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria De Almeida Tellechea-Rotta on Monday March 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSC2446 at a university taught by Elizabeth Saunders in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 166 views.
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Date Created: 03/16/15
Week 3 128 24 128 0 Since Sept 11 a lot of debate on the role and the limits of the executive power 0 Constitution 0 Starts with Congress not the presidency Has the power to declare war make rules for captures on land and water raise and support armies provide and maintain navy calling forth the militia discipline it 0 Article 2 Second 2 President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy He shall have power by consent of Senate to make treaties and shall nominate and appoint w support of Senate 0 President Built in advantage Decision activity secrecy and dispatch Hamilton 1 Information and info is power Huge info gathering apparatus Constant monitoring of information ow usually comes straight from White House 2 Secrecy can do a lot of things without informing Congress 3 Agenda setting power can set the foreign policy agenda It is the president that visits countries and big deal if he doesn t go He prioritizes issues sets the tone and course of American foreign policy 4 President has the power to go directly to the peoplepopulous Enormous power to try to persuade televised address from Oval Of ce after or before military action 5 Bureaucratic appointments President can put a very signi cant stamp Not just that democratic bench goes into play when there is a democratic president but he gets to pick and appoint head of important departments Political appointments have a huge role of shaping policy 0 Pros and Cons of putting so much power to the President 0 Pros President can move quickly when he gets information Congress is really slow sometimes If there s a national emergency you want the president to be able to deal with the issue Central coordination One place that information can go to Henry Kissinger If I need to talk to Europe who do I call Now there is one person but before the EU was really disperse There is in the US a central point of bureaucracy Government speaking with one voice Allows American foreign policy to be uni ed O Cons Single mindedness What if the President isn t doing what is best Misperception A lot of faith in the ability of one person small group of people surrounding them to process information and reach conclusions interpretations What if they get it wrong Bay of Pigs issue Secrecy Can allow President to do things that may not be in national interest or may take things to farabuse power without public scrutiny making it hard to hold the person accountable for their actions What can Congress do in PP O Passing and making laws and vote down laws Lindsay record here is not great Don t pass a lot of laws and its really not great in FP Congress is reluctant to go on record trying to save their elections They don t want to weaken the presidents hand sometimes too Not always the best way to gage the in uence of Congress on FP 0 Hold hearings Can be quite cynical But raise political pro le 0 Power of the Purse Cut down funding Talked about a lot exercised rarely Monitoring role Role of anticipated reactions Lindsay reading Not so much that Congress is going to veto or pass a resolution against President s action its that the President will anticipate what will or will not annoy Congress and adjusts policy accordingly before it ever gets to Congress Why should Congress have a role at all 0 Checks and Balances 0 Have them on board with policy of President strengthens the President s hand Does the President have power to make war 0 Issue with Vietnam and with Syria 0 Framers may have wanted President and Congress to share it but through practice its always been the President Has he earned this position Legal debate Supreme court has never directly ruled on war powers Lindsay court does not like to get involved and proceed things that are dispute between political branches Youngstown V Sawyer Had the right to seize steel mills Justice Jackson the actual right under our constitution does not and cannot conform to judicial de nitions of the power of any of its branches based on isolated clauses or even single Articles torn from context Practice matters Presidential powers are not xed but uctuate depending upon their disjunction or conjunction with those of Congress If you have the backing of Congress 1964 Tompkin Golf Resolution Hi gh water mark explicit authorization that strengthened Johnson 24 Robert Kagan 0 Traditional view 0 Realism and Idealism rst century was realism Kagan from the startAmerica was interested in promoting democratic values 0 Realism lt3 Idealism 0 Three key episodes Farewell address John Quincy Adams Speech Monroe Doctrine O Neoconservatives Took many traditions associated to liberalism Big fan of 1990 s humanitarian intervention Clintonian foreign policies Democracy promotion puts them at odds Don t share focus on international institutions actually strongly dislikes them 0 2006 Iraq war published book Dangerous Nation Evidence to show that democracy by force is not new in american foreign policy Look at this and decide if we agree Beginning 0 Idea that the Founding Fathers didn t like great power politics is meh because they just can t keep up in the War area Farewell Address 0 Neutrality proclamation neutralist statement rather than idealist move Not as isolationism not even as a realist statement for tilting towards Britain for pragmatic reasons 0 Idealists in a sense that they have an ideological preference over British 0 Domestic issue 0 Instead of dividing this into cold eye realists who can improve america s fortune versus idealists both these camps are ideological in some sense Washington and Hamilton prefer British system Rejection of dichotomy between realism and idealism Fourth of July Address 0 Long speech 0 He points out its an ideological speech 0 Monsters quote 0 Isolationism quote or realist who realizes it does no good to invest in other causes because they don t have the strength 0 Kagan says focus in end 0 Adams Go thou and do likewise Go have a revolution of your own in the spirit of the one we are celebrating today Is this a call to action Adams wishes he could do 0 Politicians were living in a world fundamentally marked by monarchy 0 Monroe doctrine O Colonies in LA are about to emerge from colonialism concerned that forces of monarchy win they would reach across and put the US insecure British not happy about this either try to make a joint statement But then makes a unilateral statement Stay out of Americas 1823 Almost made an agreement with Brits Greeks moving from independence from Turkey absolute sensation a lot of sympathy for their movement Seen as liberty and freedom but also as humanitarian Monroe wants to recognize warning to Americans that liberal institutions are under siege and actively encourage liberal and republicans in Europe John Quincy Adams we can t do that O Kagan ideological on both sides Crossing of the line that Monroe is trying to stop Let s not have an ideological clash European monarchies were spooked of Americans supported revolutionary movements Dangerous Nation USA dangerous to Europe 0 Traditional view territorial Kagan view Opportunity to start process of eXport of liberal values abroad to Europe 0 Realist perspective the above thing doesn t freak you out 0 USA Balance of Power with British and US 0 First major democracy and basically threatening to Europe 0 Chapter on Civil War two different foreign policies good look at it 0 1898 ulmination
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