Week 15 Notes
Week 15 Notes History 225
Popular in U.S. History
Popular in History
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Sundberg on Wednesday April 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 225 at James Madison University taught by Dr. Steven Reich in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see U.S. History in History at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 04/27/16
4/25 (Reich, Lecture notes) Continuing the Reagan Revolution (80s and 90s) A New Brain Trust Doubtful that government is able to solve America’s problems completely o Rollback in the government intervening in social programs and civil rights o Free people from the stronghold the government has over the people o Commits self to moral reform Discusses “special interests” in inaugural address o Interests of different activists groups continues to fracture society Feminists Homosexuals African Americans Pro-life activists An example of this is reflected on vanity license plates o Horse enthusiast o Tea Party o GOP o AT Conservancy o Etc. o Not just “Virginians” or “West Virginians” Mainstream media had a liberal bias o Needed an alternative form of media to represent the conservative ideas Fox News The Promise of Privatization o Operating transit o Mail collection o Road construction o Water and sewer construction and delivery o Education o Trash collection Trust the private sector to deliver these programs rather than the public sector Drive toward efficiency “Running government like a business” Privatization promises to save government money One pays only for the services they use Pay-As-You-Go Pushes toward private self-interests Consequences of Privatization o If the government no longer provides these as a social service, but is now instead something one must purchases from a market, rather than receive them as a right of citizenship, then we see an erosion of the right of citizenship that has been so crucial to growth since the New Deal Reagan in Office o Attack Collective Bargaining Friendlier to investors and employers and less receiving of unions o Lower taxes 1982 Tax Reform Bill 1986 Tax Reform Bill Hoped to reduce tax burden Adjusted tax brackets Targeted at the highest income earners, not lowest income earners Clear evidence that tax reforms are effective o Cabinet appointments Appointed those who would promote privatization James Watt EPA Secretary of the Interior Find ways to privatize national parks for extraction of goods William Bennett Secretary of Education Find ways to privatize education Impose tests to measure the ability of public school teachers o Standardized testing o Deregulation Deregulation of government control over private enterprise Deregulation of Airlines Deregulation of Savings and Loans Industry o Regulated under the New Deal o Government backs up the deposits and private industry has the opportunity to reap the rewards o Government assumes all the risk Conservative Legal Revolution o Warren Court Gideon Decision Miranda Decision Griswold Decision Brown v. BOE Loving Decision Roe Decision o Restraining the power of the state in areas where the state had exercised power over o Stripped state of power to regulate in certain sections o Promoted Originalism If it is not written in the Constitution, the government does not have the right to do it Conservative Contradictions Growth of Federal Government in the 1980s o No return to tradition Brown v. BOE not repealed Advancing gay rights movement Prayer still kept out of school Abortion still legal o Expansion of the Military-Industrial Complex o War on Drugs… not on poverty Crack epidemic Just Say No to Drugs (Nancy Reagan) Shift of money toward these efforts Expansion of the state Zero Tolerance Policing 3 Strikes Policy (courts) Mandatory Minimum sentencing Expands criminal offenses for the death penalty Tough on Crime Willie Horton Ad Rodney King Beating All white jury passed down verdict of not guilty Causes riot o Corporate Influence inside the Beltway As the government grows, we see an expansion of the private sector and lobbyists Wanted to direct federal money to their firms The Reach of the Government had changed but not its: o Size o Authority o Power 4/27/16 The Acquiescence of the Democrats Democratic Leadership Council (Centrist) o Formed in 1980s o Committed to rebuilding the Democratic Party and forget about New Deal and Great Society reforms o Talked about getting tough on crime, ending welfare, opening and expanding trade Identifying with the growing Silicon Valley Many saw Clinton as an opportunist o Adopting Republican ideas as his own Close to Tony Blair (Great Britain) Ran as a “more accommodating president” o Appealed to women, blacks, and homosexuals Passed “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” Policy Liberals now referred to as Progressives Influx of undocumented Hispanic immigrants under Clinton Overturning of the Glass-Steagall Act (a New Deal Policy separating savings and checking banks from investment banks) Clinton “friendly” with Wall Street Entrenched Partisanship o Al Gore vs. George W. Bush o Urban Areas tend to vote Democrat o Rural Areas tend to vote Republican Rising Tide of Economic Inequality since the 1970s o Its Growth o Its Consequences Higher levels of infant mortality Shortened life expectancy Higher rates of mental illness Higher rates of teenaged pregnancy Higher incarceration rights Higher rates of suicide Higher rates of illegal drug use Higher rates of obesity Higher rates of malnutrition o Limits of Economic Growth Cannot fix the problems above Productivity has increased while compensation and wages have stagnated o Future of Freedom What should the government do? And whose interest should it serve?
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