Chapter 7 - Long Term Memory: Encoding, Retrieval and Consolidation Notes
Chapter 7 - Long Term Memory: Encoding, Retrieval and Consolidation Notes PSYC2014
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Mariana de la Maza
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mariana de la Maza on Tuesday March 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC2014 at George Washington University taught by James Higgins in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 110 views. For similar materials see Cognitive Psychology in Psychlogy at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 03/17/15
Chapter 7 LongTerm Memory Implicit Memory 0 Memory that unconsciously in uences behavior HM would never remember 0 Formed an associative memory with one of the assistants who would always give him a handshake with a buzz Classicalconditioning o Unconditioned stimulus o Unconditioned response Neutral Stimulus o Conditioned stimulus Subliminal Messaging 0 Do have an effect on you advertisements Memory can hav3e other effects 0 Erase of reading something seen earlier 0 Complete this beginning of word stem with the rst word that comes to mind 0 Priming o The recent exposure to an item affects processing of it later 0 Can be of something coming in or out o Talked about in an implicit way But it still could come from a place you are not aware of o Distinguish between implicit and explicit o Explicit 0 Have tasks 0 Recall cued recall 0 Recognition Asking if they remember the speci c place or thing in detail You feel like something is familiar o Implicit 0 Things you look at in the past allow you to do better in the future Savings from relearning There is forgetting Procedural Performance measures priming completions of words even 17 years later 0 Physiological eye movements ERP s D ja vu 0 Very much part of implicit memory can t recall OOOO Study read list of ctional names aloud interested in pronunciation 0 Victoria Marsh Adrian Farlow Test Rate new list of names how famous 0 George Sherin Another nding rating how interesting 0 Delay longer delay ask people if true or false and if they ve seen them before they are more likely to rate them as true o If you tell somebody in this initial stage that these statements aren t true even if you show them a few days later they are more likely to rate them as true Familiarity has a strong effect Tipof thetongue 0 Very commonly happens o If you don t remember something go look and search for it Knowledge of your own memory is important Older people have less good memory 0 Young people are overcon dent in their own abilities Structure and Process Various chess boards in midgame set ups expert chess players remember more than novices 0 Why When you start a new subject you are not familiar with Encoding Elaboration o The more you elaborate on something the more you can remember it A unicorn with another triangle from it stripes A mountain a circle and a stick from it the half circle with a squiggly Droodles 0 With explanation they remember them more Also under what situations you retrieve it
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