Week 4 Notes
Popular in U.S. Foreign Policy
Victoria De Almeida Tellechea-Rotta
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Political Science
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria De Almeida Tellechea-Rotta on Thursday March 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSC2446 at a university taught by Elizabeth Saunders in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 121 views.
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Date Created: 03/19/15
Week 4 29 Role of Bureaucracv and Public Opinion in Foreign Policy 0 Alison and Halperin s 3 models and the ideas they put forward 0 Model I Unitary Actor Model Rational Actor Model Target they try to knock down In Model I FP made in a country as if everyone in it were acting with one brain Bedrock assumption of a huge percentage of political science work in USA 0 Model II Organizational Cultural Model A particular political organization has an SOP Standard Operating Procedure Organizations do things a certain way Organization has a predictable way to deal with some problem INDEPENDENT OF PEOPLE WHO OCCUPY THE POSITION Dehumanizes who is doing it Procedure belongs to organization 0 Model III Bureaucratic Politics Model Allison and Halperin I Heads have interests which may or may not align with organizations MiX of SOP and personal preferences of the people with charge Where you are depends on where you sit How that organization would argue in a setting What affects it Personal interests of the players i e run for of ce later on Organizational interests Organization may want to preserve its own tradition and keep its use high Push for policy that use re jets US Airforce Fight for the use of ghter jets in particular crises Analyze not only the beginning of the decision but as far as the people making the decision can see Problems Executing things the way they should be Satisfy some bureaucratic player might get you into trouble internationally Japan occupies Indochina it was aggression to Americans Domestic political problem turned out to be international scale SOP want troops in heat of battle to respond the way they were trained As a commander must know that they will follow orders that they were given Nuclear crisis respond exactly the way things are supposed to be followed 0 Public Opinion and Foreign Policy Kagan Realpolitik goals lots of support Promoting human rights abroad anti realist kinds of thoughtgolas below 50 support tendency Dresser suggests that there is a diagnosable true state of public opinion that is representative of what the public wants People don t even really pay that much attention to Foreign Policy use partisan cues to form their opinion 0 Five key eopisodes 0 Farewell address not a statement of isolationism not Ellis way of tilting for Britain realist pragmatism sees it as an ideological battle Pro British because they see the revolutionary French as dangerous John Quincy Adams goes beyond monsters and isolationism sees it again as an ideological speech Lessons from Europe Heart of speech is at the end Go thou and do likewise Monroe Doctrine not isolationism stay out of Western Hemisphere Europe Its actually ideological Monroe sees the fate of democracy and freedom republicanism as tied to the fate of american democracy actively encouraged All prompted by Greek independence movement wants to put US on their side publicly In Kagan s telling the document is telling us to not mess with the territory because it would bring back the monarchy and its view Ideological on both sides Not necessarily an American thing to be ideological general thing that is how all states behave it is a driving force in international politics FIRST HALF OF 19th CENTURY Role of slavery debate kept them from achieving their goals Apart from morality America grew at a slower rate At a basic level changed the way America expands John Quincy Adams actually refrains from buying Texas Kagan afraid of incorporating it into the Union without it being a free state South wants more expansion North believes expansion more slaves How this expansion would go and how their integration would be like American System system for internal improvements basic things we take for granted i e canals and roads Critical to the development of the country were impeded by the South because they were afraid of Federal power Slows down impedes external expansion of US This affects foreign policy South is very concerned about supporting Greek independence movement concern that North will meddle in Southern affairs Division at home about how foreign policy should be conducted Divisions of many different kinds Tariff policy Mexican American war 0 Civil War Huge domestic dispute Foreign policy takes center stage Extremely unpopular Seen by some in the North as spreading slavery compromise of 1850 series of temporary xes Comes to a head with Civil War Profoundly ideological terms Essentially international war with Lincoln as a moral crusader against a country with different values Morgenthau sees cold eye realists Two nations with separate foreign policy ts with his overall narrative American FP has been largely ideological all the way throughout history 0 Spanish American War Kagan ends his book most popular war 1898 Despite civil war America has emerged as a powerful nation Helpful that the US is geographically isolated US builds a navy piece of puzzle that has been lacking Had been a navy but it couldn t do a lot Even though there is no external threat that prompts them to build a navy Kagan views this in ideological terms Reed Zaccharia From economic powerhouse to military powerhouse once upon a time the story we could tell about the US Realist take sees it as part of a story of structural pressure Rising American power instability and revolution in Cuba rebellion against the Spanish sees this as instability as threat Zachary sees that if it wasn t Cuba it would have been something else Have a navy Want to use it Has little to with caring that much about Cuba and Cuban people Newspapers made things public and a thing widely known This popular thinking and sympathy with the Cuban people that makes this an issue In favor of a more active foreign policy 1821 All John Quincy Adams could do was talk Now power has caught up Newfound con dence makes them take extraordinary steps that are going to lead to war It is about Cuba In Europe it is in fact a dangerous nation Monarchists and Liberals don t like the idea of intervening in other countries US tries to be neutral because it could not yet have a position Build up America s power Pursuit of the national interest 0 Either national interest is what helps your power and separate what can be ideology like democracy promotion Not in the national interest thats what the diVision between idealism and realism is O Kogan says you cannot talk about these as separate cannot be secure without other countries behaVing the way the US wants them to behave
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