Week 6 Notes
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria De Almeida Tellechea-Rotta on Thursday March 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSC2446 at a university taught by Elizabeth Saunders in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 113 views.
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Date Created: 03/19/15
Week 6 225 NSC68 Defeat of free institutions anywhere is a defeat anywhere Thesis Cold War can be thought of as a yoyo between peripheral and strongpoint defense at least until Reagan 0 Not an accident when you look at the pattern democratic tend to go to the peripheral symmetrical and republicans for strongpoint asymmetrical Eisenhower scal conservative return to strongpoint Speeches every gun made every warship is a theft from people who need food clothes Concerned that spending might alter exactly what it was trying to defend How to achieve strongpoint defense but allow opposition to believe that USSR won t nibble away at things that aren t are your list Dulles amp Eisenhower known for the reliance of Nuclear weapons Massive retaliation Mutually assured destructions Assure other side knows your capabilities in order to avoid attack What makes threats credible O Dulles amp Eisenhower Keep other side guessing Instead of Truman approach match with equal reaction keep them guessing about how much you are going to respond They know you are going to respond but they don t know how Nuke or diplomatic protest If they re not sure less likely to cross that line Cultivate an air of unpredictability Notion of being slightly unpredictable Threat to leave something to chance Quemoy and Matsu O Threatens to use nuclear weapons to defend Mao backed down then Eisenhower economical way defending against Soviet expansion But it was dangerous and was debatable to be perceived as weak 0 Covert operations was also cheap 0 Nuclear driven version of strongpoint defense Johnson amp Kennedy back to peripheral 0 Flexible response Kennedy Communists preying on poverty and economical antidevelopment had to help state develop so they wouldn t be driven into the arms of the Soviets Hot war in Vietnam perception was that you could not allow small country to go communist Nixon back to strongpoint O Him and Kissinger all about balance of power Power should be evenly distributed Reagan picks neither Lets go of detente O TRANSCEND communism
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