HIST 2340W Week 8
HIST 2340W Week 8 HIST 2340W
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Morgan Routman on Friday March 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2340W at George Washington University taught by Professor Brasinzky in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 143 views. For similar materials see US Diplomatic History in History at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 03/20/15
HIST 234OW Week 8 32015 1151 AM 0 Wanted to integrate Asia into a new world order 0 Had to create order in Asia Elites had been discredited Rise of indigenous nationalism n This led to radicalization a American policies towards them were interconnected 0 Therefore China was put into the UN Security Council o o 1944 US sent diplomats to Yanan I Tried to convince the CCP to help the US a Viewed the CCP as better than the GMD 0 Saw the GMD as corrupt etc o Overlooked some terrible aspects of the CCP FDR selected to negotiate between the CCP and GMD 1944 n Hurley had a lot of inward hostility toward the CCP I Became frustrated with the process and resigned o Incompatible with the US Wanted the CCP to dominate China Wanted to reverse China s century of humiliationquot In Which Mao blamed on the imperial powers aka US Wanted to spread the Revolution throughout Asia with China as the hegemon o USSR tried to make it easier for CCP to gain control 0 PingJin Campaign CCP conquers Manchuria and Northern China a George C Marshall becomes frustrated with the constant fighting Blames lack of negotiations on leaders 0 Called the leaders weak and the parties radical 0 Solution 0 Empower minority leaders Emphasized that there had to be some democraticliberal minded people in China 0 America occupied Japan post WWII because of its unconditional surrender Articl IX of their constitution renounced war as an option for sovereign Japan Dissolution of Zaibatsu I There warmaking capacity o This meant that China could no longer be the surrogate that America wanted The GMD was suffering losses even with American aide PinJing Campaign D So they turned to Japan instead Wanted to have talks with the CCP in order to advocate for Democracy n This would give the US an option to have a relationship with China a He was convinced that there had to be some liberals in the CCP n Understood that setting up a meeting was the only way to preserve some influence in China 0 The Republican congress pushed against this due to the China Lobby In America has two options 0 Recognize Mao and the CCP o This allows the US to establish embassies and open a channel of discussion with the PRC 0 Only recognize Jiang and the GMD in Taiwan 0 Knowland didn t want recognition because he viewed communism as a disturbance and thought that recognizing the PRC would be hypoc cal Rebuilding Japanese economy a Even if it meant going back on earlier goals NSC 132 0 Occupation of Japan wouldn t end until the military was secure and the economy was recovering 0 Wanted to create a strong export based economy 0 Helped Yoshida Shigeru conservative gain power and purge the left 0 Instituted a police training program 0 Helped prevent insurgency and emphasized stability HIST 234OW Week 8 continued 32015 1151 AM 0 From 19101945 there was no sovereign Korea 0 The Japanese had colonized and tried to change them economically and socially o The wealthy and those in the military benefitted from the Japanese D Seen as collaborators n Considered Collaborators and Conservatives Many suffered and lost opportunities a Considered 0 Wanted radical social change 0 This poses the question of what we should do with Korea 0 In the Cairo conference of 1943 it was decided that Korea would eventually be independent Really America just wanted control over Japan Increasingly suspicious of the USSR Didn t want a communist Korea a Potsdam Conference 0 US sends Dean Rusk and Charles Bonsteal 0 Wanted it to work like the division of GermanyBerlin In the interim Uhhyong set up a government for Preparation for Korean Independence o Uhhyong s state 0 Very leftist 0 Opposition I Made up of conspirators and conservatives Leader to impose reform and communism Imposed radical social and economic changes Very strong radical central government a Oppressive and punishing 0 Set up a military government and chose KDP Koreans to help govern Allowed some limited reforms Couldn t keep governing through the KDP because of their shameful past 0 O a Leader of the Korean Independence Movement a Conservative Nationalist Movement I Led Korea in 1910 before Japanese involvement 0 Then fled to America and lobbied for US Support a Gained strength and support in South between 194547 Turned the issue over to the UN n The committee was only given access to the South 0 This led to separate elections 0 Both wanted to invade the other but neither Stalin nor Truman wanted to risk war Changing political situation in the south I Rhee puts down Leftist protests N Korea loses hope for uprising to reunify Korea a USSR changes attitude because of the success of the CCP in china 0 Now the US must Respond 0 US reactions n Outlines defense perimeter in Asia that doesn t necessarily include South Korea I But he still thinks that the independence of South Korea is of dire importance In Many Americans see S Korea as an experiment of Democracy in Asia 0 US supplies immense aid to S Korea Many US Foreign Policy experts compared the spread of communism to Korea to Hitler s march in Europe a Afraid that other countries would drift towards communism if the US wasn t credible US and other allies form a coalition to provide aid The North continues to commit atrocities against the South 0 Successful counterthrust against the North 0 Tried to rollback communism in North Chinese enter the war and push the South back to the 38th paraHel n Armistice after a 2 year stalemate at the parallel NSC 68 and farther arms build up Defended its allies and gained credibility Truman was able to point at the war as a fight against communism Eisenhower and other Americans question the amount of money put toward the military Gains prestige Held the US to a standstill Defended fellow revolutionaries Lost prestige Not as much air support to the Chinese as promised Looked weaker Origins of the sinosoviet split 0 Still divided Didn t resolve anything Still technically at war