World Civilizations Notes from April 18 through April 22-Caroligian Empire and on
World Civilizations Notes from April 18 through April 22-Caroligian Empire and on 1010
Popular in World Civilizations l: World History from the Origins to c. 1000
Popular in History
verified elite notetaker
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Simone Edwards on Wednesday April 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1010 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Kira Robison in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see World Civilizations l: World History from the Origins to c. 1000 in History at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.
Reviews for World Civilizations Notes from April 18 through April 22-Caroligian Empire and on
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 04/27/16
World Civilizations Notes from April 18-22 Carolingian Empire -influx of people into Rome---fall of Rome -Zantium -Power of the Franks -story of centralization and fragmentation Rise of Carolingian Empire -Merovingian kings (ca. 680) -Divided kingdom (because every son inherits a part) -Clovis -son of Meroving -brings all divided parts together under his rule -first Frankish king that we know of that converted to Christianity -still some fragmentation (r. 481-511) to Decentralized power (multiple territories; sons of the kings; major nobles owning land) -Major Domus (Mayor of the House) -he becomes the most powerful guy next to the king -eventually more powerful because of king subdividing -Charles Martel "the Hammer" (r. 714-741) (most famous Major Domus) -inherited Austrasia and Neustria (from father) -battle of Tour-Poitiers-732 (push Muslims back southwest-ish in Aquitaine(southern France) -sets border for Muslims -reunites all of the fragmented and lost territories -king of the Franks dies in 437 but no one notices because Charles Martel is the de-facto king until he dies and his son takes over and takes the crown of the Franks Charlemagne (Charles the Great): -Warfare -Lombards, 774 -Spanish Marches, 778 (Muslims--moved them out of the way) -Eastern Europe, beg. 787 (enforce Pagan conversion to Christianity) -in these battles, he takes over -Diplomacy -Jerusalem (makes a small Christian colony here) -fulfill religious pilgrimage -makes peace with people that hold the majority of the Middle East -Centralized Govt. -Royal household -In Aachen -Web of Admin that moves out throughout his territory -live in the palace and had people report to them from out in territories -capitularies-booklets -common laws for the entirety of Charlemagne's empire; everything is written down (who they talk to, problems they encounter; etc.) -missi dominici (team of two guys; 1 who can read/write) -they travel throughout the empire with the common law books and you never know when they will show up to enforce the rules -Christmas day in 800--Charlemagne crowned Holy Roman Emperor -becomes centerpiece of ideals of Ancient Rome within western Europe -connects him to the church; becomes a symbol of power, united, and attached to the church -Irene--her son was Roman Emperor, mad that her son was usurped, sends endless letters to Charlemagne and pope--where do you get off? -Alliance with papacy Carolingian Renaissance -What does Renaissance mean? Rebirth -What is evidence? -Expansion and peace -Charles Martel to Louis the Pious -"Holy Roman Empire" -Conscious association with Classical Rome -As "Christendom" (a kingdom of Christians) -Court association with intellectuals -Charlemagne's education -"Church" Latin Liberal Arts -Seven Liberal Arts -grammar, rhetoric, logic, arithmetic, geometry, music, astronomy -Lay and clerical -palace school, cathedral schools, monastic schools -access and opportunity -Manuscript books and production -the scriptorium -Carolingian minuscule *yay!* (handwriting style) Early Arabia -population -Waterways -Trade routes (most famous is Mecca; central location) -religion -Polytheism -Ka'ba (now the center shrine of the Islamic faith; shrine for all deities; brings "religious" tourism) -hanifs (they worship one god but it's not a god that has been passed down to us or known) -Mecca (center of trade and center of pilgrimage) -Quraysh (most powerful merchant tribe in Mecca; have good control over trading caravans) under Hashim (strong and economically talented; tells his kids that they have to prove that they deserve their inheritance; sons begin to compete economically to inherit Hashim's control and power) -Muhammad (ca. 570-632 C.E.) -Great-grandson of Hashim (his ancestors didn't do well in Hashim's contest and they were very poor) -Bedouin childhood (grew up and was nourished with a Bedouin family instead of his own because his real fam was too poor) -Women in his family -Amina (mom) -Khadija (1st wife) -Sawda, Aisha (2 most famous wives) -Zaynab, Ruqayyah, Umm Kulthum, and Fatima (daughters; out of daughters come first male Muslims; known as Mothers of Islam?) -At 40, ca. 610, the revelation (al-Qur'an); the text isn't in chronological order--organized by size, the first revelation is #96) -Islam: "submission" to God -Muslim: one who submits -goes to Mecca where it's polytheistic and is claiming that there's only 1 god causing a stir and more people are converting -his uncle dies and he's depressed but he kind of gets back into it in 619 C.E. -Hijra (Hegira) (move from Mecca to Medina) -622 C.E. (Year 1 A.H.) Birth of Islamic Civilization -Muhammad vs. -Mecca (post-Hijra) -Battle of Badr (2/624) -Trade caravans (his former family's caravan; the Muslims took it over) -Jews of Medina (unwilling to convert; we don't have to, we were here first, give us reasons to convert) -Bedouins -Hajj to Mecca, 6 A.H. (return to Mecca; with his battles, they can basically just walk in) Elements of Islamic religion -Sunnah (Traditions based on Muhammed's life; written down during Hajj; path of the prophet; exemplary behavior) -Hadith (sayings; body of Muhammed's sayings and other important people like his wives and daughters) -Shari'a (laws and constitutions directly from Quran) -Jihad (misused in modern context; simply a struggle against anything) -Ka'ba -Ummah Expansion of Islam 5 pillars of Islam: -Shahada: declaration of faith -Salah- daily worship (5) -Sawm- fasting during daylight of holy month of Ramadan -Hajj-pilgramiage to Mecca (1) -Zakat-almsgiving -Hagia Sophia -Arabic becomes a core piece of art in Islam -there's no images of the divine in Islam -Problems of Succession: -Muhammad died 11 A.H./ 632 C.E. -Do we need a religious leader or political leader? -Next caliph--leads army, enforces rules, etc. Ali or Abu Bakr? -Split between Sunni and Shi'a start immediately after M's death -The Rashidun Era -The Age of the "Rightly-Guided Caliphs" -11-40 (632-661) -Abu Bakr, (11-13/632-634) father in law -The Riddah Wars (expansion of Islam and conquest of rest of radian peninsula) -begins social class that those who converted first are better than those who converted last -Syria -Umar (13-23/634-644) -Syria -Iraq -Uthman (23-35/644-656) -Iran -Egypt -Ali, (35-40/656-661) m. Fatima (youngest daughter) -vs. Muawiya (general; refuses to acknowledge Ali's power; leads to conflict) -37/657, Battle of Siffin -Ali agrees to mediating the conflict and he ended up with Egypt while Muawiya takes everything else -Umayyad Dynasty -Muawiya (40/ 661-680) -Abbasid Caliphate -Umayyad Dynasty -Founded by Muawiya (40-59/661-680) -moved capital to Damascus -Vs. Abbasids -Coalition of power -Legitimacy through Abbas -Conquest of Damascus, 129/750 -Abbasid Caliphate (golden age of Arabia literature; Aladdin, Arabian Knights, etc.) -capital to Baghdad -Umayyads in Spain -Abd al-Rahman (he fled) Life under Islam -Convert or don't -can remain and accept dhimmi status, a particular social status, or leave -dhimmis are the people of the books, Christians, Jews, etc. -Taxes -Zakat (for Muslims); jizya (for dhimmi) -dhimmi aren't allowed to serve in the military -Pact of Umar; dhimmi pact/contract
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'