New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Middle Ages

by: Amy Turk

Middle Ages MUS-22111-009

Amy Turk

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

History of music during the Middle Ages Notes from Unit 1
The Understand of Music
Dr. Michael Lee
Class Notes
middle, ages, history, Music, medieval, period, Roman, empire, christianity, feudal, Society, patronage, Art, style, gregorian, Chant, hildegard, bingen, notre, dame, Organum, crusades, secular, ars, nova, mauchaut, mass, sacred
25 ?




Popular in The Understand of Music

Popular in Music

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amy Turk on Wednesday April 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS-22111-009 at Kent State University taught by Dr. Michael Lee in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see The Understand of Music in Music at Kent State University.


Reviews for Middle Ages


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/27/16
MIDDLE AGES ● also called the medival period ● early middle ages (to 1000) ○ fall of Roman empire ○ growth of Christianity (Roman Catholic Church) ○ feudal society = clergy, nobility, and peasant classes ○ illiterate except clergy (monks - monasteries, nuns - convents) ○ “patronage” = support and employment for music by the church ○ art style = symbolic, impersonal, iconic ● refers to an era between the enlightened civilizations of ancient Greece and the Renaissance ● after the fall of the Roman Empire, the rule of law ceased to exist and the period was dominated by the conflicts of war lords over possessions and property, with very little commerce and no contact between the east and the west ● the art style lacked emotion or expression Gregorian Chant ● plainchant, plainsong ● 1st written music ● texture: monophonic (choral with no accompaniment) ● rhythm = nonmetric ● responsorial (soloist, then chorus) ● harmony = church modes ○ modal ● latin text = syllabic, neumatic, and melismatic ● gregorian chant is named after Pope Gregory who began the process of collecting traditional melodies Text Settings For Chants ● syllabic = one note for each word or syllable ○ ex. Handel, Hallelujah chorus from Messiah ● neumatic = 2-4 notes per syllable ○ ex. higher range of middle section = Hildegard, Alleluia ● melismatic = many notes per syllable ○ ex. opening of Hildegard, Alleluia Hildegard of Bingen ● german (holy roman empire) ● founded her own convent ● scholar = writings on science, medicine, religion, philosophy, poetry, and music ● considered a saint ● was the first female granted permission by the pope to write and teach theology Notre Dame Organum ● cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris ● first polyphonic music ○ non-imitative ○ the development of precise rhythm and pitch notation ● often based on pre-existing chants (“cantus firmus”) ● 2-part music by Leonin, 3rd and 4th parts by Perotin ● responsible for further refinements in developing pitch and rhythm notation ● melody = short, repeated ideas exchanged b/w upper voices ● rhythm and meter = simple pattern of long-short-long-short in upper voices over slow moving bottom voice (tenor) ● 3-part polyphony, alternating with monophonic chant = texture ● a cappella ● continues in neuromatic setting ● ends with a simple monophonic chant melody Late Middle Ages ● feudal society ending ● modern nation/states developing ○ France, England ● opening of east and west (trade, cultural exchange) ● crusades ● cities and first universities (centers of art and culture) ● rising influence of royal courts ○ 2nd source of patronage Secular Music ● Ars Nova = (new art) music style first in France, then Italy ● minstrels (troubadours) ● secular dance-instrumental, improvised, instruments not specified ● secular songs (chanson) = settings of poetry , may be monophonic or polyphonic ● music for ceremonies, celebrations, and entertainment ● Dante’s Divine Comedy ● Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales ● architecture moved from the Romanesque style to Gothic cathedrals Mauchaut ● French ● employed by church and royal courts ● composed “Notre Dame Mass” ● 1st complete polyphonic setting of ordinary mass ● sacred music and secular songs (chanson) ○ french for “song” ● melody = conjunct, low range, wavelike lines ● rhythm = slow triple meter with subtle syncopation ● texture = 3 part polyphony ● form = 2 sections A & B ● 3 male voices


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.