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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by jaxxgrace on Wednesday April 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ECON 201 at James Madison University taught by Bruce Brunton in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Principles of Economics: Microeconomics in Business at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 04/27/16
History 225 LECTURE Notes How the Indians Lost Their Land (Focus Lecture) 1783-1830’s 1. American Indians and the Meaning of Independence -British protection under the Imperial System Indians gained some protection from British when they controlled Americas Indians side with British against Americans bc they wouldn’t benefit from their win on the Revolutionary War Gorilla Warfare- Indians were suppressed by American Soldiers Iroquois- Revolution became a struggle on how to maintain existence and hold onto their lands -Americans Retaliate for Allying with Britain Racialized fears, and contempt towards Indians for siding with Britain Justification that Indians are a barrier to expansions of American liberty -Treaty of 1783 Great Britain gives away land between Appalachian Mountains and Mississippi river Americans get the “right’ to that land, but the Indians living there actually OWN the land Rights of preemption, right to BUY the land Western Settlers want the US to attack and conquer the land inhabited by Indians o Western Settlers; most violent expression of Indian policy (want to kill Indians Want to take away rights of Indians through diplomatic reasoning not war -Western Settlers Desired quick transfer of land through conquest Federal gov’t could not afford continent-wide invasion -Eastern Speculators (look down upon pioneers; western settlers) Favored policy of transfer through purchase of Indian land rights Federal gov’t could not treaty purchase *Both understand Indians are inferior* -States cannot negotiate with Indians, have to wait for gov’t to purchase land States propose for land Gov’t buys land from Indians State gets rights from gov’t for land Indians had right to deny, but had offers they couldn’t refuse/ trapped Indians look to British for support (they traveled to Canada) -Battle of Fallen Timbers 1794 Troops vs Indians & British Allies o British and Indians defeated and pushed back North in Canada -Land policy emerged combined a little both 2. American Land Policies -Indians owned lands that the US had not purchased or acquired by treaty Indians possessed “right of soil” Fed gov’t had right of preemption Jefferson’s hope -Indian Resistance ‘The Prophets’ o Brothers o Believed that the Americans are tricky, are playing the Indians o Front to Indian rights o Indians have all rights to the soil and unite the Indians again rights o No individual Indian has the right to sell land o Attempt to unite all Indians Tippecanoe (Nov. 18111) o Refused to sign a treaty to allow Americans to survey the land o A part of the war of 1812 o Indians are doing well during this time period Indians in control of a lot of Michigan during this time o Defeat British at ft. Detroit British withdraw, American’s wipe out Indian claims in Michigan, Indiana, Illinois 3. Shift in American Policy from Ownership to Occupancy -Americans increasingly question Indians “right to soil” -Indians have never been farmers -Indians lived by the chase, nomadic hunters -Indian’s thus had a right of occupancy but not right of soil -Settlers wanted to cultivate land and utilize it since Indians did not Indians are not farmers but hunters Incapable in living in harmony with settlers o Resistance is rooted in distinct character of the Indian o Less frugal in enjoyment, and less industrious o Indians despise labor and leave work for women, childlike impulse, governed by passions, believe in superstition, no practical view of reality, no criminal code or punishment, live in a state of nature o If people come in contact with them they will die out o Indians block progress, only solution is to relocate them and move them to Oaklahoma -Consequences Landownership had long been linked to Agriculture in Western thinking
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