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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by jaxxgrace on Wednesday April 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ECON 201 at James Madison University taught by Bruce Brunton in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Principles of Economics: Microeconomics in Business at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 04/27/16
History 225 LECTURE Notes The Response of the Progressives Progressive Era – late 1890s-1920s Series of social reformists o Women become very important in this period o Mary Mcdonald testified before a municipal commission in Chicago about work conditions in the cities Draws attention to working conditions Conserve the homeplace Social housekeeper Maternal rather than feminist (mothers to the nation) Demanded a series of reforms in response to industrialization and immigration Health of the home is the health of the nation Back-of-the Yards Industrial development and environmental destruction Connection between the home and the working environment What is Progressivism? Progressive Era presidents: o Theodore Roosevelt o Woodrow Wilson Difficulties in defining Leading Questions in the Progressive Era o Industrial Relations Cleveland: Minimalist government was incapable of addressing the social ills generated by industrial capitalism o Women in public affairs o Social Welfare o Immigration o United States’ place in the world Basic Attitudes of the Progressive Response o Optimism Believes problems of industrial capitalism could be solved o Social Cohesion of Social Darwinism Rejected society is divided in Darwinist struggle of the survival of the fittest Patriotic duty to solve these problems o Envisioned and Activist role for the state Government has a place and responsibility for action when confronted with problems Reform versus Reaction and Radicalism o Reformists not radicalism o Preserve capitalism and industrialism o Futuristic; accept realities of industrial America Politics of Social Housekeeping -Women are very active; how can women stay out of politics? Requires mothers to become involved; domestic roles Battle against the social causes of disorder in the home and family -Women entered the public politics through the window of being mother and wives Argued the connection between poor working conditions and poverty at home Insisted that all the disorder in the home is all part of social failures of society to provide the opportunity to live lives of dignity Argued the nation must be conventionalized as a household o Spoiled meat analogy Infant Welfare State of the Progressive Era What is the proper roll in responsibility in government in an increasingly complicated economic environment? -Disorderly families had social causes Morally inferior to good upstanding members of society o Begging because society has placed them into this situation o Social solutions necessary o Women: if you reform society you wont have delinquents, beggars, prostitutes etc. Mothers pensions were argued for Working mens compensation New Federal Bureaucracies o Childhood poverty, advocated solutions Social housekeepers advocated a family wage o Enabled them to provide for their families Underscores men as main wage earners for the household Women aren’t feminists; entering public realm of ideas as wives as mothers o Women left private sphere of home and church o Social housekeepers advocated for right to vote o Women needed access to influence public and social policy Voting vital instrument for achieving policies women were after Dilemma of Social Housekeepers o Entry into politics confirms central/social role as wives and mothers Don’t reject the idea; consider themselves wives and mothers first o Advance idea women are the weaker sex Women were being harmed by the economy Wives were being abandoned by husbands Unable to fulfill roles as mothers due to poverty Women were “in need of protection from the state” Rather than arguing women are equals of men -West as Dress Rehearsal for Overseas Colonial Expansion Economic motives of trans-Mississippi expansion American military role in subjugating the Plains Indians American Imperialism -Guiding Principles of American Foreign Policy Idealism- idea that American foreign policy developers like to think of the us as different than any other country in the world o America is guided by ideals rather than realist material interests o Unlike European powers the US intervenes internationally to defend the ideals of democracy and freedom Realism -Ideological Tensions Raised by American Foreign Policy of the 1890s Series of questions over ideological debate over tensions about idealism and realism o Are colonies going to become territories governed by the constitution to become states? o Could a colonial power preserve commitment to democracy at home if it pursues colonialism abroad Does getting involved in foreign affairs undermine democratic ideals? Spanish American War -Devotion, courage, Sacrifice -Imperialists vs anti imperialists -Imperialists didn’t consider granting constitutional rights to Philippianos Argued the constitution does not follow the flag Cannot become American citizens -Anti Imperialists Objected to annexation o Immense indirect costs American Atrocities in the Philippine War -Little heroism, courage, idealism in American foreign policy -Philippine war exposes US foreign policy
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