Intro to Women's and Gender Studies, Week 16 Notes
Intro to Women's and Gender Studies, Week 16 Notes WGST 1101 - 001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicole Sanacore on Wednesday April 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to WGST 1101 - 001 at University of North Carolina - Charlotte taught by Kelly Anne Finley in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Intro to Women's Studies in Women and Gender studies at University of North Carolina - Charlotte.
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Date Created: 04/27/16
WGST 1101 – April 27 Lecture What is “Reproductive Justice?” Term developed by African-American feminists/activists (mainly by Loretta Ross) Loretta Ross Margaret Sanger was approached by black women in Harlem and Brooklyn to open birth control clinics in black areas dual-value system – African-Americans and other minorities had to fight for the use of birth control but also fight eugenics/forced sterilization was sexually assaulted by her cousin and got pregnant as a result; gave birth to her son at 14; said this experience made her a feminist; attempted to give her son up for adoption but decided to keep him after the nurses brought him to her wasn’t allowed back at school after giving birth to her son and had to sue the school district for her right to go to school; won the case 1972 – D.C. Rape Crisis Center was the only rape crisis center in the world at the time a friend who was a member of the Black Panther Party convinced her to visit and volunteer at the D.C. Rape Crisis Center became director of D.C. Rape Crisis Center in 1979 was a victim of forced sterilization due to IUD malpractice by her doctor, which she sued for lack of sex education harmed her and millions of other teens Reproductive Justice the right to have a child or not to have a child the right to parent and control our birthing options a woman’s ability to determine her reproductive destiny is directly connected to the conditions of her community focuses upon the whole female and her overall health outcomes Menarche – first menstrual cycle global crisis of stigma against menstruation and girls missing school average age of first menstrual cycle in 2000 is 12.4 years-old Menopause – permanent cessation of menstruation average age of menopause in America is 51 years-old Managing One’s Reproductive Life American female = reproductive life lasts 40 years without birth control, the average female would have 12 – 15 pregnancies within her lifetime current American birth rate is 1.8/1 female biggest birth rate factor = economic o more money = fewer births Birth Control Saves $$ and the Future average US annual cost of raising a child = $9,000 to $25,000 studies link an increase to women’s wages to the availability of birth control Sexually Transmitted Infections half of all reported STI cases = 15 - 24 years-old chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis – cause life-long health complications, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility Abstinence abstinence-only education had no effect (positive or negative) on delay of sex 99% of Americans want AIDS and STI education Supreme Court Birth Control Cases Griswold v. Connecticut (1965) – ruling that struck down state laws prohibiting distribution of birth control to married adults Eisenstadt v. Baird (1972) – ruling struck down state laws prohibiting the distribution of birth control to unmarried adults stare decisious – decision stands; rule of law Birth Control Effectiveness pregnancy rate per 100 females in one year o implants – 0.01% o the pill (combined and progestin only) – 9% o male condom – 18% o no method – 85% Emergency Contraceptive Pills (EPCs) “Plan B,” “Morning After Pill” inhibits ovulation, conception, or implantation, depending upon the time of use effective up to 120 hours (5 days) after unprotected sex/failed contraception/rape ECPs compared to Mifepristone ECPs do not cause medical abortions, there is no medical pregnancy present, available over the counter Mifepristone causes medication abortion, by prescription only, effective after confirmed pregnancy and up to 9 weeks; 97% effective Pregnancy pregnancy begins with fertilized egg completes implantation into the uterus (American Medical Association) Roe v. Wade 1973 Supreme Court ruling o woman’s right to decide whether or not to be a parent is constitutionally protected o the State must safeguard maternal health o the State has interests in protecting viable life (sustained survival outside of the womb) Abortion Statistics 49% of pregnancies in US are unintended 3 in 10 women will receive an abortion by the age of 40 42% live below 100% poverty level ($10,830/year per single female) 54% were using birth control (76% pill; 49% condoms) First Trimester Abortive Procedures 91% of all abortions performed prior to 13 weeks Danielle Deaver got pregnant and had a normal pregnancy for 22 weeks before her water broke the embryonic fluid did not recover and upon seeing a doctor, she was told because of this the fetus would not develop properly she could not end the pregnancy because Nebraska passed a ban on abortions after 20 weeks she and her husband returned home, and 10 days later she gave birth to the child who died 15 minutes after being born because they had underdeveloped lungs send to: firstname.lastname@example.org
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