Music Notes (4/20-4/25)
Music Notes (4/20-4/25) MUMH 1600
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Arely Sanchez on Wednesday April 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUMH 1600 at University of North Texas taught by Dr. Randy Kinnett in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 56 views. For similar materials see Music in Human Imagination in Music at University of North Texas.
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Date Created: 04/27/16
More Wagner Involvement in revolutions makes him flee his job directing royal opera house in Dresden Spends the rest of his life developing his own kind of opera In 1864 he gains patronage of King Ludwig II of Bavaria. -writes him a fan letter Ludwig funds his theatre for him in Bayreuth In 1876 he premieres his masterpiece (Ring of the Nibelung) (Ring Cycle) -4 operas with one continuous plot -based on Norse mythology -shows Wagner’s innovations Wagner’s Innovations “complete artwork” gesamtkunstwerk -one artist creates the whole opera -replaces collabs of composer, librettist, director, etc. -opera should be one vision, not compromised among multiple visions -stabreim (libretti)- bad poet “endless melody: no distinct arias/recitatives, instead one continuous musical flow -when singers do not have melody, the orchestra does -there’s always some kind of music happening (transitional) Leitmotifs: a theme in an opera recurring themes that gain meaning in an opera based on context The Rhine Gold nibelung (alberich): instantly in love with rhine girls -they were guarding gold -can only get it by cursing love -he steals it wotan (odin) -just built castle in the sky -hasn’t payed for it so the ice giants take girl hostage until he does -wife is unhappy The Valkyrie (1876) second opera in the ring cycle the Valkyrie Brunnhilde rebels against her father, the god Wotan (does not like her step-mom) -valkyries harvest fallen heroes from the battlefield -also Wotan’s offspring (twins) she helps 2 of Wotan’s half-human children to fall in love and have a great child Rite of Spring Paris 1913 Really upset a lot of people Ballets Russes (Russian ballet) Diaghilev: writer Nijinsky: very modern choreographer Igor Stravinsky 1882-1971 related to the 20 century explores music things he keeps doing for the rest of his career (techniques) left Russia and living in Europe -“Firebird” What Rite of Spring is about? Not really graceful at all Represent a pagan group -> now Russia Dressed in leathers and furs Celebrating spring time They sacrifice someone for the spring Pick a teenage girl and surround her making her dance until she dies Dancing is very sinister Primitivism: very inelegant form of art (sinister-juxtapositions of human and nature) Characteristics Folk like and folk melodies Ostinato (keeps coming back) Static sounds (ostinato overlaps with this) Polytonality: 2 layers that sound like they are in 2 keys Block Construction: takes a score that already sounds good, and enters a “block” at the end or the top (things that wouldn’t go together)
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