The Mediterranean Diet
The Mediterranean Diet NTRI 2000-002
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaylen Taylor on Thursday April 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to NTRI 2000-002 at Auburn University taught by Michael Winand Greene in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Nutrition and Health in Nutrition and Food Sciences at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 04/28/16
Mediterranean Diet Monday, April 25, 2016 11:01 AM • Mediterranean Diet ○ Many variants of the Mediterraneaneating patterns exist in the nation that border the Mediterranean Sea. ○ Not one diet ○ Why so much interest? Health benefits □ Cardiovascular disease □ Reduced risk of developing diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, and certain cancers Associated with a lower metabolicstates. Healthy aging Food: Taste Fresh Food: Veggies, fruits ○ Study Abroad Rome and Southern Italy ○ Blue Zones Areas where people live a really long time. □ Okinawa, Japan: Females are the world's longest lived population (70+) □ Ikaria, Greece: Lowestrates of dementia □ Sardinia, Italy: Highest concentrationsof male centenarians □ Nicoya, Costa Rica: Lowest rates of middle age mortality □ Loma Lina, California: Mostly vegetarian , religious community What's common? □ Moving naturally □ Purpose, Contentment □ Down shift; Managing stress □ 80% rule: Leaving 1/3 of your stomach empty □ Plant Slant: Lots of plants and legumes □ Wine at 5 □ Belong: Attending faith based services □ Loved ones come first □ Living in the right tribe □ Living in the right tribe • Nutrients in the Mediterranean Diet ○ Olive Oil Classified based on the breakdown of triglyceride Extra Virgin Olive Oil □ Free (<0.8%) acidity, measured as Oleic Acid □ Produced entirely by mechanical means without the use of solventsand under temperaturesthat will not degrade the oil. (Less than 86 F) Virgin Olive Oil □ Free acidity of not more than 2-3 grams per 100 grams Refined Olive Oil □ Is flavorlessand odorless □ Fatty acid content is unchanged ○ Extra Virgin Olive Oil: Is it the types of oils or other factors? Olives are fruits Tocopherols(Vitamin E) Phenolic compounds Function: □ Powerful antioxidants • Landmark Mediterranean Diet Studies ○ The Seven Countries Study An observationstudy ProspectiveCohort study Cross cultural Led by Ansel Keys Keys asked in 1947 why Americans seemed to die a lot from heart disease. A colleague suggested that people in Naples rarely died from heart disease 16 cohortsfrom 7 countries were identified □ USA □ Finland □ Netherlands □ Greece □ Italy □ Yugoslavia □ Japan Measurement: □ BACKGROUND INFO Lifestyle:smoking, physical activity Medical history □ Physical Exam Anthropometry Blood Pressure Heart Function ○ The Preimed Study An experimentalstudy Clinical Trial Parallel group, multicenter, single-blind, randomized trial ○ Community Health Finland: Had one of the highest CVD rate. □ Hired Puska to figure out what they could do to change that. Organized community Took action, which made changes in behavior and health risks, which in turn lowered CVD rates. turn lowered CVD rates.