Soc 102-Collins Sociology M138
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Freddie816 on Thursday April 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology M138 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Timmermans in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Death, suicide and trauma in Sociology at University of California - Los Angeles.
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Date Created: 04/28/16
4/28/16 Collins was interested in studying the micro level of society. Collins argued that everything that individuals do at the micro level affects the macro level; therefore society is defined as the interaction of patterns the role of the individual affects the larger social structure society and its institutions are relatively loose patterns of social interaction society is able to persist because people remember past interactions and anticipate future ones→ In this way society is constantly reshaped and redefined at the micro level Collins used Weber’s idea of class, status and power, and argued that society is divided into four fundamental domains over which groups struggle for control: 1. Material production: material goods such as wealth 2. Mental production: ideas, usually carried out by intellectuals and the media 3. Emotional production: the ability to control one’s emotions such as through the use of gender roles i.e portray women as weak and therefore disqualify them from certain positions such as for being elected as president 4. Means of coercion Our positions within this macro level of stratification will determine how we behave at the micro level (macro structure of society is embodied in our behavior). For instance, people will engage in certain rituals that will portray their roles in the larger social structure such as through the use of titles i.e Dr., Sir, your majesty etc. These titles are argued to dramatize our rank within the sphere of production as the use of these higher status titles “force” others to respect and subordinate to Dr. so and so (impression management). Other examples use of dramatic clothing (pope), standing up for someone of higher status such as a judge, bowing for someone of royalty (the idea is that these rituals reinforce our rank in the larger social structure and remind others of our level of authority). In modern society, o ccupations are the dominant authority structure and will determine our class and status in society (occupations sinuate our status) Collins proposes a three class model which all differ from their degrees of control: ● Top: Those who hold the most authority, almost never take orders from anyone else ● Middle: Those who hold some authority, give and take s ome o rders ● Bottom class: Those who hold no authority, always take orders Our rank in this class structure will affect our personality and mode of interaction: the top classes are proud and arrogant people that expect others to defer to them. The top class has high levels of confidence and a dominant personality, i.eDonald Trump. The middle class holds an optimistic personality and believe that they can move up the social ladder through hard work and effort. The working class is more cynical and don’t put too much emphasis on the future. “Focus on today because their might not be a tomorrow.” emphasis on partying and drinking. Place a lot of emphasis on friends and family. 4/28/16 We are not only part of occupational groups but also of nonoccupational groups, which are in turn determined by our occupation (our occupations will determine our levels of income which in turn will determine who we interact with (what church we go to, the friends we hang out with etc)).
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