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Intro to Sociology, Week 12 Notes

by: Rebecca Smith

Intro to Sociology, Week 12 Notes SO 1003

Marketplace > Mississippi State University > History > SO 1003 > Intro to Sociology Week 12 Notes
Rebecca Smith
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About this Document

These notes cover chapter 8 and chapter 9
Intro to Sociology
Robert Montgomery
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebecca Smith on Thursday April 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO 1003 at Mississippi State University taught by Robert Montgomery in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in History at Mississippi State University.


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Date Created: 04/28/16
Intro to Sociology Chapter 8 Sex, Sexuality, and Gender  Sex o Natural or biological make-up that label male and females  Sexuality o Refers to desire, sexual preference, sexual identity, and behavior  Gender o Social construction of roles of masculinity and femininity, set of social arrangement that are built around sex Gender  Gender roles are sets of behavioral norms assumed to accompany one’s status as a male or female  Evidence shows that gender roles have more to do with social status than biology Chapter 9 The Myth of Race  Race is defined as groups of people that share physical characteristics and are said to share a common bloodline  Racism is the belief that members of separate races that have different and unequal human traits  Race is a social construct that changes over time and across different contexts The Concept of Race  Many historical efforts to explain race were biased due to ethnocentrism (the judgement of other groups by one’s own standards and values) th  Social Darwinism, another 19 century theory, was the notion that some groups or races evolved more than others and were better fit to survive and even rule other races  Backers of eugenics (the science of genetic lines and the inheritable traits they pass on from generation to generation) claimed that traits could be traced through bloodline and bred into populations (for positive traits) or out of them (for negative traits)  Eugenics was the idea that they could manipulate race through genetics  Miscegenation is the technical term for a multiracial marriage  The one-drop rule, which evolved from U.S. laws forbidding miscegenation, was the belief that “one drop” of black blood makes a person black. Application of this rule kept the white population “pure” and lumped anyone with black blood into one category Racial Realities  Racialization is the formation of a new racial identity in which new ideological boundaries of difference are drawn around a formerly unnoticed group of people Race versus Ethnicity  Race is imposed (usually based on physical characteristics), hierarchical, exclusive, and unequal.  Ethnicity is voluntary, self-defined, nonhierarchical, fluid, cultural, and not so closely linked with power differences  An ethnic identity becomes racialized when it is subsumed under a forced label, racial marker, or “otherness”  Symbolic ethnicity is ethnicity that is individualistic in nature and without real social cost for the individual Minority-Majority Group Relations  Pluralism, in the context of race and ethnicity, refers to the presence and engaged coexistence of numerous distinct groups in one society, with no one group being in the majority  Segregation is the legal or social practice of separating people on the basis of their race or ethnicity o Segregation was official policy in the United States, particularly in the South, until the 1960s o Despite being illegal for over 40 years, there is still ample evidence of segregation in American Society today, particularly in schools, housing, and prisons


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