Week 11 Notes
Week 11 Notes ENGL 221
Popular in British Literature to 1798
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Foreign Language
Justine Anne Guevarra
verified elite notetaker
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shelby Flippen on Thursday April 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 221 at Towson University taught by K. Attie in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see British Literature to 1798 in Foreign Language at Towson University.
Reviews for Week 11 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 04/28/16
Poetry Call and Response Style (of all four) Rhymed Couplets Depicting superficial themes a. Reinforces empty materialism Lends itself to satire teasing and mocking others’ folly 1 Johnathon Swift’s “The Lady’s Dressing Room” Style Mocking patriarchal love poetry b. Cecelia – name in pastoral love poetry c. Inventory of detestable (rather than beautiful) features mock blazon Mock epic: references Paradise Lost o “Secrets of the hoary deep” o Stephon’s realization = Adam’s fall o Stephon’s disillusionment of Celia = Adam’s disenchantment with Eve o Stephon snooping = Adam and Eve’s desire to eat the apple “To taint the parts from which they fell” (112) “Soon punished Stephon” (120) Celia is a gilded beautiful object (not really so beautiful) Compared to the chamber pot/Pandora’s box a. “A cabinet to vulgar eyes” (78) 2 (Lady Mary Wortley) Montagu’s “The Reasons That Induced Dr. Swift to Write a Poem Called “The Lady’s Dressing Room” Swift: Not the masculine man he pretends to be Sexually impotent for whore criticized all women through poetry a. SAME explanation as why men wrote horrible things about women in the bible, according to the Wife of Bath in Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales Cowardly o “The frightened hare from dogs does” (57) Bad writer; his poetry is literally only worth shit. o “You’ll furnish paper when I shite” (89). Hypocritical He’s a clergyman and shouldn’t solicit prostitutes (again, HYPOCRICY) Little sense b. “With so much rhyme and little reason” (46). Physical guise like Celia: c. “Hard featured heightened by toupée" (42). d. “His golden snuff box” (2). 3 Alexander Pope’s “Epistle 2: To a Lady” Pope acknowledges female oppression “They seek the first [power] not to lose the second pleasure” Demonstrates women’s shortcomings to praise his love Martha Blankness of mind and superficiality: (Women desire pleasure over knowledge) a. Women are this way because: “A spark too fickle, or a spouse too kind . . . “ (94100). b. “In women . . . The love of pleasure, and the love of sway” (208210). c. Rather, men are: “In men . . . “ (207) In contrast, Martha is smart and knows how to use her power in the right way “Oh! Blest with temper . . . ” (257268) She is Eve: “softer man” (272) 4 Irwin’s “An Epistle to Mr. Pope Need for quality education to both all genders and classes If Swift really wants to help women, he will educate them “In education all the difference lies” (33) “Between the hero and the rural ‘squire” (26) “Women, if taught, would be bold and wise” (36) “Culture improves all faults” (47) 1 Thomas Gray’s Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard Background Renaissance love poetry is gone a. Poets in general: “Haply some hoaryheaded swain may say” (97) b. Lazy speakers: “His listless length at noontide would he stretch” (103) c. Crazy in love: “or crazed with care, or crossed in hopeless love” (108) Style Elegy poem of serious recollection, typically a lament of the dead Repetition of words emphasizes their repetitive work: “oft” Rhythm of the poem reflects the rhythm of the worker’s work (2528) Setting/Characters Solitary rural workmen d. “The plowman homeward plods his weary way” (3). Common, uneducated rural workers buried Plot Idealization of rural work e. Man mastering nature pleasure (similar to Adam and Eve before the fall) o “How jocund did they drive their team afield! / How bowed the woods beneath their sturdy stroke!” (2728) b. Usefulness/pride of work o “Let not Ambition mock their useful toil” (29) c. They had simple pleasures/homely joy o “Their homely joys, and destiny obscure” (30) o NOT: Shakespeare’s Macbeth: “Forbade to wave through slaughter to a throne” (77) o NOT: Shakespeare’s Henry V: “And shut the gates of mercy on mankind” (78) d. They were more virtuous and dealt with and committed less crimes o “Their growing virtues, but their crimes confined” (66) BUT in the end, we all die will be forgotten a. Deflates the pompous, ambitious, and proud o “Nor you, ye proud, impute to these the fault” (37) o “The boast of heraldry, the pomp of power” (33) Acknowledges that education creates social privilege and the possibility of immortality (potentially thorough literature) a. Syntax (5760) b. “Their lot forbade” (65) Epitaph Educated a. “Fair science frowned not on his humble birth” (119) Supposedly not famous Time for leisure a. “He gave to Misery all he had” (123) He wants to be remembered as a. Self sufficient b. One of the common people memorialize these people Basically: Reflecting on how the working class should be remembered a. Concludes human dignity demands that their souls (including Gray’s and the reader’s) be remembered o Workers “Yet even these bones from insult to protect” (77) o Reader – “Some kindred spirit shall inquire they fate” (96) “Approach and read (for thou canst read” (115) o Gray’s epitaph at the end is for himself “With uncouth rhymes” (79) Pondering his own death 2 Oliver Goldsmith’s The Deserted Village Idealized village life “Sweet Auburn! Loveliest village of the plain” (1) This has been lost (125128) Background: Enclosure Movements: rural communities’ common land for peasants was taken away to turn into pastures for profit (grazing sheep because wool was the main export) As seen through: a. “A midst thy bowers the tyrant’s hand is seen” b. Woman turned from a milkmaid into a city prostitute c. Old woman is the village’s only resident solitary figure replacing young women and animals
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'